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Silbak Premier Mine, Stewart, Skeena Mining Division, British Columbia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Silbak Premier MineMine
Stewart- not defined -
Skeena Mining DivisionDivision
British ColumbiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 56° 1' 59'' North , 130° 1' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 56.03333,-130.01667
GeoHash:G#: c1gwc2scb
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Stewart496 (2013)11.0km


A gold-silver & minor lead-zinc mine producing 2.5 million oz. Ag/year (circa 1930). Ten year production to 1930 = > 1 million oz Au & 26 million oz. Ag.

An amalgamation of the Premier and Silbak mines, 700-2500 feet in elevation on the west slope of Bear River Ridge, 0.5 miles north of Alcan highway, 16 miles from Stewart.

The Silbak Premier mine, one of British Columbia’s largest epithermal silver-gold deposits, is hosted by Early Jurassic Unuk River Formation andesitic to dacitic volcanic rocks (Panteleyev 1991). Ore minerals include pyrite, sphalerite, and galena with minor tetrahedrite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, and local pyrrhotite. Bonanza ore contains native gold, electrum, pyrargyrite, polybasite, argentite, and native silver. Gangue minerals are quartz, potassium feldspar, chlorite, carbonates, and others.

The first gold claims that were to become the Premier mine were staked in 1910. Small-scale development began in 1918, accelerated, and by the end of 1935 (as the Premier mine) produced more than 1.4 million troy ounces of gold (Cooke 1946). The Premier property was amalgamated with the British Columbia Silver and Sibakwe properties in 1936 to become the Silbak-Premier mine, which continued operation until 1953. Since then the mine has seen sporadic minor production and exploration work.

Small crystals of electrum are known to occur in the massive polybasite-acanthite bonanza ore. These tend to occur as platy fissure in fillings and crude microcrystals. Steel wool-like aggregates of wirelike gold crystals in quartz are also known from this mine.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Mauthner, M., Francis, C.A. (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22. UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais; Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Cupropolybasite (TL)
Formula: [Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Mauthner, M., Francis, C.A. (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:77.; Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Mauthner, M., Francis, C.A. (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22. UTSON, S. (1936) SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia. Bindi L, Evain M, Spry, P.G., Tait, K.T., Menchetti, S. (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 641-650. .
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Personal collection of John Dagenais
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; UTSON, S. (1936). SILVER-BASE METAL RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES. MS Thesis University of British Columbia; Bindi L, Evain M, Spry P G, Tait K T, Menchetti S (2007) Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearcite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cupropolybasite (TL)2.GB.15[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Cupropolybasite (TL)3.1.7.3[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
AlAluminium
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SSulfur
S Cupropolybasite[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Cupropolybasite[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag Cupropolybasite[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SbAntimony
Sb Cupropolybasite[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 1570922
Canadian areas within quadrangles, southeast Alaska

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Wilson, F.H., Hults, C.P., Mull, C.G, and Karl, S.M. (compilers). Geologic map of Alaska. doi: 10.3133/sim3340. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3340, pamphlet 196. [21]

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 670660
Hazelton Group - Unuk River Formation

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Unuk River Formation

Description: Green and grey intermediate tuffs and flows, feldspar and hornblende phyric; local thick interbed of fine-granied sedimentary rocks; minor conglomerate and limestone (Hettangian to Sinemurian)

Comments: D. MacIntyre, C. Ash and J. Britton, 1994, Geological Compilation of the Nass-Skeena Area, OF 1994-14, BCGS

Lithology: Andesitic volcanic rocks

Reference: B.C. Geological Survey. British Columbia Digital Geology. [3]

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3408736
Hazelton Group - Unuk River Formation

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Unuk River Formation

Description: Green and grey intermediate tuffs and flows, feldspar and hornblende phyric; local thick interbed of fine-granied sedimentary rocks; minor conglomerate and limestone (Hettangian to Sinemurian)

Comments: Stikinia terrane

Lithology: Andesitic volcanic rocks

Reference: Cui, Y., Miller, D., Schiarizza, P., and Diakow, L.J. British Columbia digital geology. British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, British Columbia Geological Survey Open File 2017-8. [205]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3191127
Mesozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cooke, H.C. (1946) Canadian lode gold areas: Summary account. Canada Department of Mines and Resources, Economic Geology Series, No.15, 86 pages.
Rocks & Minerals: 6:77.
Panteleyev, A. (1991) Gold in the Canadian Cordillera - A focus on epithermal and deeper environments. In Ore deposits, tectonics and metallogeny in the Canadian Cordillera. British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources paper 1991-4.
Mauthner, M., Francis, C.A. (2006) Gold Crystal localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals, 81:1, 14-22, DOI: 10.3200/RMIN.81.1.14-22.
Brown, D.A. (1981) Geological setting of the volcanic-hosted Silbak Premier Mine, Northwestern British Columbia (104 A/4, B1). BSc thesis, Carleton Univeristy, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 216 pages.


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