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West Africai
Regional Level Types
West AfricaUN Subregion

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Key
Lock Map
View of the Tarkwa gold mining area, ca. 1905.

Tarkwa, Ashanti gold belt, Western Region, Ghana
Artisanal gold mining pit in Tialkam

Tialkam, Tillabéry Department, Niger
View of the Tarkwa gold mining area, ca. 1905.

Tarkwa, Ashanti gold belt, Western Region, Ghana
Artisanal gold mining pit in Tialkam

Tialkam, Tillabéry Department, Niger
View of the Tarkwa gold mining area, ca. 1905.

Tarkwa, Ashanti gold belt, Western Region, Ghana
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lagos9,000,000 (2017)
Abidjan3,677,115 (2016)
Kano3,626,068 (2016)
Ibadan3,565,108 (2016)
Dakar2,476,400 (2011)
Camayenne1,871,242 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Afrique de l'Ouest
German:
Westafrika
Italian:
Africa occidentale
Russian:
Западная Африка
Simplified Chinese:
西非
Spanish:
África Occidental
Achinese:
Afrika Barat
Afrikaans:
Wes-Afrika
Albanian:
Afrika perëndimore
Amharic:
ምዕራብ አፍሪካ
Arabic:
غرب أفريقيا
Armenian:
Արևմտյան Աֆրիկա
Asturian:
África Occidental
Azeri:
Qərbi Afrika
Basque:
Mendebaldeko Afrika
Belarusian:
Заходняя Афрыка
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Заходняя Афрыка
Bengali:
পশ্চিম আফ্রিকা
Bosnian:
Zapadna Afrika
Breton:
Afrika ar C'hornaoueg
Bulgarian:
Западна Африка
Catalan:
Àfrica Occidental
Central Bikol:
Aprikang Solnopan
Chuvash:
Анăç Африка
Croatian:
Zapadna Afrika
Czech:
Západní Afrika
Danish:
Vestafrika
Dutch:
West-Afrika
Dutch Low Saxon:
West-Afrika
Esperanto:
Okcidentafriko
Estonian:
Lääne-Aafrika
Farsi/Persian:
آفریقای غربی
Finnish:
Länsi-Afrikka
Franco-Provençal:
Africa du Ponant
Galician:
África Occidental
Georgian:
დასავლეთი აფრიკა
Greek:
Δυτική Αφρική
Hebrew:
מערב אפריקה
Hindi:
पश्चिमी अफ्रीका
Hungarian:
Nyugat-Afrika
Icelandic:
Vestur-Afríka
Iloko:
Laud nga Aprika
Indonesian:
Afrika Barat
Japanese:
西アフリカ
Javanese:
Afrika Kulon
Kannada:
ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಆಫ್ರಿಕಾ
Karakalpak:
Batis Afrika
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Батыс Африка
Kongo:
Afelika ya Lumonso
Korean:
서아프리카
Kyrgyz:
Батыш Африка
Latin:
Africa Occidentalis
Latvian:
Rietumāfrika
Lithuanian:
Vakarų Afrika
Luxembourgish:
Westafrika
Macedonian:
Западна Африка
Malay:
Afrika Barat
Malayalam:
പടിഞ്ഞാറേ ആഫ്രിക്ക
Marathi:
पश्चिम आफ्रिका
Mingrelian:
ბჟადალი აფრიკა
Mongolian:
Өрнө Африк
Northern Sotho:
Afrika Bodikela
Norwegian:
Vest-Afrika
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Vest-Afrika
Occitan:
Africa de l'Oèst
Polish:
Afryka Zachodnia
Portuguese:
África Ocidental
Punjabi:
ਪੱਛਮੀ ਅਫ਼ਰੀਕਾ
Romanian:
Africa Occidentală
Scots:
Wast Africae
Serbian:
Западна Африка
Serbo-Croatian:
Zapadna Afrika
Sindhi:
اولهه آفريڪا
Slovak:
Západná Afrika
Slovenian:
Zahodna Afrika
Somali:
Galbeedka Afrika
Sundanese:
Afrika Kulon
Swahili:
Afrika ya Magharibi
Swedish:
Västafrika
Tagalog:
Kanlurang Aprika
Tamil:
மேற்கு ஆப்பிரிக்கா
Tatar:
Көнбатыш Африка
Thai:
แอฟริกาตะวันตก
Traditional Chinese:
西非
Turkish:
Batı Afrika
Turkmen:
Günbatar Afrika
Ukrainian:
Західна Африка
Urdu:
مغربی افریقا
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Gʻarbiy Afrika
Venetian:
Africa Osidentałe
Vietnamese:
Tây Phi
Walloon:
Afrike coûtchantrece
Waray:
Katundan nga Apriká
Welsh:
Gorllewin Affrica
West Frisian:
West-Afrika
Western Punjabi:
لہندا افریقہ
Wolof:
Sowwu Afrig
Wu Chinese:
西非
Yakut:
Арҕаа Африка
Yiddish:
מערב אפריקע
Yoruba:
Ìwọòrùn Áfíríkà
Zazaki:
Afrikay Rocawani


