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Hellyer-Que River Mines, Waratah district, Waratah-Wynyard municipality, Tasmania, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Hellyer-Que River MinesGroup of Mines
Waratah districtDistrict
Waratah-Wynyard municipalityMunicipality
TasmaniaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 34' 59'' South , 145° 45' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -41.58333,145.75000
GeoHash:G#: r0xektgzt
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tullah196 (2014)19.6km
Waratah280 (2012)23.8km
Rosebery1,035 (2012)28.0km
Nietta166 (2014)34.4km
Upper Natone106 (2014)39.7km


A lead-zinc mine discovered and first operated by Aberfoyle Ltd. It later closed and is presently being reopened by Bass Metals Ltd, along with the nearby, related, Que River mine. It is about 30km south of Waratah.

A large (16.2 million metric tons), high-grade (13.9% Zn, 7.1% Pb, 0.4% Cu, 168 g/t Ag, 2.5 g/t Au), sea-floor, mound-style, polymetallic volcanic-hosted massive sulfide (VHMS) deposit located in the Mount Read Volcanics of western Tasmania. The deposit is hosted by the Que-Hellyer Volcanics, a sequence of late Middle Cambrian mafic to felsic coherent volcanics and polymict volcaniclastics. It is mostly fine grained but chalcopyrite, galena, red-brown sphalerite, pyrite and quartz all occur in lustrous crystals to over a centimetre in vughs in both the Que River and Hellyer Mines (the latter producing attractive large galena crystals to about a centimetre in vughs. Sharp, small tennantite-tetrahedrite crystals were found on quartz crystals in the Que River mine

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Thylacine Province, Tasmania, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania; Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania; Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bottrill & Baker in prep; Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania; Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bottrill & Baker in prep
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bottrill & Baker in prep; Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Bottrill & Baker in prep; Ramsden, A. R., Kinealy, K. M., Creelman, R. A., & French, D. H. (1990). Precious-and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania—a study by electron microprobe. In Sulphide deposits—their origin and processing (pp. 49-71). Springer Netherlands.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Pumpellyite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Pumpellyite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S AcanthiteAg2S
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3186041
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Limestone,sandstone,slate,quartzite,conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Furongian - Miaolingian
485.4 - 509 Ma



ID: 919917
felsic to intermediate volcanics 37497

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 509 Ma)

Description: Felsic to intermediate volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks. Some intrusive rocks

Comments: igneous felsic-intermediate volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic-intermediate volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Mining Annual Review (1985): 368.
Large, R. R., McGoldrick, P. J., Berry, R. F., & Young, C. H. (1988). A tightly folded, gold-rich, massive sulfide deposit; Que River Mine, Tasmania. Economic Geology, 83(4), 681-693.
- A. R. Ramsden, K. M. Kinealy, R. A. Creelman, D. H. French (1990): Precious- and base-metal mineralogy of the Hellyer volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, northwest Tasmania — a study by electron microprobe. Pp. 49-71 in: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 300 pp.
- McGoldrick, PJ and Large, RR (1992): Geologic and geochemical controls on gold-rich stringer mineralization in the Que River Deposit, Tasmania. Economic Geology, 87, 667-685.
- Solomon, M and Gaspar, OC (2001): Textures of the Hellyer Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposit, Tasmania - the Aging of a Sulfide Sediment on the Sea Floor. Economic Geology, 96, 1513-1534.
- Gemmell, JB and Fulton, R (2001): Geology, Genesis, and Exploration Implications of the Footwall and Hanging-Wall Alteration Associated with the Hellyer Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposit, Tasmania, Australia. Economic Geology, 96, 1003-1035.
- Solomon, M and Gemmell, JB and Zaw, K (2004): Nature and origin of the fluids responsible for forming the Hellyer Zn–Pb–Cu, volcanic-hosted massive sulphide deposit, Tasmania, using fluid inclusions, and stable and radiogenic isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews, 25, 89-124.

Localities in this Region
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  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality

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