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Pabellón de Pica, Chanabaya, Iquique Province, Tarapacá, Chilei
Regional Level Types
Pabellón de Pica- not defined -
Chanabaya- not defined -
Iquique ProvinceProvince
TarapacáRegion
ChileCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 20° 54' 32'' South , 70° 8' 17'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -20.90889,-70.13806
GeoHash:G#: 6kq15cxhb
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


Located 2 km south of Caleta Chanabaya.
Guano was extensively mined in the promontory till the mid 19th century.
Additional references at http://www.mindat.org/mesg-105-280722.html.

"I have visited Pabellon de Pica several times and found and discovered the unique copper mineralization up there. Younger Guano deposits like Pabellon de Pica are a very strange environmental zone with a highly unique microbiology. This microbiological life produces a lot of unique Nitrogen components. It is a normal process when such components later go into a part of the mineralization. The Pabellon de Pica is, for now, the only known contact zone of a copper deposit and a young sub-maritime Guano deposit. There is no anthropogenic influence to form the rare copper minerals. Chanabayaite is a good example because the best specimen we collected was on rock samples we took out of a 1-meter deep zone in the steep wall. Minerals like Shilovite and Ammineite form in a massive Halite vein. During the mining process of guano, the local miners never used any explosive, because the base rock is already cracked by the powdery Guano itself."
(Gunnar Färber, http://www.mindat.org/mesg-14-333383.html)

More investigations led to to following results:

-Anorthite: Conf. meth.: EDX (by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn)
(Anorthite here means Ca-dominant in the Albite-Anorthite series)
-Clinochlore: Ref.: Bojar et al. (2010)
-Dittmarite: Conf. meth.: PXRD (by Joachim Lorenz)
-Epidote: Conf. meth.: visually
-Magnetite: Conf. meth.: visually, strongly ferromagnetic
-Natrolite: Conf. meth.: PXRD (by Joachim Lorenz)
-Natroxalate: Conf. meth.: IR (by Nikita V. Chukanov)
-Newberyite: Conf. meth.: PXRD (by Joachim Lorenz)
-Prehnite: Conf. meth.: visually and PXRD (the latter by Joachim Lorenz)
-Thénardite: Conf. meth.: chemical tests (by Gerhard Möhn; these tests show pure Na2SO4, no H2O)

Note: Epidote, clinochlore, and ammineite have also been confirmed by A. Kampf (XRD and EDS)
.

Regions containing this locality

South AmericaContinent
Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


32 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Ammineite (TL)
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Type Locality:
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antipinite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Type Locality:
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chanabayaite (TL)
Formula: CuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Type Locality:
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Darapskite
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Dittmarite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eugsterite
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Joanneumite (TL)
Formula: Cu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
Type Locality:
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Möhnite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natroxalate
Formula: Na2(C2O4)
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Shilovite (TL)
Formula: Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2
Type Locality:
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Triazolite (TL)
Formula: NaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
Type Locality:
'Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)'
Formula: NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Ammineite (TL)3.C0.[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Nitratine5.NA.05NaNO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Darapskite7.DG.05Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Eugsterite7.CD.25Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Dittmarite8.CH.20(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Antipinite (TL)10.00.KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Natroxalate10.AB.60Na2(C2O4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chanabayaite (TL)-CuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Joanneumite (TL)-Cu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
Möhnite (TL)-(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
Shilovite (TL)-Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2
Triazolite (TL)-NaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)'-NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitratine18.1.1.1NaNO3
Group 20 - COMPOUND NITRATES
Miscellaneous
Darapskite20.1.1.1Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Eugsterite29.4.2.1Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Dittmarite40.1.2.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Ammineite (TL)-[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antipinite (TL)-KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Chanabayaite (TL)-CuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Joanneumite (TL)-Cu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
Möhnite (TL)-(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
Natroxalate-Na2(C2O4)
Shilovite (TL)-Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Triazolite (TL)-NaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)'-NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
H JoanneumiteCu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
H ChanabayaiteCuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
H ShiloviteCu(NH3)4(NO3)2
H Möhnite(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
H TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
H Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
CCarbon
C JoanneumiteCu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
C ChanabayaiteCuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
C AntipiniteKNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
C TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
C NatroxalateNa2(C2O4)
NNitrogen
N Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
N JoanneumiteCu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
N ChanabayaiteCuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
N ShiloviteCu(NH3)4(NO3)2
N Möhnite(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
N TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
N NitratineNaNO3
N Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
N Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
OOxygen
O JoanneumiteCu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
O ChanabayaiteCuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
O AntipiniteKNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
O ShiloviteCu(NH3)4(NO3)2
O Möhnite(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
O TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O NitratineNaNO3
O Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NatroxalateNa2(C2O4)
O NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
NaSodium
Na AntipiniteKNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Na Möhnite(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
Na TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Na DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Na NitratineNaNO3
Na Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NatroxalateNa2(C2O4)
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Mg NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
SiSilicon
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
PPhosphorus
P Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
P NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
SSulfur
S Möhnite(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
S EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
S DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cl ChanabayaiteCuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Cl TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
KPotassium
K AntipiniteKNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
K Möhnite(NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
CaCalcium
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cu JoanneumiteCu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
Cu ChanabayaiteCuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Cu AntipiniteKNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Cu ShiloviteCu(NH3)4(NO3)2
Cu TriazoliteNaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bojar, H.-P., Walter, F., Baumgartner, J., and Färber, G. (2010) Ammineite, CuCl2(NH3)2, a new species containing an ammine complex: Mineral data and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 1359-1371.
Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Mohn, G., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., and Zadov, A.E. (2015) Chanabayaite, Cu2(N3C2H2)2Cl(NH3Cl,H2О,□)4 a new mineral containing triazolate anion. Zapiski RMO, 144(2), 36-47.
Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Möhn, G., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Nestola, F., Kasatkin, A.V., and Dini, M. (2015) Shilovite, natural copper(II) tetrammine nitrate, a new mineral species. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 613-623.
Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., and Britvin, S.N. (2015) Möhnite, (NH4)K2Na(SO4)2, a new guano mineral from Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109, 643-648.
Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lyssenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G., Möhn, G., and Van, K.V. (2015) Antipinite, KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4, a new mineral species from a guano deposit at Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1111-1121.
Zubkova, N., Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Möhn, G., Giester, G., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2016) The crystal structure of the natural 1,2,4-triazolate compound NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3]2·4H2O. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, 231, 47-53.
Bojar, H.-P., Walter, F., and Baumgartner, J. (2017) Joanneumite, Cu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2, a new mineral from Pabellón de Pica, Chile and the crystal structure of its synthetic analogue. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 155–166.


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