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Borborema mineral province, Paraíba, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Borborema mineral provinceProvince
ParaíbaState
BrazilCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
6° South , 36° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~34km
Locality type:


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

120 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Witzke, T., Steins, M., Doering, T., Schuckmann, W., Wegner, R., Pöllmann, H. (2011): Fluornatromicrolite, (Na,Ca,Bi)2Ta2O6F, a new mineral from Quixaba, Paraíba, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1105-1110; Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Arrojadite-(KFe) (TL)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 680; Rocks & Minerals (Jan.2000).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Knut Eldjarn collection
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Reference: R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Colquiriite
Formula: CaLi[AlF6]
Reference: R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite Group'
Reference: 'Michael Sommers' Collection
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Fernando Brederodes Collection;
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cordierite var: Iolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 114).
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crandallite var: Strontian Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Cassedanne, J. P., Barreto da Silva Hen, L. (1991): Strontian crandallite from the Alto Benedito pegmatite, Paraiba, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 22, 183-185.
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: occurs in skarns in marble in edenite-pargasite series.
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite var: Cuprian Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2002): Cuprian elbaite from the Batalha Mine, Paraíba, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 33: 127-137; de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ferrowodginite
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Beurlen, H., Thomas, R., Melgarejo, J. C., Da Silva, J. M. R., Rhede, D., Soares, D. R., & Da Silva, M. R. (2013). Chrysoberyl-sillimanite association from the Roncadeira pegmatite, Borborema Province, Brazil: implications for gemstone exploration. Journal of GEOsciences, 58(2), 79-90.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite ?
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluornatromicrolite (TL)
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Reference: Witzke, T., Steins, M., Doering, T., Schuckmann, W., Wegner, R., Pöllmann, H. (2011): Fluornatromicrolite, (Na,Ca,Bi)2Ta2O6F, a new mineral from Quixaba, Paraíba, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1105-1110
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Reference: Gems & Gemology Magazine Fall 2005 article, volume 41, issue 3.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: White, J.S. (1981): Barian Goyazite from Brazil. Mineralogical Record 12 : 379 + [MinRec 22:183]
Goyazite var: Barian Goyazite
Formula: (Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: White, J.S. (1981): Barian Goyazite from Brazil. Mineralogical Record 12 : 379 + [MinRec 22:183]
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Hornblende'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Description: Humite-clinohumite partly replaces olivine crystals in a Mg-skarn.
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Beurlen, H., Thomas, R., Melgarejo, J. C., Da Silva, J. M. R., Rhede, D., Soares, D. R., & Da Silva, M. R. (2013). Chrysoberyl-sillimanite association from the Roncadeira pegmatite, Borborema Province, Brazil: implications for gemstone exploration. Journal of GEOsciences, 58(2), 79-90.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Lepidolite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Cornejo, C. and Bartorelli, A. (2009): Minerals & precious stones of Brazil. Solaris Cultural Publications, São Paulo, Brazil, 704 pp.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Rafael Hernandes Corrêa-Silva collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Pachnolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: ACM Ferreira et al; VESUVIANITA VIOLETA GEMOLÓGICA DO SKARN DE UMBUZEIRO DOCE, PROVÍNCIA SHEELITÍFERA DA BORBOREMA, NE DO BRASIL. Estudos Geológicos V.24(1),2014
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E. & Castro, C. (2005): Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province,northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 77: 169-182; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: Named as plumbopyrochlore by Beurlen et al. (2005).
Reference: Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E. & Castro, C. (2005): Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province,northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 77: 169-182; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Pyrolusite ?
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 104).
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 98).
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
'Scapolite'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Serrabrancaite (TL)
Formula: MnPO4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(2000) 85, 847-849
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Beurlen, H., Thomas, R., Melgarejo, J. C., Da Silva, J. M. R., Rhede, D., Soares, D. R., & Da Silva, M. R. (2013). Chrysoberyl-sillimanite association from the Roncadeira pegmatite, Borborema Province, Brazil: implications for gemstone exploration. Journal of GEOsciences, 58(2), 79-90.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Tantalaeschynite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Rocks&Min.(Jan.2000)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ferreira, A., Ferreira, V. P., Soares, D. R., & Vilarroel-Leo, H. S. (2005). Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(4), 729-743.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E., & Castro, C. D. (2005). Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province, Northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(1), 169-182
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Wad'
Reference: [MinRec 22:183]
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Sergio Varvello collection
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Carlhintzeite3.CB.45Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Colquiriite3.CB.20CaLi[AlF6]
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Pachnolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Ferrowodginite4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluornatromicrolite (TL)4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Tantalaeschynite-(Y) (TL)4.DF.05Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Arrojadite-(KFe) (TL)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Strontian Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite ?8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Barian Goyazite8.BL.10(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Serrabrancaite (TL)8.CB.05MnPO4 · H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
var: Iolite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Cuprian Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gilalite9.HE.05Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Ferrowodginite8.1.8.2Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Tantalaeschynite-(Y) (TL)8.3.6.4Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Carlhintzeite11.6.7.1Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Colquiriite11.6.3.1CaLi[AlF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Pachnolite11.6.5.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Saléeite40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe) (TL)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite ?41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Gilalite78.4.4.1Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Cordierite
var: Iolite
-(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Crandallite
var: Strontian Crandallite
-(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Elbaite
var: Cuprian Elbaite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluornatromicrolite (TL)-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goyazite
var: Barian Goyazite
-(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Scapolite'-
Serrabrancaite (TL)-MnPO4 · H2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Wad'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H Goyazite (var: Barian Goyazite)(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
H BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
LiLithium
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
Li TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
BeBeryllium
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
OOxygen
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
O Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
O Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O Goyazite (var: Barian Goyazite)(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O UraniniteUO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
O BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O RutileTiO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
F CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2O
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
NaSodium
Na Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Na Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Goyazite (var: Barian Goyazite)(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
Al CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Elbaite (var: Cuprian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
PPhosphorus
P Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
P SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P Goyazite (var: Barian Goyazite)(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
P BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
KPotassium
K Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]
Ca CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2O
Ca PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
TiTitanium
Ti Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Fe BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Sr Goyazite (var: Barian Goyazite)(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
BaBarium
Ba Goyazite (var: Barian Goyazite)(Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
Ta Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Bi BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
ThThorium
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Proterozoic : 2500 Ma to 575 ± 16 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Zircon (youngest age)575 ± 16 MaSerra Branca pegmatite, Pedra Lavrada, Borborema mineral province, Paraíba, Brazil
    