West Africa as defined as a UN subregion, consists of: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

360 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Amphibolite

Andesite

Anorthosite

'Aplite'

'Argillite'

'Arkose'

Ash

Aubrite meteorite

'Augen gneiss'

'Banded gneiss'

Banded iron formation

Basalt

Bauxite

'Bentonite'

Beresite

'Biotite gneiss'

'Biotite granite'

'Birbirite'

Breccia

CBa chondrite meteorite

Calcrete

Carbonate rock

'Charnockitic granite'

Chert

'Chlorite schist'

'Cipolin'

Conglomerate

Dacite

Diatexite

Diogenite meteorite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

'Dunitic diogenite meteorite'

'Episyenite'

'Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite'

Feldspathic breccia

Fine-grained ("volcanic") normal crystalline igneous rock

Gabbro

Gabbronorite

'Garnet-mica schist'

Gneiss

Gossan

Grainstone

Granite

'Granitic gneiss'

Granodiorite

'Granophyric granite'

Granules

Granulite

Gravel

Greenschist

Greenstone

Greisen

'Greywacke'

H4 chondrite meteorite

H5 chondrite meteorite

Hornfels

Howardite meteorite

Hyaloclastite

IAB-MG iron meteorite

IIAB iron meteorite

'Ignimbritic tuff'

'Iron ore'

Iron slag

'Jaspillite'

Kimberlite

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

'LL3.2 chondrite meteorite'

LL5 chondrite meteorite

LL6 chondrite meteorite

Laterite

'Leptynite'

'Leucogabbro'

'Leucogranite'

Limestone

Lunar achondrite meteorite

Lunar regolith

'Mafic volcanic rock'

Magnetitite

Marble

'Melagabbro'

Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite

Meta-andesite

Metabasalt

Metadacite

Metadunite

Metagabbro

Metamudstone

Metaperidotite

Meteorite

'Mica schist'

'Microgabbro'

'Microgranite'

Migmatite

Monzodiorite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Mylonite

Norite

'Ophiolite'

Orthogneiss

Para-amphibolite

'Pebbly sandstone'

'Pegmatite'

'Pegmatoid'

Phosphorite

Phyllite

Pillowed-volcaniclastic-breccia

'Polymict breccia diogenite meteorite'

'Porphyritic granite'

'Porphyry'

Primitive achondrite meteorite

Pyroxenite

'Quartz porphyry'

'Quartz-mica schist'

Quartzite

'Rapakivi granite'

Regolith breccia

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

Sandstone

Saprolite

Schist

Serpentinite

Shale

Shergottite meteorite

Silcrete

'Silexite'

Silt

Siltstone

Skarn

Sodalite-syenite

Spessartite

Spilite

Syenite

'Tholeiitic basalt'

'Tillite'

Tonalite

Trachyte

Troctolite

Tuff

Tuffite

Ultramylonite

'Ungrouped IAB iron meteorite'

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Volcanic breccia

'Volcanic rock'

Wackestone

'itabirite'

