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Mützhagen Mine, Lontzen, Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district), Liège, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Mützhagen MineMine
LontzenMunicipality
Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)Mining District
LiègeProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 41' 5'' North , 5° 57' 25'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Welkenraedt9,006 (2012)2.9km
Lontzen4,862 (2011)3.6km
La Calamine10,232 (2011)5.3km
Plombières9,596 (2011)5.7km
Baelen3,928 (2011)6.1km


The Mützhagen zinc-lead deposit was discovered on both sides of the former border between Prussia and Belgium.
The Prussian side of the mine was operated between 1898 and 1910.
The Belgian side was operated between 1908 and 1923 and in 1926-1927.
Due to post WW1 borders changes, the deposit is now on Belgian territory, but township limits still cross the deposit.
The Eastern part (formerly the Maison Blanche shaft on Prussian side) is on Lontzen territory and the Western part (or Belgian deposit) is on Henri-Chapelle territory.

There were three levels; -28m, -45m and -81m. One main shaft and two ventilation shafts.

Waste piles of the Maison Blanche shaft have yielded mainly black crystalline sphalerite and dark brown schalenblende, with galena and pyrite, but these are now completely covered by a building (private property). Given coordinates are for the former Maison Blanche shaft.

In 1902 they began building a narrow-gauge railway along the road between the mine and the ore-washing plant in Moresnet.

During the First World War it was not always possible for the miners to get to the mine, so that the exploitation only got underway slowly. A maximum of 30 people worked in the quarry, 5 of which were above ground. When the mine closed, only 18 miners still worked.

Production (between 1900 and 1927):
3.674 tons of calamine, 34.243 tons of schalenblende, 4.669 tons of galena and 5.957 tons of pyrite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Uebags, F. (1972): Die Grube Mützhagen - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, Vol. 11, June 1972, 4-17
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Uebags, F. (1972): Die Grube Mützhagen - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, Vol. 11, June 1972, 4-17
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Uebags, F. (1972): Die Grube Mützhagen - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, Vol. 11, June 1972, 4-17
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O CerussitePbCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Uebags, F. (1972) Die Grube Mützhagen - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes. Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, 11, 4-17.
Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., and Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers. 483 pp.
Dr. de Ruiter, G. (1980) Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne. Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, 27, 1-15.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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