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Emperor Mine, Vatukoula, Tavua Gold Field, Viti Levu, Fiji

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 17° 30' 24'' South , 177° 51' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -17.50667,177.85333
Köppen climate type:Af : Tropical rainforest climate

Au(-Ag) mine. Epithermal vein deposits within the Tavua Caldera. Opened 1933. Located at the northern tip of the main Island of Viti Levu, in the Nakaudavadra Mountains about 100km NW of Suva and 8km inland from the coast (Smith et al. 2008).

The mine has over the years, sparingly produced some exceptional specimens of various gold tellurides. The geology appears to be similar to that of Cripple Creek. When Rock Currier visited the mine in 1973, walking and sliding down through the stopes he saw a number of refrigerator size open pockets lined with pyramidal quartz crystals with no other obvious mineralization. He got some specimens from the mine office and had the distinct feeling that over the years if someone had been looking for specimens, a great many would have been found. [Rock Currier 2012]

Mineral List

46 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

0 - 66 Ma

ID: 1381806
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Comments: May include hypabyssal intrusions.

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mining Annual Review (1985) 379 (in part).
Ahmad, M., Solomon, M., and Walshe, J.L (1987) Mineralogical and geochemical studies of the Emperor gold telluride deposit, Fiji. Economic Geology 82, 345-370.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 1.
Pals, D.W., and Spry, P.G. (2003) Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307. DOI 10.1007/s00710-003-0013-5
Pals, D.W., Spry, P.G., and Stephen Chryssoulis (2003) Invisible Gold and Tellurium in Arsenic-Rich Pyrite from the Emperor Gold Deposit, Fiji: Implications for Gold Distribution and Deposition. Economic Geology 98, 479-493.
Smith, B., Smith, C., and Wilson, W.E. (2008) The Emperor Mine, Vatukoula, Viti Levu, Fiji. Mineralogical Record 39: 397-301.
Birch, W.D. (2015) A note on kolbeckite from the Emperor mine, Viti Levu, Fiji. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 91-93.

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