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: http://www.smenet.org/opaque-ore/ix_d19_1.htm
Akimotoite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Reference: Zhidong Xie et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI (2005), 1216.pdf
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Currier, R. H., Pohl, D., (2011), Mineral Collecting in Mali, Mineralogical Record: 42(3): 231-250
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Universidade de Evora
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Zoned plagioclase [An89-An48] found in plagioclase-rich aggregates which also contain diopside and silica-rich mesostasis clearly includes Labradorite (e.g,An50-An70). Cf. Domanik et al. (2004)
Reference: Domanik, K., Kolar, S., Musselwhite, D. & Drake, M. J. (2004) Accessory silicate mineral assemblages in the Bilanga diogenite: A petrographic study. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(4): 567-579. (April 2004)
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: http://www.gsr.com/PDFs/NI43-101QualifyingReport.pdf
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Aschamalmite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Sangaré, A., Driouch, Y., Salvi, S., Féménias, O., Siebenaller, L., Belkasmi, M., ... & Debat, P. (2014). Géologie des minéralisations aurifères du gisement tardi-éburnéen de Kalana (Birimien, Sud-Ouest du Mali) Geology of Kalana late-eburnean gold deposit (Birimian, southwestern Mali). Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, (36), 00-00.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Weisberg, M. K.; Boesenberg, J. S.; Ebel, D. S. (2002). Gujba and Origin of the Bencubbin-like (CB) Chondrites. 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1551. (March 2002).
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Sam Rosenblum and S.P. Srivastava (1979) The Bambuta phosphate deposit, Liberia; a reconnaissance report. USGS Bulletin 1480
'Barrandite'
Reference: Sam Rosenblum and S.P. Srivastava (1979) The Bambuta phosphate deposit, Liberia; a reconnaissance report. USGS Bulletin 1480
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
Berlinite ?
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Ademila, O., & Adebanjo, O. J. (2017). Geotechnical and Mineralogical Characterization of Clay Deposits in Parts of Southwestern Nigeria.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bolivarite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
Reference: Mücke, A., Badejoko, T.A., and Akande, S.O. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 284-296.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Bindi, L., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., & Bakker, R. J. (2016). Multi-analytical characterization of minerals of the bowieite–kashinite series from the Svetly Bor complex, Urals, Russia, and comparison with worldwide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist, 54(2), 461-473.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Coulibaly, Y., Boiron, M. C., Cathelineau, M., & Kouamelan, A. N. (2008). Fluid immiscibility and gold deposition in the Birimian quartz veins of the Angovia deposit (Yaoure, Ivory Coast). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 50(2), 234-254.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita Volume 34 Issue 3 (1999) pp 297-311
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Craw, D., & Bowell, R. J. (2014). The characterization of arsenic in mine waste. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 79(1), 473-505.
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Habit: Massive
Description: Occurs in the metasedimentary host rocks.
Reference: Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.
'Calc-schist'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Reference: H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. Vol 3., pages 1255-1259. University of California Press.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Locality: Odegi, Nasarawa, Nigeria - erroneously reported
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 100 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: The Massawa gold deposit, Eastern Senegal, West Africa: an orogenic gold deposit sourced from magmatically derived fluids? in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 211.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Corundophilite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Fontaine, A., Eglinger, A., Ada, K., André-Mayer, A. S., Reisberg, L., Siebenaller, L., ... & Poujol, M. (2017). Geology of the world-class Kiaka polyphase gold deposit, West African Craton, Burkina Faso. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 126, 96-122.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35,p p.587-595(1997)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Chromphyllite
Formula: K(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Dipl. Min. M. Schaeffer, Detmold
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
'Clays'
Reference: Bamba, O. et al. (2002). Ferricrete genesis and supergene gold behaviour in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 2, 3-13.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var: Subcalcic augite'
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Reference: Sakellaris, G.A., Meyer, F.M. (2008) A Metamorphic Origin of the Guelb Moghrein Fe Oxide-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Mauritania. http://www.minsoc.ru/2008-1-101-1
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Description: Small grains have precipitated on the schreibersite rims.
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Columbite Group'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, June 2015
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Applied Earth Science, Volume 110, Number 1, 2001 , pp. 45-58(14); John F.W. Bowles, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C.Fisher (2002) Platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the Freetown Complex, Sierra Leone. 9th Platinum symposium
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Collart, J., Ouassane, I., and Sylvain, I. P. (1985) : Notice explicative de la carte géologique au 1/200 000: feuille de Dapaong.- DGMG et BNRM 1ere édition; Mémoire No 2, 38 pages.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Sangaré, A., Driouch, Y., Salvi, S., Féménias, O., Siebenaller, L., Belkasmi, M., ... & Debat, P. (2014). Géologie des minéralisations aurifères du gisement tardi-éburnéen de Kalana (Birimien, Sud-Ouest du Mali) Geology of Kalana late-eburnean gold deposit (Birimian, southwestern Mali). Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, (36), 00-00.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Crandallite var: Strontian Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Phosphate Deposits of the World: Volume 2, Phosphate Rock Resources, Volume 2 edited by A. J. G. Notholt, R. P. Sheldon, D. F. Davidson
