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Saint-Paul Mine, Welkenraedt, Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district, Verviers, Liège, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Saint-Paul MineMine
Welkenraedt- not defined -
Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining districtMining District
Verviers- not defined -
LiègeProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 39' 35'' North , 5° 56' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Welkenraedt9,006 (2012)1.6km
Baelen3,928 (2011)3.7km
Lontzen4,862 (2011)4.8km
Limbourg5,612 (2018)5.3km
Eupen18,029 (2011)7.2km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Saint-Paul, Welkenraedt, Plombières-Vieille Montagne (Plombières-Altenberg) District, Verviers, Liège Province, Belgium


The Saint-Paul mine in Welkenraedt.

The Saint-Paul zinc mine was part of the Altenberg concession with head office in Kelmis.
The mine was part of the Belgian zinc group Vieille Montagne.



The mine is located on the Welkenraedt fault line from the NW to the SE.
The following mines are located on this fault line: Wilcour, Nouvelle Espérance, St-Paul, La Bruyère, and Heggelsbruck.
Witter and Pandour lay on a small transverse breach in the SW direction.

The St-Paul mine was opened in 1849 and was the largest mine of this cluster and was also the most important on this fault line. The other mines were more or less expansions. St-Paul mine accounted for 150,000 tons of calamine, 25,000 tons of schalenblende and 9,000 tons of galena.
St-Paul was active until 1884. La Bruyère, which was connected underground with St-Paul, continued to work for a few years longer.
Pandour went into service when the other mines closed and was active from 1885 until 1902.

Also "Nouvelle Espérance, Sainte-Barbe and Saint-Lambert".
From Dejonghe et al: "À ces endroits, les differents gîtes exploités portent les noms de Nouvelle Esperance, Sainte-Barbe et Saint-Lambert".

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
'Strickblende'
Formula: PbS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
'Wad'
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Strickblende'-PbS
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS
'Strickblende'-PbS
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
AlAluminium
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S AnglesitePbSO4
S StrickblendePbS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb StrickblendePbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Visean - Tournaisian
330.9 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2600455

Age: Mississippian (330.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: Carboniferous limestone on the Left Bank of the Rhine

Lithology: Limestone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Devonian - Middle Devonian
358.9 - 393.3 Ma



ID: 3151103
Middle Devonian claystone

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 393.3 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{claystone}, Minor{limestone,sandstone,conglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, H.A., Balassone, G., and Dejonghe, L. (2008) The “calamine” nonsulfide Zn–Pb deposits of Belgium: Petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical characterization. Ore Geology Reviews 33, 187-210.
Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., and Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers, 483pp.
de Ruiter, Dr. G. (1980) Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne. Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, no.27, 1-15.


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