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Skouriotissa Mine, Skouriotissa, Nicosia District, Cyprusi
Regional Level Types
Skouriotissa MineMine
Skouriotissa- not defined -
Nicosia DistrictDistrict
CyprusCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 5' 46'' North , 32° 53' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.09614,32.89235
GeoHash:G#: swprsmp3z
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Linoú216 (2015)2.4km
Páno Flásou265 (2014)3.1km
Léfka7,835 (2015)4.2km
Korákou521 (2014)6.1km
Evrýchou855 (2018)6.2km


An operating copper-gold-pyrite mine (VHMS-type Cu deposit). Started in 1914 and owned by Cyprus Mines Corp., then by Oxiana Resources NL. Orebody includes the Phoenix deposit.

Mineralization is replacement lenses in andesite pillow lavas.

Impressive piles of slags at Skouriotissa mine are evidence of ancient mining activities.

The north eastern portion of the mine is located in Northern Cyprus. The border area between Northern Cyprus and the republic of Cyprus runs through the mine area and is largely contained within the UN demilitarised zone.


Regions containing this locality

Anatolia PlateTectonic Plate
Island of CyprusIsland

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:129; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Sep, 1947).; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.; Lombardo, Mariasole (2010) Fibroferrite: crystallographic, optical and synthesis experiments. MsC Thesis, Queens University, Ontario, Canada; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 533.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616.; Lombardo, Mariasole (2010) Fibroferrite: crystallographic, optical and synthesis experiments. MsC Thesis, Queens University, Ontario, Canada
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Collection Arliguie M
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Mandarinoite
Formula: Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 64:48.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Desborough, G. A., Smith, K. S., Lowers, H. A., Swayze, G. A., Hammarstrom, J. M., Diehl, S. F., Leinz, R. W. and Driscoll, R. L. (2010): Mineralogical and chemical characteristics of some natural jarosites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 1041-1056.
Oregonite
Formula: Ni2FeAs2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:129; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Sep, 1947).; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.; Lombardo, Mariasole (2010) Fibroferrite: crystallographic, optical and synthesis experiments. MsC Thesis, Queens University, Ontario, Canada; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 64:48.; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.; Lombardo, Mariasole (2010) Fibroferrite: crystallographic, optical and synthesis experiments. MsC Thesis, Queens University, Ontario, Canada; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Dana 7:II: 465,467.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Dana 7:II: 465,467.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Oregonite2.BB.05Ni2FeAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mandarinoite4.JH.15Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Oregonite2.5.4.1Ni2FeAs2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Mandarinoite34.3.4.1Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
O QuartzSiO2
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
NaSodium
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
FeIron
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe OregoniteNi2FeAs2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni OregoniteNi2FeAs2
CuCopper
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OregoniteNi2FeAs2
SeSelenium
Se MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 3143641
Late Cretaceous basalt

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{basalt group}, Minor{basalt tuffite,basalt agglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Mesozoic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3186887
Mesozoic volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Ophiolite complex; mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Sep, 1947).
Dana 7:II: 465,467
Constantinou, G. & Govett, G.J.S. (1973): Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of Cyprus sulfide deposits. Econ. Geol., 68, 843-858.
Rocks & Minerals: 23:129; 64:48
Schiffman, P., Smith, B.M. (1988) Petrology and oxygen isotope geochemistry of a fossil seawater hydrothermal system within the Solea Graben, northern Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus. Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth 93(B5), 4612-4624.
Wells, D. M. (1998) Rare earth element systematics in ancient and modern hydrothermal systems. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Southampton, U.K., 270 pp.

External Links



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