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: http://www.rexmining.be/rdmc/Pressroom/1999/1999_06_29_E.htm; Rex Diamond Mining Corp. Investors Brief.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Daniel Gagnon and Marc Huot (2011) “Technical Report – Feasibility Study of the Wona Deep Project and Updated Resources and Reserves”
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Econ Geol (2003) 98:1463-1485
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite var: Cuprian Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ludwig, T., Marschall, H. R., von Strandmann, P. P., Shabaga, B. M., Fayek, M., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2011). A secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) re-evaluation of B and Li isotopic compositions of Cu-bearing elbaite from three global localities. Mineralogical Magazine, 75(4), 2485-2494.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Béziat, D., Siebenaller, L., Salvi, S., & Chevalier, P. (2016). A weathered skarn-type mineralization in Ivory Coast: The Ity gold deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 78, 724-730.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Akande, S. O., & Mücke, A. (1993). Coexisting copper sulphides and sulphosalts in the Abakaliki Pb-Zn deposit, lower Benue Trough (Nigeria) and their genetic significance. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 183-192.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285; Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.; John F.W. Bowles, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C.Fisher (2002) Platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the Freetown Complex, Sierra Leone. 9th Platinum symposium
Ernienickelite
Formula: NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Description: (Reported earlier in Gunnar Färber mineral catalogue, 2007; method of analysis not given.)
Reference: Hühne, H. (2009) Traubiger Apatit und Ernienickelit aus den Phosphatminen Senegals. Lapis 34, 24.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
'Fergusonite'
'Ferro-barroisite'
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Ferronigerite-2N1S (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1947) 28, 118-128
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Alan E. Rubin (2010). Impact melting in the Cumberland Falls and Mayo Belwa aubrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, #2, 265-275.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Reference: Mineralium Deposita Volume 34 Issue 3 (1999) pp 297-311
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 833.; Gold Coast Geological Survey (1933) Report on the Geological Survey Department for the Financial Year 1933-34 p6
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Denver Region Exploration Geologists Society October 6, 2008 Technical Presentation Alteration and Mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein Magnetite-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Akjoujt, Mauritania. Michael J. Kirschbaum and Murray Hitzman. ; Mineralium Deposita (2006) 41:68-81
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Hastingsite var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: DoELTER, C. 1882. Die Vulcane der Capverden und ihre Producte. Graz.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Henryite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Chromohercynite
Formula: Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Reference: Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jeffbenite
Formula: Mg3Al2Si3O12
Reference: Nestola, F., Burnham, A. D., Peruzzo, L., Tauro, L., Alvaro, M., Walter, M. J., ... & Kohn, S. C. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Tetragonal Almandine-Pyrope Phase, TAPP: finally a name for it, the new mineral jeffbenite. Mineralogical Magazine.
Jeppeite
Formula: (K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13
Reference: Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: Sangaré, A., Driouch, Y., Salvi, S., Féménias, O., Siebenaller, L., Belkasmi, M., ... & Debat, P. (2014). Géologie des minéralisations aurifères du gisement tardi-éburnéen de Kalana (Birimien, Sud-Ouest du Mali) Geology of Kalana late-eburnean gold deposit (Birimian, southwestern Mali). Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, (36), 00-00.
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Craw, D., & Bowell, R. J. (2014). The characterization of arsenic in mine waste. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 79(1), 473-505.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2000): 68: 75-84 .
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: http://www.cienciahoje.pt/index.php?oid=52909&op=all
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: J.M.Axelrod, et al.: :Phosphate mineralization at Bomi Hill and Bambuta, Liberia, West Africa", Am. Min. 37,883-909(1952)
Leucoxene
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Liebermannite (TL)
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Langenhorst, F. and Poirier, J.-P. (2000): ‘Eclogitic’ minerals in a shocked basaltic meteorite. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 176, 259-265. [as "KAlSi3O8-hollandite"]; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2015): Liebermannite: A new potassic hollandite (KAlSi3O8) from the Zagami basaltic shergottite. 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1401. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2015/pdf/1401.pdf]; Ma, C. et al. (2018) Liebermannite, KAlSi3O8, a new shock-metamorphic, high-pressure mineral from the Zagami Martian meteorite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53 (1): 50-61. (Jan 2018).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Reference: Langenhorst, F. and Poirier, J.-P. (2000b): ‘Eclogitic’ minerals in a shocked basaltic meteorite. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 176, 259-265.; Ma, C. et al. (2018) Liebermannite, KAlSi3O8, a new shock-metamorphic, high-pressure mineral from the Zagami Martian meteorite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53 (1): 50-61. (Jan 2018).
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Mücke, A., Badejoko, T.A., and Akande, S.O. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 284-296.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesio-foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Fontaine, A., Eglinger, A., Ada, K., André-Mayer, A. S., Reisberg, L., Siebenaller, L., ... & Poujol, M. (2017). Geology of the world-class Kiaka polyphase gold deposit, West African Craton, Burkina Faso. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 126, 96-122.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lisa Leißner (2014) Crystal chemistry of amphiboles studied by Raman spectroscopy. Master Thesis in Geoscience Mineralogisch-Petrographisches Institut Universität Hamburg
