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Maria Catalina mine, Pampa Larga district, Tierra Amarilla, Copiapó Province, Atacama Region, Chile

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 36' 15'' South , 70° 10' 1'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -27.60417,-70.16694
GeoHash:G#: 67n4gqcfp
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Maria Catalina


A Cu-As orebody.
NOTE: The type description of Rruffite lists wrong coordinates for this locality. They plot at the El Abra Mine in El Loa Province.
Vein deposit (0.7x300m) in hornfels.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: According to Dr. Tony Kampf, mineral has been confirmed by PXRD analysis; Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal XRD); T. Djordjević and U. Kolitsch (2008): Conichalcite revisited: Structural and chemical characterisation of a sample from the Maria Catalina mine, Copiapó Province, Chile. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 331.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: collected and analysed by french mineralogist Remy Phillippe
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch & Tamara Djordjevic (single-crystal XRD and EPMA); http://rruff.info/all/R070430; T. Djordjević and U. Kolitsch (2008): Conichalcite revisited: Structural and chemical characterisation of a sample from the Maria Catalina mine, Copiapó Province, Chile. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 331.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Later turned out to be a new, kröhnkite-related Ca-Cu-arsenate (IMA-proposal in prep. by the group of Bob Downs).
Reference: T. Djordjević and U. Kolitsch (2008): Conichalcite revisited: Structural and chemical characterisation of a sample from the Maria Catalina mine, Copiapó Province, Chile. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 331.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (powder XRD); T. Djordjević and U. Kolitsch (2008): Conichalcite revisited: Structural and chemical characterisation of a sample from the Maria Catalina mine, Copiapó Province, Chile. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 331.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: collected and analysed by french mineralogist Remy Phillippe
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Jesse Crawford collection (mindat foto); Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Rruffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour: Pale blue
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Arsenic'1.CA.05As
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Stibnite'2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Arsenolite'4.CB.50As2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Kröhnkite' ?7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Wulfenite'7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Barahonaite-(Al)'8.CH.60(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
'Conichalcite'8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Duftite'8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Erythrite'8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Lavendulan'8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
'Mansfieldite'8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
'Metazeunerite'8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mixite'8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Pharmacoalumite'8.DK.12KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
'Philipsbornite'8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
'Phosphohedyphane'8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Rruffite' (TL)8.CG.10Ca2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Talmessite'8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite ?29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Rruffite (TL)40.2.4.5Ca2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Talmessite40.2.2.5Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Mansfieldite40.4.1.4AlAsO4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)4·xH2O
Barahonaite-(Al)40.6.4.1(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsbornite42.7.4.2PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacoalumite42.8.1b.1KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
H PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
O PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
NaSodium
Na Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Al MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
Al PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Al PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S StibniteSb2S3
ClChlorine
Cl Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Ca RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As Barahonaite-(Al)(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
As PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BiBismuth
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
UUranium
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Tertiary - Cretaceous
2.588 - 145 Ma



ID: 3191327
Mesozoic-Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (2.588 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist: 49: 877-884.


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