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El Peñón Mine, Escondida, El Loa Province, Antofagasta, Chilei
Regional Level Types
El Peñón MineMine
Escondida- not defined -
El Loa ProvinceProvince
AntofagastaRegion
ChileCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
24° 19' 59'' South , 69° 10' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Age:
53 to 52 Ma
Geologic Time:
Dating method:
40Ar/39Ar age determinations of vein adularia
Reference for age:
WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckl
Köppen climate type:


Low-sulphidation epithermal Au-Ag deposit. Six epithermal veins that contain measured, indicated, and inferred resources of 8.4 million metric tonnes ore at 14 g/t Au and 234 g/t Ag.

Regions containing this locality

South America PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent
Atacama Desert, ChileDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Leucoxene
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.; WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
'Wad'
Reference: WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Leucoxene-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SbAntimony
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3186157
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
WARREN, I., ZULUAGA, J.I., ROBBINS, C.H., WULFTANGE, W.H., & SIMMONS, S.F. (2004) Geology and geochemistry of epithermal Au-Ag mineralization in the El Pe˜nódistrict, northern Chile. Society of Economic Geologists Special
Publication 11, 113–139.
WARREN, I. (2005) Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the El Pe˜nón epithermal Au-Ag deposit, northern Chile: Characteristics of a bonanza-grade deposit and techniques for exploration. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New Zealand, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, 428 pp.
Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): 40Ar/39Ar and K–Ar geochronology of magmatic and hydrothermal events in a classic low-suphidation epithermal bonanza deposit: El Peñon, northern Chile. Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
WARREN, I., ARCHIBALD, D.A., & SIMMONS, S.F. (2008) Geochronology of Epithermal Au-Ag mineralization, magmatic-hydrothermal alteration, and supergene weathering in the El Pe˜non district, northern Chile. Economic Geology 103, 851–864.

External Links



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