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majakite
Formula: PdNiAs
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 147 localities in this region.
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Maskelynite'
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Weisberg, M. K.; Boesenberg, J. S.; Ebel, D. S. (2002). Gujba and Origin of the Bencubbin-like (CB) Chondrites. 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1551. (March 2002).
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
'Mertieite'
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
'Metafelsic-rock'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Metavariscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sam Rosenblum and S.P. Srivastava (1979) The Bambuta phosphate deposit, Liberia; a reconnaissance report. USGS Bulletin 1480
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Floran, R. J. (1978) Silicate petrography, classification, and origin of the mesosiderites - Review and new observations. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Proceedings XI. Vol. 1, 1053-1081 :New York, Pergamon Press, Inc.
Miassite
Formula: Rh17S15
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology 68:75-84 (2000)
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Microperthite'
Reference: Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment Vol. 4( 3), pp. 71 - 87, 12 February, 201 2
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Mineralium Deposita Volume 34 Issue 3 (1999) pp 297-311
Millisite
Formula: (Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Reference: http://www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/45senegal.PDF
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: http://www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/45senegal.PDF
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chem. Geol. , 1985, 50, pp. 313-330.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Deer, Howie & Zussman (1963) Vol 4, 295
Nsutite (TL)
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Sorem, R. K. Cameron, E. N (1960), Manganese oxides and associated minerals of the Nsuta manganese deposits, Ghana, West Africa. Economic Geology,55, 278-310.
'Ochre'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Allibone, A., Teasdale, J., Cameron, G., Etheridge, M., Uttley, P., Soboh, A., ... & Odoom, B. (2002). Timing and structural controls on gold mineralization at the Bogoso gold mine, Ghana, West Africa. Economic Geology, 97(5), 949-969.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Econ Geol (2003) 98:1463-1485
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: McCammon, C. A., Stachel, T., & Harris, J. W. (2004). Iron oxidation state in lower mantle mineral assemblages: II. Inclusions in diamonds from Kankan, Guinea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222(2), 423-434.
Periclase var: Ferropericlase
Formula: (Mg,Fe)O
Reference: McCammon, C. A., Stachel, T., & Harris, J. W. (2004). Iron oxidation state in lower mantle mineral assemblages: II. Inclusions in diamonds from Kankan, Guinea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222(2), 423-434.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Bill Larson specimen
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: Craw, D., & Bowell, R. J. (2014). The characterization of arsenic in mine waste. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 79(1), 473-505.
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, August 2014 (XRD analysis)
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Platinum var: Palladian Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Pd)
Reference: Pavel Kartashov.
'Plessite'
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Alain Blot: http://www.gossans.com/english/ferruginous-rocks-of-pagala-togo-and-tin-akoff-burkina-faso/mineralogical-composition/
'Prassoite'
Formula: Rh17S15
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2000): 68: 75-84 .
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Reference: Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 227 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita Volume 34 Issue 3 (1999) pp 297-311
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrolusite var: Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Reference: Sattran, V. & Wenmenga, U. (2002): Géologie du Burkina Faso - Geology of Burkina Faso. Czech Geological Survey, 136 pp.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Kowalski, W.M. (1987): Pyrophyllite from Koumbia (Guinea). Mineralogia Polonica, 18(1), 51-56
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K. (2004): The mineralogy and petrography of the ferruginous manganese rocks at Mankwadzi, Ghana. Journal of African Earth Sciences 38, 293-315.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Qandilite ?
Formula: (Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Reference: Ituma, C. G., Etukudoh, A. B., Abuh, M. A., Akpomie, K. G., & Obioha, C. I. (2018). Utilization of Nkpuma-Akpatakpa clay in ceramics: characterization and microstructural studies. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 22(1), 47-53.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 318 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Description: Information: Michelin Philippe Amethyst from Abardok, Aïr Massif, Southern Aïr, Agadez Department, Niger Collected by Salam from Niger (miners) Niger trader. Seller Aquapaza, Sylvain Leroux from Brussels, Belgium
Reference: Information: Michelin Philippe Amethyst from Abardok, Aïr Massif, Southern Aïr, Agadez Department, Niger Collected by Salam from Niger (miners) Niger trader. Seller Aquapaza, Sylvain Leroux from Brussels, Belgium
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Quartz var: Gwindel
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Rectorite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ademila, O., & Adebanjo, O. J. (2017). Geotechnical and Mineralogical Characterization of Clay Deposits in Parts of Southwestern Nigeria.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Reference: The Massawa gold deposit, Eastern Senegal, West Africa: an orogenic gold deposit sourced from magmatically derived fluids? in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 211.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: J.M.Axelrod, et al.: :Phosphate mineralization at Bomi Hill and Bambuta, Liberia, West Africa", Am. Min. 37,883-909(1952)
Romanèchite ?
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.
Roshchinite
Formula: Ag19Pb10Sb51S96
Reference: The Massawa gold deposit, Eastern Senegal, West Africa: an orogenic gold deposit sourced from magmatically derived fluids? in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 211.
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Seifertite
Formula: SiO2
Description: In maskelynite.
