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Heggelsbrück Mine, Welkenraedt, Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district, Verviers, Liège Province, Belgium

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 38' 48'' North , 5° 57' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.64667,5.95833
GeoHash:G#: u1h0pefwp
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Calamine mine, operated by Vieille-Montagne between 1882 and 1885.
Total production: 10,861 tons of concentrated calamine.

The deposit consists of a weakly mineralized sulphide vein and lateral calamine clusters. The vein is located on the Welkenraedt fault line and the clusters are located in the Tournaisien, near the Tournaisien-Famennian lithostratigraphic contact.

(Atlas des gisements by L. Dejonghe)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Calamine'
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
'Strickblende'
Formula: PbS
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Calamine'-
Strickblende-PbS

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Calamine'-
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS
'Strickblende'-PbS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StrickblendePbS
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb StrickblendePbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Devonian
358.9 - 382.7 Ma



ID: 2617895

Age: Late Devonian (358.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: vgl.671

Lithology: Argillaceous shale, slate, and/or schist, sandstone, graywacke, quartzite, limestone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Late Devonian - Middle Devonian
358.9 - 393.3 Ma



ID: 3151103
Middle Devonian claystone

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 393.3 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{claystone}, Minor{limestone,sandstone,conglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pauquet, F. (1988) L'exploitation minière a Baelen.
Bailus 888-1988 Mélanges. Editeur: L.A.C. Baelen 1988.
Polrot, F. (2006) Les travaux miniers de Heggen à Baelen (province de Liège, Belgique. Bulletin des Chercheurs de la Wallonie, XLV, 87–107.
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, H.A., Balassone, G., and Dejonghe, L. (2008): The “calamine” nonsulfide Zn–Pb deposits of Belgium: Petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical characterization. Ore Geology Reviews 33, 187-210.
L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp.
Dr.G de Ruiter; Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne, 1980, Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, no.27, 1980, pag 1-15.
Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium. Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28.


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