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Oraviţa (Oravicza; Orawitza), Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field, Banat Mts, Caraş-Severin, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
Oraviţa (Oravicza; Orawitza)- not defined -
Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore fieldOre Field
Banat MtsMountain Range
Caraş-SeverinCounty
RomaniaCountry

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Oraviţa12,332 (2014)
Broșteni733 (2013)
Ciclova Montană713 (2013)
Brădișoru de Jos654 (2013)
Răchitova433 (2013)
Agadici202 (2015)


Ancient mining on Au, Ag and Cu.

Note: Old specimen labels indicating cyanotrichite from "Orawitza" may be erroneous - the cyanotrichite is probably from Moldova Nouă.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Alloclasite (TL)
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschermak(1866); Canadian Mineralogist:11:150(1971) & 14:561(1976).; Kingston P W (1971) On alloclasite, a Co-Fe sulpharsenide, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 838-846
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kingston P W (1971) On alloclasite, a Co-Fe sulpharsenide, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 838-846
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Ilinca, G. (1998) Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bucharest, Romania, 356 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Cook, N.J. and Ciobanu, C.L. (2001) Paragenesis of Cu-Fe ores from Ocna de Fier-Dognecea (Romania), typifying fluid plume mineralization in a proximal skarn setting. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Ilinca, G. (1998) Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bucharest, Romania, 356 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Kingston P W (1971) On alloclasite, a Co-Fe sulpharsenide, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 838-846
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Ilinca, G. (1998) Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bucharest, Romania, 356 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
'Ochran'
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
'Oravitzite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Szakáll, S. (Ed.) (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Granit, Prague.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Ilinca, G. (1998) Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bucharest, Romania, 356 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alloclasite (TL)2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Ochran'-
'Oravitzite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite (TL)2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Ochran'-
'Oravitzite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
SSulfur
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
CoCobalt
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni NickelineNiAs
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
AsArsenic
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As NickelineNiAs
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 74.74 ± 0.5 Ma to 73.87 ± 0.4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)73.87 ± 0.4 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)74.74 ± 0.5 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.

External Links


Localities in this Region

  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
      • Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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