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Mauritius

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Mauritius

Mauritius
Mauritius Beach and Morne Brabant

Mauritius
Ile aux Cerfs

Mauritius
Geological map of Mauritius

Mauritius
Mauritius Beach and Morne Brabant

Mauritius
Ile aux Cerfs

Mauritius
Geological map of Mauritius

Mauritius
Mauritius Beach and Morne Brabant

Mauritius
Area:2,040 km2
Locality type:Country


An island nation off the southeast coast of the African continent in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 kilometres (560 miles) east of Madagascar.
In addition to the island of Mauritius, the Republic includes the islands of Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Alkali Feldspar'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Apatite'
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Biotite'
'Clays'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
'Glass'
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hercynite'4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Kaersutite'9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Nepheline'9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Zeolite Group9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Glass'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Glass'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
OOxygen
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
SiSilicon
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Haig, H. de Haga (1895) The physical features and geology of Mauritius. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 463–471.
Shand, S.J. (1933) The lavas of Mauritius. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 89, 1–13.
De Chazal, M., de Baissac, J. (1949) Étude sur la géologie de l’Isle Maurice. Proceedings of the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius, 1, 53–72.
Simpson, E.S.W. (1950) The geology and mineral resources of Mauritius. Colonial Geology and Mineral Resources, 1, 217-235.
Walker, F., Nicolaysen, L.O. (1954) The petrology of Mauritius. Colonial Geology and Mineral Resources, 4, 3–43.
McDougall, I., Chamalaun, F.H. (1969) Isotopic dating and geomagnetic polarity studies on volcanic rocks from Mauritius, Indian Ocean. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 80, 1419–1442.
Baxter, A.N. (1972) Magmatic evolution of Mauritius, western Indian Ocean. PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh, 177 pp.
Baxter, A.N. (1975) Petrology of the Older Series lavas from Mauritius, Indian Ocean. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 86, 1449–1458.
Baxter, A.N. (1978) Ultramafic and mafic nodule suites in shield-forming lavas from Mauritius. Journal of the Geological Society, 135, 565–581.
Sheth, H.C., Mahoney, J.J., Baxter, A.N. (2003) Geochemistry of lavas from Mauritius, Indian Ocean: mantle sources and petrogenesis. International Geology Review, 45, 780–797.
Nohda, S., Kaneoka, I., Hanyu, T., Xu, S., Uto, K. (2005) Systematic variation of Sr-, Nd- and Pb-isotopes with time in lavas of Mauritius, Réunion hotspot. Journal of Petrology, 46, 505–522.
Paul, D., White, W.M., Blichert-Toft, J. (2005) Geochemistry of Mauritius and the origin of rejuvenesent volcanism on ocean island volcanoes. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 6; doi:10.1029/2004GC000883.
Paul, D., Kamenetsky, V.S., Hofmann, A.W., Stracke, A. (2007) Compositional diversity among primitive lavas of Mauritius, Indian Ocean: Implications for mantle sources. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 164, 76–94.
Moore, J., White, W.M., Paul, D., Duncan, R.A., Abouchami, W., Galer, S.G. (2011) Evolution of shield-building and rejuvenescent volcanism of Mauritius. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 207, 47–66.
Ashwal, L., Torsvik, T., Horváth, P., Harris, C., Webb, S., Werner, S., Corfu, F. (2016) A mantle-derived origin for Mauritian trachytes. Journal of Petrology, 57, 9, 1645–1676.

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