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David Mine (Christiansglück Mine), Hirschberg, Warstein, Sauerland, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube David (Grube Christiansglück), Hirschberg, Warstein, Sauerland, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 51° 25' 31'' North , 8° 19' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 51.42528,8.32222
GeoHash:G#: u1jut3sjc
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Ancient iron mine, started in the early 19th century and abandoned in 1949. Main ores were siderite and goethite, occurring as stratiform mineralizations of metasomatic origin in Upper Devonian limestones. The orebodies are strongly tectonically influenced, and mineralized layers alternate with non-mineralized ones. The phosphate minerals the mine is famous for do occur in cavities in massive goethite and limonite.
Located east of Hirschberg and about 3 km SW of Warstein. The coordinates roughly mark the center of an area of several 100 square meters, in which a few small dumps are located.

Note on the mineral list: for "coeruleolactite" see references and information given for Planerite-Turquoise Series.


Regions containing this locality

Rhenish Massif, Europe

Massif - 1,175 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Eleonorite ?
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
'Laubmannite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Matulaite
Formula: (Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'
Description: Originally reported to be coeruleolactite. All purported coeruleolactite examined by the authors of the 1998 report (Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E.) were largely Planerite, or Occasionally turquoise. Published analysis indicates that the vacany in the 'A' site is between 0.51-0.54 atom fraction, the balance in Cu-0.40 and Zn-0.06 to 0.09. It is suggested by this analysis that the turquoise structure likely cannot accomodate Ca in the 'A' site.
Reference: Weiß, S. (1990). "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich) Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E. (1998): A reexamination of the turquoise group; the mineral aheylite, planerite (redefined), turquoise and coeruleolactite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 93-111.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Quartz var: Pseudocubic Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Lepidocrocite'4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Pseudocubic Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Crandallite'8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Dufrénite'8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Kidwellite'8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
'Matulaite'8.DK.30(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Eleonorite' ?-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite'-(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Matulaite42.13.3.1(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Eleonorite ?-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite'-(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'-
Quartz
var: Pseudocubic Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
O Quartz (var: Pseudocubic Quartz)SiO2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O SideriteFeCO3
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Pseudocubic Quartz)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
P Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
P Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
MnManganese
Mn Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Fe Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3142656
Late Carboniferous quartzite

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{sandstone,shale/slate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Devonian
358.9 - 382.7 Ma



ID: 2607594

Age: Late Devonian (358.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: vgl.671

Lithology: Argillaceous shale, slate, and/or schist, sandstone, graywacke, quartzite, limestone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ademmer, F. Roters, F.A. (1979) Geschichte des Eisenerzbergbaus in Warstein. In: Geologie und Mineralogie des Warsteiner Raumes, Aufschluss: Sonderband 29 (Warstein): 241-246.
Pawlowski, D. (1991) Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland, Weise (Munich).
Stieglitz, H., Hochleitner, I., Hochleitner, R. (1987) Die Grube David bei Warstein. Lapis: 12(5): 32-36.
Weiß, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West, Weise (Munich).


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