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Lavrion Mining District, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Lavrion Mining DistrictGroup of Mining Districts (Abandoned)
LavreotikiMunicipality
East AtticaRegional Unit
AtticaAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Branko Rieck
Key
Locality type:
Group of Mining Districts (Abandoned) - last checked 2019
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lávrio7,078 (2017)
Ergatikés Katoikíes Attikís823 (2014)
Ágios Konstantínos659 (2014)
Pláka558 (2014)
Agía Marína Mikrolímanou476 (2014)
Kalopígadho474 (2014)
Other Languages:
French:
Mines du Laurion, Lavreotiki, Attique de l'Est, Attique, Grèce
German:
Lavrio, Ostattika, Attika, Griechenland
Greek:
Λαύριο, Δήμος Λαυρεωτικής, Νομαρχία Ανατολικής Αττικής, Περιφέρεια Αττικής, Ελλάδα
Italian:
Miniere del Laurio, Lavreotiki, Attica Orientale, Attica, Grecia
Russian:
Лаврийские рудники, Лавреотики, Восточная Аттика, Аттика, Греция
Spanish:
Minas de Laurión, Ática Oriental, Periferia de Ática, Grecia
Arabic:
لافريو, أتيكا الشرقية, أتيكا, اليونان
Croatian:
Lavrio, Prefektura Istočna Atika, Periferija Atika, Grčka
Dutch:
Laurion, Lavreotiki, Oost-Attica, Griekenland
Finnish:
Lávrio, Lavreotikí, Itä-Attika, Kreikka
Hebrew:
לאווריו, יוון
Japanese:
ラブリオ, 東アッティカ県, ギリシャ
Latin:
Laurium, Attica Orientalis, Attica, Graecia
Norwegian:
Lavrion, Øst-Attikí, Hellas
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Lávrio, Lavreotikí, Aust-Attikí, Hellas
Polish:
Lawrio, Lawreotiki, Jednostka regionalna Attyka Wschodnia, Region Attyka, Grecja
Romanian:
Laurium, Prefectura Attica de Est, Grecia
Serbian:
Лаврио, Источна Атика, Периферија Атика, Грчка
Serbo-Croatian:
Laurion, Prefektura Istočna Atika, Periferija Atika, Grčka
Sicilian:
Laurion, Grecia
Swedish:
Laurion, Dimos Lavreotiki, Grekland
Turkish:
Lavrion, Lavreotiki, Doğu Attika, Attika, Yunanistan
Ukrainian:
Лавріонські копальні, Східна Аттика, Аттика, Греція
Vietnamese:
Lavrio, Hy Lạp


This general "header" covers the minerals found in the many mines of the Lavrion mining district of Attiki, Greece.

The area was mined since ancient times (signs of Cu-ore extraction from the 3rd millennium B.C.) and most intensively from 600 B.C. to 100 A.D., for silver, lead, and other metals. The Lavrion mines were the main source of wealth for the city of Athens during the classical times (5th-4th century B.C.). They were abandoned during Roman times and reopened in 1865. All mining activities stopped in 1984.

Polymetallic ore deposits which are genetically related to the emplacement of a Late Miocene (7-10 million years ago) biotite-hornblende granodioritic body and granodiorite porphyry dikes/sills within metamorphic Mesozoic rocks of the Attic-Cycladic Crystalline Belt. The ore deposits occur mainly within marbles, especially at contacts with schists and with hornblende granodiorites. Gangue minerals are calcite, ankerite, rhodochrosite, baryte, fluorite, and quartz.
The ore consists mainly of silver-rich galena, sphalerite, and pyrite, but also various other sulphides and numerous secondary minerals.
An excellent, up-to-date overview of the district is given by Bonsall et al. (2011).

The most important mines are situated in or around the village of Plaka (6 km north of the town of Lavrion) and Agios Konstantinos (formerly Kamareza; 5 km west of Lavrion). Plaka was probably the site of the ancient "Laureion" (Kalcyk & Heinrich, 1991).
Hundreds of smaller ancient mines, shafts, and prospects are spread within the district, most of them along the N-S ridge from Kamareza to Sounion. Also, several slag localities are situated on beaches and in coves along the eastern and southern coast of the district.

Slag minerals were created by seawater chemically reacting with the coastal slag heaps produced by processing ores mined inland from the slag sites during ancient times (mainly 500-200 B.C., but as early as 3000 B.C. at Thorikos). See the separate listings for the mineral species found in the mines and the slag localities of the mining district: Lavrion slag localities.

The name Lavrion is also often spelled "Laurium" (the ancient Latin spelling) and "Laurion" (which is the Anglicized version); "Lavrion" is the closest transliteration from the Greek alphabet and should be preferred. (Attikí is also often spelled either "Attika" or "Attica"; but - again - "Attikí" is the closest transliteration from the Greek alphabet.)

The various mines - and there are quite a few of them - are located within or near the town of Lavrion; the villages of Plaka and Agios Konstantinos (St. Constantine - previously named Kamareza, which is also often spelled "Kamariza," "Kameresa" and even "Camariza"); and in the "Areas" known as Elafos, Thorikos, Sounion, Soureza, Vromopoussi, etc... (There are very few actual towns or villages in the District - just the three named above - so the geography is described in many cases by "Areas" - such as the Sounion Area, which is an area south of Lavrion which is famous for its ancient Greek temple.) Some of the important mines are Adami No. 2, Christiana, Jean Baptiste, Hilarion, Km-3 ("Km-3" refers to the Lavrion-Agios Konstantinos road kilometer marker near which the mine is located), Plaka mine no. 80, Serpieri, Sounion mine no. 6 ("Exi" mine), and Sounion mine no. 19. There are many others. The numbers are part of a district-wide (not town- or area-specific) numbering system devised by mining geologists and collectors to distinguish the many mines whose names have been lost in the mists of time.