Reference: Zhidong Xie et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI (2005), 1216.pdf
Senegalite (TL)
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Gineste, C. & Bantsimba, C. (2005): Sénégalite et phosphates associés de Kouroudiako, Falémé, Sénégal. Le Règne Minéral, 65, 13-24.; Keegan T D, Araki T, Moore P B (1979) Senegalite, Al2(OH)3(H2O)(PO4), a novel structure type, American Mineralogist, 64, 1243-1247
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
'Silica'
'Silicate-titanite'
Formula: (Mg0.4Fe0.4Ca0.2)Si2O5
Reference: Langenhorst, F. and Poirier, J.-P. (2000): ‘Eclogitic’ minerals in a shocked basaltic meteorite. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 176, 259-265.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
'Soapstone'
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Akande, S. O., & Mücke, A. (1993). Coexisting copper sulphides and sulphosalts in the Abakaliki Pb-Zn deposit, lower Benue Trough (Nigeria) and their genetic significance. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 183-192.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 20, pt. 1, June 30, 1985, p. 229-243.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:252
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite ?
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Viale Davide collection
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: HAMPEL, W. (1999): Geology and Mineralisation of the Tialkam Permit, Liptako/Niger – Final Report.- For GeoServices Int. & Anglo American Corp.; 20 pp. with 14 maps and 19 annexes.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Rock Currier specimens (Jewel Tunnel Imports)
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Description: Occurs in placer deposits.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1088.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
'Synchysite'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetraferriannite
Formula: KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Description: Tetrataenite composition (Fe45, Ni55, Co0)
Reference: Domanik, K., Kolar, S., Musselwhite, D. & Drake, M. J. (2004) Accessory silicate mineral assemblages in the Bilanga diogenite: A petrographic study. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(4): 567-579. (April 2004)
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 406.
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Sydney Fawns (1907) Tin Deposits of the World: With a Chapter on Tin Smelting
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Titanomaghemite
Formula: (Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
Reference: Haggerty, S. E., Hargraves, R. B., & Tompkins, L. A. (1990). Oxide mineralogy and magnetic properties of the Koidu kimberlite complex, Sierra Leone, west Africa. Geophysical Journal International, 100(2), 275-283.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285; Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.; John F.W. Bowles, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C.Fisher (2002) Platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the Freetown Complex, Sierra Leone. 9th Platinum symposium
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNa'
Formula: NaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
'UM1985-06-O:CrFeMgTi'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Ti,Cr)6O7
Reference: Tompkins, L.A., Haggerty, S.E. (1985): Groundmass oxide minerals in the Koidu kimberlite dikes. Sierra Leone. West Africa. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol.: 91: 245-263; in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 444
'UM1993-12-S:BiCu'
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Akande, S.O., Miicke, A. (1993): Coexisting copper sulphides and sulphosalts in the Abakaliki Pb-Zn deposit, lower Benue Trough (Nigeria) and their genetic significance. Mineral. Petrology: 47: 183-192; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1993): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1317
'UM1993-17-S:CuFePb'
Formula: ~Cu9(Pb,Fe)S6
Reference: Akande, S.O., Miicke, A. (1993): Coexisting copper sulphides and sulphosalts in the Abakaliki Pb-Zn deposit, lower Benue Trough (Nigeria) and their genetic significance. Mineral. Petrology: 47: 183-192; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1993): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1317
'Unnamed (Cu-Mn-Sn Sulfide)'
Formula: Cu2MnSnS4
Reference: Olubambi, P. A., Ndlovu, S., Potgieter, J. H., & Borode, J. O. (2008). Mineralogical characterization of Ishiagu (Nigeria) complex sulphide ore. International Journal of Mineral Processing, 87(3-4), 83-89.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: Fontaine, A., Eglinger, A., Ada, K., André-Mayer, A. S., Reisberg, L., Siebenaller, L., ... & Poujol, M. (2017). Geology of the world-class Kiaka polyphase gold deposit, West African Craton, Burkina Faso. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 126, 96-122.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Reference: Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2000): 68: 75-84 .
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Wadsleyite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Reference: Weisberg, M.K. & Kimura, M. (2010). Petrology and Raman spectroscopy of high pressure phases in the Gujba CB chondrite and the shock history of the CB parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 45, Issue 5, pages 873–884. (May 2010)
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: McCoy, T.J., Wadhwa, M., and Keil, K. (1999) New lithologies in the Zagami meteorite: evidence for fractional crystallization of a single magma unit on Mars. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 63, Issues 7–8, April 1999, Pages 1249-1262.; Wang, A., Jolliff, B.L., and Haskin, L.A. (1999) Raman spectroscopic characterization of a Martian SNC meteorite: Zagami. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (1991–2012), 104(E4), 8509-8519.; Minitti, M.E. and McCoy, T.J. (2012) Assessing the longwave ultraviolet fluorescent characteristics of Martian meteorites. In: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, PDF 2349.
'Wiikite'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Akande, S. O., & Mücke, A. (1993). Coexisting copper sulphides and sulphosalts in the Abakaliki Pb-Zn deposit, lower Benue Trough (Nigeria) and their genetic significance. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 183-192.
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zagamiite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2Si3.5O11
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2017) Zagamiite, IMA 2015-022a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409; Ma, C., Tschauner, O. & Beckett, J.R. (2017): A new high-pressure calcium aluminosilicate (CaAl2Si3.5O11) in martian meteorites: another after-life for plagioclase and connections to the CAS phase. Lunar and Planetary Science XLVIII, 1128.pdf.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Cedrick Gineste