   
  Paleoproterozoic
   Siderian
ⓘ Zircon (oldest age)2500 MaSerra Branca pegmatite, Pedra Lavrada, Borborema mineral province, Paraíba, Brazil

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Johnston, W.D., Jr. (1945) Beryl-tantalite pegmatites of northeastern Brazil. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 56: 1015-1070.
Rolff, P.A.M.A. (1946) Minerais dos pegmatitos da Borborema. DNPM/DFPM: 78: 24-76.
Ebert, H. and Claro, R. (1970) The Precambrian geology of the "Borborema" belt (states of Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte, northeastern Brazil) and the origin of its mineral provinces. Geol. Rundschau: 59: 1292-1326.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F. and Salim, J. (1980) Reavaliaçõ dos conceitos estratigraficos na região do Seridó (RN/PB). Mineralogy and Metallurgy: 80: 16-28.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F., Legrand, J.M., and McReath, I. (1981) "Estratigrafia" das rochas granitóides na região do Seridó (Pb-RN) com base em critérios estruturais. Rev. Brasil. Geocienc.: 11: 50-57.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F. (1984) Geologia da região do Seridó: reavaliaçõ de dados. In: 11th. Simp. Geol. Nordeste. Soc. Bras. Geol.: 278-296.
Agrawai, V.N. (1986) Structural evidence for an early episode of pegmatite emplacement in the Seridó Group. In: 12th. Simp. Geol. Nordeste. Soc. Brasil Geol.: 282-289 (abstract).
Lima, E.S. (1986) Metamorphism and tectonic evolution in the Seridó region, northeastern Brazil. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
Corsini, M.,, Vauchez, A., Archanjo, C.J., and Jardim de Sá, E.F. (1991) Strain transfer at continental scale from a transcurrent shear zone to a transdepressional fold belt: the Patos-Seridó System, northeastern Brazil. Geology: 19: 586-589.
Lima, E.S. (1992) Metamorphic conditions in the Seridó region of northeastern Brazil during the Brasiliano cycle (Late Proterozoic). J.S. Am. Earth Sci.: 5: 265-273.
Da Silva, M.R.R. (1993) Petrographical and Geochemical Investigations of pegmatites in the Boroborema Province of northeastern Brazil. Ph.D. thesis, University of München, München, Germany.
Beurlen, H. (1995) The mineral resources of the Borborema Province in northeastern Brazil and its sedimentary cover: a review: J.S. Am. Earth Sci.: 8: 365-376.
Da Silva, M.R.R., Höll, R., and Beurlen, H. (1995) Borborema pegmatitic province: geological and geochemical charactereistics. J.S. Am. Earth Sci.: 8: 355-364.
Jardim, De Sá, E.F., Fuck, R.A., Macedo, M.H.F., Pecaut, J.J., Kawashita, K., Souza, Z.S., and Bertrand, J.M. (1995) Pre-Brasiliano orogenic evolution in the Seridó Belt, NE Brazil: conflicting geochronological and structural data. Rev. Brasil. Geosci.: 25: 307-314.
Brito Neves, B.B., Dos Santos, E.J., and Van Schmus, W.R. (2000) Tectonic history of the Boroborema Province, northeastern Brazil. In: Tectonic Evolution of South America (U. Cordani, E.J. Milani, A Thomas Filho & D.A. Campos, editors). Proceedings of the International Geological Congress, 31st. (Rio de Janeiro: 151-182.
Araújo, M.N.C., Alves da Silva, F.C., and Jardim de Sà, E.F. (2001) Pegmatite emplacement in the Seridó Belt, northeastern Brazil: late stage kinematics of the Brasiliano oroge n Gondwana Res.: 4(1): 75-85.
Baumgartner, R. (2001) Genèse des pegmatites à colombo-tantalite et béryl de la province pegmatique Seridó (Rio Grande do Norte, Brésil). Thèse de maîtríse, University de Genève, Genève, Suisse.
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., and De Castro, C. (2001) Fluid inclusion microthermometry in Be-Ta-(Li-Sn)-bearing pegmatites from the Boroborema Province, northeast Brazil. Chem. Geol.: 173: 107-123.
Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E. & Castro, C. (2005): Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic
Province,northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 77:
169-182
Baumgartner, R., Romer, R.L., Moritz, R., Sallet, R., and Chiaradia, M. (2006) Columbite-tantalite-bearing granitic pegmatites from the Seridó belt, northeastern Brazil: Genetic constraints from U=Pb dating and Pb isotopes. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 69-86.
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Nb–Ta–(Ti–Sn) oxide mineral chemistry as tracer of rare element granitic pegmatite fractionation in the Borborema Province, Northeastern Brazil. Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): W–Au skarns in the Neo-Proterozoic Seridó Mobile Belt, Borborema Province in northeastern Brazil: an overview with emphasis on the Bonfim deposit. Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Ref.:

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

South AmericaContinent
South America PlateTectonic Plate

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