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Borborema mineral province, Paraíba, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Borborema mineral provinceProvince
ParaíbaState
BrazilCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude:
7° South , 36° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~238km
Locality type:


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

109 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Witzke, T., Steins, M., Doering, T., Schuckmann, W., Wegner, R., Pöllmann, H. (2011): Fluornatromicrolite, (Na,Ca,Bi)2Ta2O6F, a new mineral from Quixaba, Paraíba, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1105-1110; Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
'Apatite var. Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: (KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Beryl var. Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Beryl var. Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Specimen in the collection of Richard Gaines [Rock Currier 2010]
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.; Beurlen, H., Thomas, R., Melgarejo, J. C., Da Silva, J. M. R., Rhede, D., Soares, D. R., & Da Silva, M. R. (2013). Chrysoberyl-sillimanite association from the Roncadeira pegmatite, Borborema Province, Brazil: implications for gemstone exploration. Journal of GEOsciences, 58(2), 79-90.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine , G.B. , 1973, 39, pp. 571-576.
'Columbite Group'
Reference: 'Michael Sommers' Collection
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection;
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Dendrites in dark green tourmaline
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 114).
Cordierite var. Iolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 114).
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Cassedanne, J. P., Barreto da Silva Hen, L. (1991): Strontian crandallite from the Alto Benedito pegmatite, Paraiba, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 22, 183-185.
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Edenite
Formula: NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Description: occurs in skarns in marble in edenite-pargasite series.
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: Mainly blue
Reference: Witzke, T., Steins, M., Doering, T., Schuckmann, W., Wegner, R., Pöllmann, H. (2011): Fluornatromicrolite, (Na,Ca,Bi)2Ta2O6F, a new mineral from Quixaba, Paraíba, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1105-1110; Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.; Scares, D. R., Ferreira, A. C. M., da Silva, R. R., & Ferreira, V. P. (2008). Alkali-Deficient elbaite from pegmatites of the serido region, Borborema Province, Ne Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 30(2).
Elbaite var. Copper-bearing Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2002): Cuprian elbaite from the Batalha Mine, Paraíba, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 33: 127-137; de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite ?
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: octahedra
Colour: green
Description: Sauer (1982): "The Salgadinho pegmatite near Santa Luzia, state of Paraíba, has beautiful transparent green octahedral [fluorite] crystals.
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 112).
Fluornatromicrolite (TL)
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Reference: Witzke, T., Steins, M., Doering, T., Schuckmann, W., Wegner, R., Pöllmann, H. (2011): Fluornatromicrolite, (Na,Ca,Bi)2Ta2O6F, a new mineral from Quixaba, Paraíba, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1105-1110
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Reference: Gems & Gemology Magazine Fall 2005 article, volume 41, issue 3.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: White, J.S. (1981): Barian Goyazite from Brazil. Mineralogical Record 12 : 379 + [MinRec 22:183]
Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite
Formula: (Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: White, J.S. (1981): Barian Goyazite from Brazil. Mineralogical Record 12 : 379 + [MinRec 22:183]
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Grunerite
Formula: ◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Hornblende'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Description: Humite-clinohumite partly replaces olivine crystals in a Mg-skarn.
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Hureaulite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit April 2008
'Limonite'
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Cornejo, C. and Bartorelli, A. (2009): Minerals & precious stones of Brazil. Solaris Cultural Publications, São Paulo, Brazil, 704 pp.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
'Monazite'
Formula: REE(PO4)
Reference: Rafael Hernandes Corrêa-Silva collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Natrotantite
Formula: Na2Ta4O11
Reference: Pereira das Neves, P. S, and Atencio, D. (2018) Enciclopedia dos Minerais do Brasil v. 6: Tectossilicatos, p. 279, Ed. da Ulbra. Canaos, Brazil.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Pargasite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E., & Castro, C. D. (2005). Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province, Northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(1), 169-182
'Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E., & Castro, C. D. (2005). Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province, Northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(1), 169-182
'Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: Named as plumbopyrochlore by Beurlen et al. (2005).
Reference: Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E. & Castro, C. (2005): Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province,northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 77: 169-182; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Pyrolusite ?
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 108).
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Pereira das Neves, P. S, and Atencio, D. (2018) Enciclopedia dos Minerais do Brasil v. 6: Tectossilicatos, p. 279, Ed. da Ulbra. Canaos, Brazil.
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 104).
Quartz var. Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
Quartz var. Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 98).