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Zincochromite
Formula: ZnCr2O4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35,p p.587-595(1997)
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: The Massawa gold deposit, Eastern Senegal, West Africa: an orogenic gold deposit sourced from magmatically derived fluids? in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 211.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Imeokparia, E. G. (1983). Lithogeochemical dispersion associated with Ririwai zinc-tin lode, Northern Nigeria. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 19(1-3), 643-661.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Carlsbergite1.BC.15CrN
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Palladian Platinum1.AF.10(Pt,Pd)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Zinc1.AB.05Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aschamalmite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Henryite2.BA.65(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kostovite2.EA.15CuAuTe4
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Majakite2.AC.25ePdNiAs
Malanite2.DA.05Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Miassite2.BC.05Rh17S15
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Roshchinite2.JB.40aAg19Pb10Sb51S96
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Weissite2.BA.30Cu2-xTe
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
'UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNa'3.CF.10NaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akimotoite4.CB.05(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cavoite ?4.HE.40CaV4+3O7
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ernienickelite4.FL.20NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferronigerite-2N1S (TL)4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Francevillite4.HB.15Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Chromohercynite4.BB.05Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jeppeite4.CC.50(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite4.AB.25MnO
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Nsutite (TL)4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
var: Ferropericlase4.AB.25(Mg,Fe)O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Priderite4.DK.05bK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
var: Polianite4.DB.05morphological variety
Qandilite ?4.BB.05(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Gwindel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Romanèchite ?4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Seifertite4.DA.50SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Titanomaghemite4.BB.15(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincochromite4.BB.05ZnCr2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Apjohnite7.CB.85Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Berlinite ?8.AA.05AlPO4
Bolivarite8.DF.10Al2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
Bukovskýite8.DB.40Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Strontian Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kaňkite8.CE.60FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Metavariscite8.CD.05AlPO4 · 2H2O
Millisite8.DL.10(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Senegalite (TL)8.DE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Uranocircite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
var: Corundophilite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chromphyllite9.EC.15K(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Cuprian Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Ferro-barroisite'9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Lingunite9.FA.70(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Magnesio-foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rectorite9.EC.60(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite ?9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite9.EC.20KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wadsleyite9.BE.02(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Barrandite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calc-schist'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferganite'-LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
'Fergusonite'-
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Jeffbenite-Mg3Al2Si3O12
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
Liebermannite (TL)-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mertieite'-
'Metafelsic-rock'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
'Ochre'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Prassoite'-Rh17S15
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Silicate-titanite'-(Mg0.4Fe0.4Ca0.2)Si2O5
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Soapstone'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1985-06-O:CrFeMgTi'-(Fe2+,Mg,Ti,Cr)6O7
'UM1993-12-S:BiCu'-Cu3BiS3
'UM1993-17-S:CuFePb'-~Cu9(Pb,Fe)S6
'Unnamed (Cu-Mn-Sn Sulfide)'-Cu2MnSnS4
'Wad'-
'Wiikite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Zagamiite (TL)-CaAl2Si3.5O11
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Carlsbergite1.1.20.1CrN
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Zinc1.1.5.1Zn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Majakite2.4.16.1PdNiAs
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Weissite2.4.8.1Cu2-xTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Argentopyrite2.9.13.2AgFe2S3
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Malanite2.10.1.17Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kostovite2.12.13.4CuAuTe4
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Miscellaneous
Henryite2.16.11.1(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Aschamalmite3.1.11.1Pb6Bi2S9
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Roshchinite3.4.15.7Ag19Pb10Sb51S96
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Manganosite4.2.1.3MnO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Nsutite (TL)4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Qandilite ?7.2.5.1(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
Zincochromite7.2.3.6ZnCr2O4
AB3X7
Ernienickelite7.8.2.4NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Priderite7.9.4.1K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Romanèchite ?7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S (TL)7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Miscellaneous
Jeppeite8.7.9.1(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Aluminofluorides - Chains, Sheets and Frameworks
'UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNa'11.8.4.NaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Apjohnite29.7.3.3Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Berlinite ?38.4.2.1AlPO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Francevillite40.2a.27.1Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uranocircite40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Metavariscite40.4.3.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Kaňkite40.5.4.FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Bolivarite42.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
Senegalite (TL)42.6.7.1Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Millisite42.7.9.1(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Planerite42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Bukovskýite43.5.1.2Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Wadsleyite51.3.4.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chromphyllite71.2.3.4K(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite71.2.2b.4KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Rectorite71.4.2.7(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Seifertite75.1.6.SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Genthelvite76.2.4.3Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Stellerite ?77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Akimotoite-(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Ferroaugite-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Barrandite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calc-schist'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cavoite ?-CaV4+3O7
Chamosite
var: Corundophilite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
Crandallite
var: Strontian Crandallite
-(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Elbaite
var: Cuprian Elbaite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferganite'-LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferro-barroisite'-☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'-
'Fluocerite'-
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
Gold
var: Palladian Gold
-(Au,Pd)
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Hercynite
var: Chromohercynite
-Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron-Fe
var: Martensite-Fe
Jeffbenite-Mg3Al2Si3O12
Jonassonite-AuBi5S4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
Liebermannite (TL)-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lingunite-(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Magnesio-foitite-(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mertieite'-
'Metafelsic-rock'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
Miassite-Rh17S15
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Phengite-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Ochre'-
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Periclase
var: Ferropericlase
-(Mg,Fe)O
Platinum
var: Palladian Platinum
-(Pt,Pd)
'Plessite'-
'Prassoite'-Rh17S15
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyrochlore'-
Pyrolusite
var: Polianite
-morphological variety
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz-SiO2
var: Gwindel-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Silicate-titanite'-(Mg0.4Fe0.4Ca0.2)Si2O5
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Soapstone'-
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
Titanomaghemite-(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1985-06-O:CrFeMgTi'-(Fe2+,Mg,Ti,Cr)6O7
'UM1993-12-S:BiCu'-Cu3BiS3
'UM1993-17-S:CuFePb'-~Cu9(Pb,Fe)S6
'Unnamed (Cu-Mn-Sn Sulfide)'-Cu2MnSnS4
'Wad'-
'Wiikite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zagamiite (TL)-CaAl2Si3.5O11
'Zeolite Group'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
H FerganiteLiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
H Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
H Hastingsite (var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite){Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNaNaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe32+Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H BukovskýiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
H Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
H KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H Chamosite (var: Corundophilite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li FerganiteLiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C CoheniteFe3C
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
NNitrogen
N CarlsbergiteCrN
OOxygen
O SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O LiebermanniteKAlSi3O8
O ZagamiiteCaAl2Si3.5O11
O BaryteBaSO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
O Periclase (var: Ferropericlase)(Mg,Fe)O
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O JeffbeniteMg3Al2Si3O12
O PericlaseMgO
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
O FerganiteLiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Quartz (var: Ferruginous Quartz)SiO2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
O Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O AnataseTiO2
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
O Hastingsite (var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite){Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNaNaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe32+Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O CoesiteSiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O UraniniteUO2
O UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O UM1985-06-O:CrFeMgTi(Fe2+,Mg,Ti,Cr)6O7
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Titanomaghemite(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
O WüstiteFeO
O ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BukovskýiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
O Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
O KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O ManganositeMnO
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CelestineSrSO4
O Quartz (var: Gwindel)SiO2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O ThorianiteThO2
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O StishoviteSiO2
O Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
O SeifertiteSiO2
O Silicate-titanite(Mg0.4Fe0.4Ca0.2)Si2O5
O Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O TridymiteSiO2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
O Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Hercynite (var: Chromohercynite)Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O Chamosite (var: Corundophilite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BerliniteAlPO4
O Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O CavoiteCaV34+O7
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F FluoriteCaF2
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F VilliaumiteNaF
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNaNaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
F CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na NontroniteNa