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Orgueil meteorite (Montauban meteorite; Orguell meteorite), Orgueil, Tarn-et-Garonne, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Orgueil meteorite (Montauban meteorite; Orguell meteorite)Meteorite Fall Location
Orgueil- not defined -
Tarn-et-GaronneDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 52' 59'' North , 1° 22' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.88333,1.38333
GeoHash:G#: spbcxkxqf
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:CI1 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:CI1
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Orgueil1,049 (2016)3.4km
Fabas415 (2016)3.8km
Reyniès824 (2016)3.9km
Labastide-Saint-Pierre3,253 (2016)4.1km
Nohic1,043 (2016)4.4km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Midi-Pyrénées


Carbonaceous chondrite (CI1)
Fall, 14 May 1864; ~14 kg (preserved)


A very brite bolide was observed over much of western France and parts of northern Spain and exploded nearly 20 km above the surface. Pieces were recovered along a 20 km long, 4 km wide track. A number of the fallen objects were gathered with twenty stones (~ 14 kg) preserved. Orgueil is the most massive of the 9 known CI (Ivuna-like) Carbonaceous Chondrites. Indeed, the more massive Orgueil is often a more effective CI prototype than the smaller Ivuna (705 g). Orgueil is mostly a very fine-grained phyllosilicate-dominated stone with a plethora of additional intergrown constituents. Hydrously altered minerals (esp. carbonates and sulfides) are ubiquitous, but refractory inclusions, pre-solar grains, exceedingly rare chondrules, and complex organics have also commended attention. CI chondrite composition — apart from H, He and other gases — appears to be our the best or nearly our best available approximation to that of the original solar nebula.

Studies of Orgueil and other CIs try to distinguish the effects of aqueous activity on the original CI parent(s) from the effects of terrestrial weathering. In the 150 years since recovery, white sulfate-rich druse has appeared on the surface of Orgueil samples. The alteration of S-containing compounds has proceeded even while samples have been preserved in 'dry' museum drawers. Airborne bacteria have also led to changes in the inventory of Orgueil organics. Nevertheless, complex organic compounds with non-terrestrial isotopic signatures (overabundant deuterium, C-13) as well as highly racemic handedness (D/L >1) still preserve partially decipherable records of very ancient abiotic organic activity. More recently, the discovery of small pre-solar diamonds, spinels, and corundum has also generated much interest. Evidence for an orbit with trans-Jupiter aphelion is an additional indicator that some carbonaceous chondrites may have had a comet-like parent body.

The largest preserved portion of Orgueil (>8 kg) is with the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. The sesquicentennial review by Gounelle & Zolensky (2014) is a rich trove of information and references for the amateur, the historian, and the avant garde scientist.

NOTE: This meteorite was the subject of a hoax involving earth based organic materials glued to the stone and investigated as fossils of extraterrestrial origin.


Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Peter R. Buseck & Xin Hua (1993). Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 21, 255-305.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Peter R. Buseck & Xin Hua (1993). Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 21, 255-305.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Steven M. Richardson (1978). Vein formation in the C1 carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics, 13, #1, 141-159. (March 1978).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Peter R. Buseck & Xin Hua (1993). Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 21, 255-305.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: David J. Barber (1985). Phyllosilicates and other layer-structured materials in stony meteorites. Clay Minerals 20, 415-454 (1985).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Magnus Endress & Adolf Bischoff (1993). Mineralogy, Degree of Brecciation, and Aqueous Alteration of CI Chondrites Orgueil, Ivuna, and Alais. Meteoritics, 28, #3, 345-346.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: David J. Barber (1985). Phyllosilicates and other layer-structured materials in stony meteorites. Clay Minerals 20, 415-454 (1985).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ian D. Hutcheon, Gary R. Huss, Albert J. Fahey & Gerald J. Wasserburg (1994). Extreme Mg-26 and O-17 enrichments in an Orgueil corundum: Identification of a presolar oxide grain. Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters, vol. 425, # 2, p. L97-L100.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: John F. Kerridge, J. Douglas MacDougall & Kurt Marti. (1979). Clues to the origin of sulfide minerals in CI chondrites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 43, #3, 359-367. (June 1979) ; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Diamond
Formula: C
Description: Includes a pre-solar component
Reference: Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: MacDougall, J.D. (2000) Sr isotopes in the Orgueil CI meteorite : Chronology of early solar system hydrothermal activity. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Earth and planetary sceinces: 109(1): 187-193.; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Ian M. Steele (1990). Minor elements in forsterites of Orgueil (C1), Alais (C1) and two interplanetary dust particles compared to C2-C3-UOC forsterites. Meteoritics 25, #4, 301-307. (Dec. 1990)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: John A. Wood (1977). Mineralogic and petrologic study of the low-temperature minerals in carbonaceous chondrites. Final Report, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA.; Steven M. Richardson (1978). Vein formation in the C1 carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics, 13, #1, 141-159. (March 1978).
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Arch M. Reid, Manuel N. Bass, H. Fujita, John F. Kerridge, & Kurt Fredriksson (1970). Olivine and pyroxene in the Orgueil meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 34, #11, 1253–1254. (Nov 1970).
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Kazushige Tomeoka & Peter R. Buseck (1988). Matrix mineralogy of the Orgueil CI carbonaceous chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 52, #6, 1627-1640. (June 1988).
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Ian M. Steele (1990). Minor elements in forsterites of Orgueil (C1), Alais (C1) and two interplanetary dust particles compared to C2-C3-UOC forsterites. Meteoritics 25, #4, 301-307. (Dec. 1990); Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Includes a pre-solar component.
Reference: Gary R. Huss & Roy S. Lewis (1995). Presolar diamond, SiC, and graphite in primitive chondrites: Abundances as a function of meteorite class and petrologic type. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59, #1, pp. 115-160.; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Gypsum ?
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Am Min (1964) 49:1730-1736; John A. Wood (1977). Mineralogic and petrologic study of the low-temperature minerals in carbonaceous chondrites. Final Report, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA.; Steven M. Richardson (1978). Vein formation in the C1 carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics, 13, #1, 141-159. (March 1978).
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Steven M. Richardson (1978). Vein formation in the C1 carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics, 13, #1, 141-159. (March 1978).
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: Ian D. Hutcheon, Gary R. Huss, Albert J. Fahey & Gerald J. Wasserburg (1994). Extreme Mg-26 and O-17 enrichments in an Orgueil corundum: Identification of a presolar oxide grain. Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters, vol. 425, # 2, p. L97-L100.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Magnus Endress & Adolf Bischoff (1993). Mineralogy, Degree of Brecciation, and Aqueous Alteration of CI Chondrites Orgueil, Ivuna, and Alais. Meteoritics, 28, #3, 345-346.
Kosmochlor
Formula: NaCrSi2O6
Reference: A. Greshake & Adolf Bischoff (1996). Chromium-bearing Phases in Orgueil (CI): Discovery of Magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4), Ureyite (NaCrSi2O6), and Chromium Oxide (Cr2O3). Lunar and Planetary Science, 27, p. 461.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Am Min (1964) 49:1730-1736; Nagy, B. & Andersen, C. A. (1964). Mineral Notes: Electron Probe Microanalysis of some Carbonate, Sulfate, and Phosphate Minerals in the Orgueil Meteorite. Am Mineralogist 49 (11/12): 1730-1736. (Nov-Dec 1964)
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: A. Greshake & Adolf Bischoff (1996). Chromium-bearing Phases in Orgueil (CI): Discovery of Magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4), Ureyite (NaCrSi2O6), and Chromium Oxide (Cr2O3). Lunar and Planetary Science, 27, p. 461.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: MacDougall, J.D. (2000) Sr isotopes in the Orgueil CI meteorite : Chronology of early solar system hydrothermal activity. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Earth and planetary sceinces: 109(1): 187-193.; Am Min (1964) 49:1730-1736; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Am Min (1964) 49:1730-1736; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Merrillite ?
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Am Min (1964) 49:1730-1736
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Manuel N. Bass (1971). Montmorillonite and serpentine in Orgueil meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35, #2, 139–147. (Feb 1971).
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Magnus Endress & Adolf Bischoff (1993). Mineralogy, Degree of Brecciation, and Aqueous Alteration of CI Chondrites Orgueil, Ivuna, and Alais. Meteoritics, 28, #3, 345-346.; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Arch M. Reid, Manuel N. Bass, H. Fujita, John F. Kerridge, & Kurt Fredriksson (1970). Olivine and pyroxene in the Orgueil meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 34, #11, 1253–1254. (Nov 1970).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: John F. Kerridge, J. Douglas MacDougall & Kurt Marti. (1979). Clues to the origin of sulfide minerals in CI chondrites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 43, #3, 359-367. (June 1979) ; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kazushige Tomeoka & Peter R. Buseck (1988). Matrix mineralogy of the Orgueil CI carbonaceous chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 52, #6, 1627-1640. (June 1988).; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Manuel N. Bass (1971). Montmorillonite and serpentine in Orgueil meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35, #2, 139–147. (Feb 1971). ; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
'Silica'
Reference: Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: Includes a pre-solar component.
Reference: Ian D. Hutcheon, Gary R. Huss, Albert J. Fahey & Gerald J. Wasserburg (1994). Extreme Mg-26 and O-17 enrichments in an Orgueil corundum: Identification of a presolar oxide grain. Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters, vol. 425, # 2, p. L97-L100.; Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Am Min (1964) 49:1730-1736; Nagy, B. & Andersen, C. A. (1964). Mineral Notes: Electron Probe Microanalysis of some Carbonate, Sulfate, and Phosphate Minerals in the Orgueil Meteorite. Am Mineralogist 49 (11/12): 1730-1736. (Nov-Dec 1964)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Brian Harold Mason (1962). Meteorites. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.: New York and London. 274 pages.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum ?7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Merrillite ?8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Kosmochlor9.DA.25NaCrSi2O6
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum ?29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite ?38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Kosmochlor65.1.3c.4NaCrSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C DiamondC
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O CorundumAl2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
AlAluminium
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S TroiliteFeS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CinnabarHgS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Cr KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CeCerium
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleogene
23.03 - 66 Ma



ID: 3186272
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Oligocene
23.03 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 3141626
marine deposit

Age: Oligocene (23.03 - 33.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{clay}, Minor{sand,carbonates, consolidated,marl}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nagy, B. & Andersen, C. A. (1964). Mineral Notes: Electron Probe Microanalysis of some Carbonate, Sulfate, and Phosphate Minerals in the Orgueil Meteorite. Am Mineralogist 49 (11/12): 1730-1736. (Nov-Dec 1964)
Steven M. Richardson (1978). Vein formation in the C1 carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics, 13, #1, 141-159. (March 1978).
Fisenko, A.V. and Semenova, L.F. (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
MacDougall, J.D. (2000) Sr isotopes in the Orgueil CI meteorite : Chronology of early solar system hydrothermal activity. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Earth and planetary sceinces: 109(1): 187-193.
Monica M. Grady (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

External Links



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