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Rutile var. Niobium-bearing Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Rutile var. Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4Ta3O13(OH)
Reference: Pereira das Neves, P. S, and Atencio, D. (2018) Enciclopedia dos Minerais do Brasil v. 6: Tectossilicatos, p. 279, Ed. da Ulbra. Canaos, Brazil.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Tantalaeschynite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Rocks&Min.(Jan.2000)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit April 2008
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Pereira das Neves, P. S, and Atencio, D. (2018) Enciclopedia dos Minerais do Brasil v. 6: Tectossilicatos, p. 279, Ed. da Ulbra. Canaos, Brazil.
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Thorite var. Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
'Tourmaline var. Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Tschermakite
Formula: ◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
'Wad'
Formula: Mn, O, H
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluornatromicrolite (TL)4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Natrotantite4.DJ.05Na2Ta4O11
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var. Niobium-bearing Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
var. Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Simpsonite4.DC.10Al4Ta3O13(OH)
Tantalaeschynite-(Y) (TL)4.DF.05Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10Fe2+Ta2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite ?8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var. Barium-bearing Goyazite8.BL.10(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10Mn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
var. Iolite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var. Copper-bearing Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gilalite9.HE.05Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var. Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var. Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-
'Monazite'-REE(PO4)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var. Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-Mn, O, H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var. Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Tantalaeschynite-(Y) (TL)8.3.6.4Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1Fe2+Ta2O6
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Natrotantite8.6.2.2Na2Ta4O11
Miscellaneous
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4Ta3O13(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1Mn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite ?41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Gilalite78.4.4.1Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var. Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var. Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Cordierite
var. Iolite
-(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Crandallite
var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite
-(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Elbaite
var. Copper-bearing Elbaite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Ferro-hornblende-◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite-◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluornatromicrolite (TL)-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goyazite
var. Barium-bearing Goyazite
-(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Grunerite-◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-
Magnesio-hornblende-◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
'Monazite'-REE(PO4)
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var. Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group
var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Agate
-SiO2
var. Citrine-SiO2
var. Rose Quartz-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rutile
var. Niobium-bearing Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Scapolite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorite
var. Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var. Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Wad'-Mn, O, H
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SimpsoniteAl4Ta3O13(OH)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H HureauliteMn52+(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
H Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
H Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
H Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
H EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
H Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
H HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
H Grunerite◻{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H WadMn, O, H
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. GosheniteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline var. VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
OOxygen
O Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
O Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
O Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O SimpsoniteAl4Ta3O13(OH)
O NatrotantiteNa2Ta4O11
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O HureauliteMn52+(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O UraniniteUO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl var. GosheniteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O CassiteriteSnO2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Rutile var. Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Quartz var. CitrineSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Rutile var. Niobium-bearing Rutile(Ti,Nb)O2
O Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
O Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
O Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
O Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
O EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
O HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
O Grunerite◻{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O MonaziteREE(PO4)
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
O Thorite var. OrangiteTh(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline var. VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O Quartz var. Rose QuartzSiO2
O Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O WadMn, O, H
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
NaSodium
Na Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Na NatrotantiteNa2Ta4O11
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Na EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Na Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Na HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Na BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Na Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Na Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Mg EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al SimpsoniteAl4Ta3O13(OH)
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl var. GosheniteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Al Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Al Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Al EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Al HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl var. GosheniteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Quartz var. CitrineSiO2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Si Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Si Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Si Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Si EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Si HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Si Grunerite◻{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Thorite var. OrangiteTh(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Si Quartz var. Rose QuartzSiO2
Si Elbaite var. Copper-bearing ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P HureauliteMn52+(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P MonaziteREE(PO4)
P BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
P CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ca Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Ca Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ca Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Ca EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Ca Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Ca HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
TiTitanium
Ti Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Ti Rutile var. Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Rutile var. Niobium-bearing Rutile(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
MnManganese
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn HureauliteMn52+(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn WadMn, O, H
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Rutile var. Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Fe Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Fe Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe42+Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Fe HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Fe Grunerite◻{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Fe Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Crandallite var. Strontium-bearing Crandallite(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Sr Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Rutile var. Niobium-bearing Rutile(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
BaBarium
Ba Goyazite var. Barium-bearing Goyazite(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
CeCerium
Ce Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Ta Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta SimpsoniteAl4Ta3O13(OH)
Ta NatrotantiteNa2Ta4O11
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Rutile var. Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th Thorite var. OrangiteTh(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
U Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Johnston, W.D., Jr. (1945) Beryl-tantalite pegmatites of northeastern Brazil. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 56: 1015-1070.
