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Woodie Woodie Manganese Mine, Gregory Ranges District, East Pilbara Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 21° 39' 7'' South , 121° 13' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -21.65197,121.22950
GeoHash:G#: qsnhydks5
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Manganese was discovered here in 1950, and small scale mining took place until 1990, when large scale open pit mining of high-grade Mn ores took over.

The mine is located approximately 150 kilometres south-east of Marble Bar, in the southern Gregory Ranges, the last mountain range before the Great Sandy Desert. Consolidated Minerals Ltd operates the mine as a series of open cuts running north-south along the valley floor.

The company has built a bitumen road from Marble Bar to the mine through this scenic area, and is open to the public, although of course the mine is not.

Manganese deposits occur as cavity fill within the Carawine Dolomite, and as sheets/lenses in the Pinjian chert breccia overlying this dolomite. The Carawine Dolomite is a member of the 2600-2450 Ma Hamersley Group, and lies in an area of carbonates, shales and minor cherts that separate the Marra Mamba and Brockman Iron Formations, that hosts mines in the Pilbara to the west. It is believed the manganese has developed by supergene processes during the paleoproterozoic period, at least partially by hydrothermal processes. The largest manganese deposit found at the mine was a pipe like body to 30 metres, and others have been fissures or form cappings on the dolomite, or chert breccia above the dolomite.

The company describes itself as a boutique supplier of high grade manganese. Fifty trucks per day haul ore from the mine, 400 kilometres to Port Hedland. Estimated reserves as at June 2011 were 29.9 MT at 39.9% manganese. The company employs about 700 workers on a fly in/out basis.

For those who want to drive four days to the mine from Perth, lumps of manganese can be picked up at the mine entrance, having literally fallen off the back of a truck. The company should be congratulated for preserving an oasis at the mine entrance.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82. Meyers, J. (2003, June) Woodie Woodie Unveiled. In MINERALS EXPLORATION SEMINAR (p. 31).
'Breccia'
Reference: Jones, S. (2011) Proterozoic deformation in the East Pilbara Craton and tectonic setting of fault-hosted manganese at the Woodie Woodie mine. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 58:6, 639-673. Meyers, J. (2003, June) Woodie Woodie Unveiled. In MINERALS EXPLORATION SEMINAR (p. 31).
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
'Chert'
Reference: Jones, S. (2011) Proterozoic deformation in the East Pilbara Craton and tectonic setting of fault-hosted manganese at the Woodie Woodie mine. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 58:6, 639-673. Meyers, J. (2003, June) Woodie Woodie Unveiled. In MINERALS EXPLORATION SEMINAR (p. 31).
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Dammer, D., McDougall, I., Chivas, A.R. (1999) Timing of Weathering-Induced Alteration of Manganese Deposits in Western Australia: Evidence from K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar Dating. Economic Geology (1999) 94:1, 87-108. Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Jones, S. (2011) Proterozoic deformation in the East Pilbara Craton and tectonic setting of fault-hosted manganese at the Woodie Woodie mine. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 58:6, 639-673. Meyers, J. (2003, June) Woodie Woodie Unveiled. In MINERALS EXPLORATION SEMINAR (p. 31).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
'commodity:Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: its a manganese mine-personal visit to location has confirmed
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Muskett, G.H. Tasker, E. Hobson, R.A. (1963) Australia, C.S.I.R.O. School Mines, Western Australia, Kalgoorlie, Ore-Dressing Invest., Rept. No. 724, 5 pp. Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82. Meyers, J. (2003, June) Woodie Woodie Unveiled. In MINERALS EXPLORATION SEMINAR (p. 31).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
'Regolith'
Reference: Meyers, J. (2003, June) Woodie Woodie Unveiled. In MINERALS EXPLORATION SEMINAR (p. 31).
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Birnessite'4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
'Bixbyite'4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
'Chalcophanite'4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
'Coronadite'4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Cryptomelane'4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hollandite'4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Lithiophorite'4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
'Manganite'4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Nsutite'4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Romanèchite'4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Todorokite'4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Braunite'9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Breccia'-
'Chert'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Regolith'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Breccia'-
'Chert'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Regolith'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SiSilicon
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
PbLead
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 834468
colluvium 38491

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Colluvium and/or residual deposits, sheetwash, talus, scree; boulder, gravel, sand; may include minor alluvial or sand plain deposits, local calcrete and reworked laterite

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Siderian - Neoarchean
2300 - 2800 Ma



ID: 3185974
Archean-Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Precambrian (2300 - 2800 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Hamersley Group

Comments: Hamersley Basin

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dammer, D. McDougall, I. Chivas, A.R. (1999) Timing of Weathering-Induced Alteration of Manganese Deposits in Western Australia: Evidence from K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar Dating. Economic Geology (1999) 94:1, 87-108.
Jones, S. (2011) Proterozoic deformation in the East Pilbara Craton and tectonic setting of fault-hosted manganese at the Woodie Woodie mine. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 58:6, 639-673.
Jones, S., McNaughton, N.J., Grguric, B. (2013) Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, 50, 52-82.

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