Rolff, P.A.M.A. (1946) Minerais dos pegmatitos da Borborema. DNPM/DFPM: 78: 24-76.
Ebert, H. and Claro, R. (1970) The Precambrian geology of the "Borborema" belt (states of Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte, northeastern Brazil) and the origin of its mineral provinces. Geol. Rundschau: 59: 1292-1326.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F. and Salim, J. (1980) Reavaliaçõ dos conceitos estratigraficos na região do Seridó (RN/PB). Mineralogy and Metallurgy: 80: 16-28.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F., Legrand, J.M., and McReath, I. (1981) "Estratigrafia" das rochas granitóides na região do Seridó (Pb-RN) com base em critérios estruturais. Rev. Brasil. Geocienc.: 11: 50-57.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F. (1984) Geologia da região do Seridó: reavaliaçõ de dados. In: 11th. Simp. Geol. Nordeste. Soc. Bras. Geol.: 278-296.
Agrawai, V.N. (1986) Structural evidence for an early episode of pegmatite emplacement in the Seridó Group. In: 12th. Simp. Geol. Nordeste. Soc. Brasil Geol.: 282-289 (abstract).
Lima, E.S. (1986) Metamorphism and tectonic evolution in the Seridó region, northeastern Brazil. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
Corsini, M.,, Vauchez, A., Archanjo, C.J., and Jardim de Sá, E.F. (1991) Strain transfer at continental scale from a transcurrent shear zone to a transdepressional fold belt: the Patos-Seridó System, northeastern Brazil. Geology: 19: 586-589.
Lima, E.S. (1992) Metamorphic conditions in the Seridó region of northeastern Brazil during the Brasiliano cycle (Late Proterozoic). J.S. Am. Earth Sci.: 5: 265-273.
Da Silva, M.R.R. (1993) Petrographical and Geochemical Investigations of pegmatites in the Boroborema Province of northeastern Brazil. Ph.D. thesis, University of München, München, Germany.
Beurlen, H. (1995) The mineral resources of the Borborema Province in northeastern Brazil and its sedimentary cover: a review: J.S. Am. Earth Sci.: 8: 365-376.
Da Silva, M.R.R., Höll, R., and Beurlen, H. (1995) Borborema pegmatitic province: geological and geochemical charactereistics. J.S. Am. Earth Sci.: 8: 355-364.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F., Fuck, R.A., Macedo, M.H.F., Pecaut, J.J., Kawashita, K., Souza, Z.S., and Bertrand, J.M. (1995) Pre-Brasiliano orogenic evolution in the Seridó Belt, NE Brazil: conflicting geochronological and structural data. Rev. Brasil. Geosci.: 25: 307-314.
Brito Neves, B.B., Dos Santos, E.J., and Van Schmus, W.R. (2000) Tectonic history of the Boroborema Province, northeastern Brazil. In: Tectonic Evolution of South America (U. Cordani, E.J. Milani, A Thomas Filho & D.A. Campos, editors). Proceedings of the International Geological Congress, 31st. (Rio de Janeiro: 151-182.
Araújo, M.N.C., Alves da Silva, F.C., and Jardim de Sà, E.F. (2001) Pegmatite emplacement in the Seridó Belt, northeastern Brazil: late stage kinematics of the Brasiliano oroge n Gondwana Res.: 4(1): 75-85.
Baumgartner, R. (2001) Genèse des pegmatites à colombo-tantalite et béryl de la province pegmatique Seridó (Rio Grande do Norte, Brésil). Thèse de maîtríse, University de Genève, Genève, Suisse.
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., and De Castro, C. (2001) Fluid inclusion microthermometry in Be-Ta-(Li-Sn)-bearing pegmatites from the Boroborema Province, northeast Brazil. Chem. Geol.: 173: 107-123.
Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E. & Castro, C. (2005): Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic
Province,northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 77:
169-182
Baumgartner, R., Romer, R.L., Moritz, R., Sallet, R., and Chiaradia, M. (2006) Columbite-tantalite-bearing granitic pegmatites from the Seridó belt, northeastern Brazil: Genetic constraints from U=Pb dating and Pb isotopes. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 69-86.
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Nb–Ta–(Ti–Sn) oxide mineral chemistry as tracer of rare element granitic pegmatite fractionation in the Borborema Province, Northeastern Brazil. Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): W–Au skarns in the Neo-Proterozoic Seridó Mobile Belt, Borborema Province in northeastern Brazil: an overview with emphasis on the Bonfim deposit. Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.

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