Note: Within the Sounion Forest Nature Reserve special restrictions apply to mineral collecting!

Note: Entrance to the Military Restricted Area is strictly forbidden and enforced!

Note: There are NO "Km 2" and "Km 4" mines, which some materials have been labeled as coming from. The correct locality for specimens labeled this way is usually the "Km 3" mine. The name "Adayir" seems to be a fictitious name for the Adami mine no. 2.

Note: A small mineral museum with mainly superb and large specimens from the Lavrion district can be visited in Lavrion.
A further mineral and mining museum was opened in 2006 in Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza), which incorporates the Serpieri shaft as the outdoor part of the museum.

Note: Several mines in the district are the type locality for species on this list. These are noted in the specific mine list for each species. The district is NOT the type locality for any of them, though - specific mines are.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

638 valid minerals. 23 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Adamite var. Aluminium-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Adamite var. Cobalt-bearing Adamite
Reference: No reference listed
Adamite var. Copper-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.; Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
Adamite var. Manganese-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Adamite var. Nickel-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1983): Nickel-Adamin - eine neue Adamin-Varietät aus Lavrion / Griechenland. Lapis, 8 (12), 31-32.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Katerinopoulos, A. (2010) Agardite-(Nd), IMA 2010-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 30; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2011): Agardite-(Nd), NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6•3H2O from the Hilarion Mine, Lavrion, Greece: mineral description and chemical relations with other members of the agardite-zálesíite solid-solution system. Journal of Geosciences, 56, 249-255.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2014) Crystal structure refinement of aurichalcite, (Cu,Zn)5(CO3)2(OH)6, from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 191/2, 225-232.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Aikinite var. Argentoaikinite
Formula: (Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.; VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Description: Reported in Petrascheck (1977) as a written comm. by Marinos (without any details); confirmed by a new find at another locality in October 2019 (Branko Rieck, pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch, October 2019).
Reference: Petrascheck, W. E. (1977): Die Metallogenese von Laurium - granitischer Herd oder Paläokarst? Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 28, 17-27 (in German).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1887): Über die Geologie von Attika, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hymittos und Lavrions. Sitzgsber. d. Naturhist. Ver. d. Rheinl. u. Westf. 44, 77-106.
Aldridgeite
Formula: (Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
'Alunite Group'
Reference: Branko Rieck, Uwe Kolitsch and other collections
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Leleu, M. (1966): Les gisements plombo-zincifères du Laurium (Grèce). Sciences de la Terre, XI, no. 3, 293-343 (in French).
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Green, bright green, pale green
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Annabergite var. Magnesium-bearing Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 749.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
'Antimony Ochre'
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Colleen Thompson collection.
Aragonite var. Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Argentotetrahedrite-(Zn)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Arsenobismite'
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Arzrunite ?
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Habit: elongated
Colour: pale yellow
Reference: Rieck, B & Rieck, P (1999). LAPIS 24 7/8, 59-63 (the complete (at that time!) mineral list; in German)
Attikaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov and A. E. Zadov (2007) Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O, a new mineral species Geology of Ore Deposits 49: 720-726
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1887): Über die Geologie von Attika, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hymittos und Lavrions. Sitzgsber. d. Naturhist. Ver. d. Rheinl. u. Westf. 44, 77-106.
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Colleen Thomson collection
Aurorite
Formula: Mn2+Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Austinite var. Copper-bearing Austinite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Cu)(AsO4)(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2018): Aus Lavrion, Griechenland: Prächtige neue Azurite und klassische Fluorite. Lapis 43 (5), 12-23.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Description: One specimen was aquired from Kristalldruse (see ad in reference) and checked with EDX and PXRD which confirmed the ID (Rieck 2012 & pers. comm.).
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, p. 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Rieck, B. (2012): Neue Minerale aus dem Lagerstätten-Bezirk Lavrion/Griechenland und den Kalahari Mangan Feldern/Republik Südafrika. PhD Thesis (unpubl.), University of Vienna, 183 pp. (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Barringtonite' ?
Formula: MgCO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Baumstarkite
Formula: Ag3Sb3S6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: No reference listed
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Reference: No reference listed
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS and PXRD analyses); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: No reference listed
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Description: See kapellasite. Initially all crystals of similar chemical composition from this mine were labeled as botallackite, but later it was discovered that they were actually a new mineral: kapellasite. Since its discovery all analyses showed that the crystals considered to be botallackite were actually kapellasite. However on a specimen discovered by Mr. Heinz Fabritz some crystals resembling well crystallized kapellasite were analyzed and found to be true botallackite with a distinguishing Zn:Cu ratio of 1:9, which is nowhere near that necessary to for kapellasite (1:3).
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Brassite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German); Ray L. Frost, Andrés López, Lina Wang, Ricardo Scholz, Ney Pinheiro Sampaio (2015): SEM, EDX and Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of brianyoungite Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4 from Esperanza Mine, Laurion District, Greece. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 149, 279-284.
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (analysed by Branko Rieck)
'Calamine'
Reference: Gobantz, A. (1894): Die laurischen Silberbergwerke in alter Zeit. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Berg- und Hüttenwesen 42, 123-130.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.; Vik Vanrusselt collection (see also: http://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-216616.html)
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78. (photo p. 78)
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1999): Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209.
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Leleu, M. (1966): Les gisements plombo-zincifères du Laurium (Grèce). Sciences de la Terre, XI, no. 3, 293-343 (in French).
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Chadwickite
Formula: (UO2)[HAsO3]
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS analysis, SXRD planned); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysed)
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: No reference listed
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: No reference listed
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Christelite
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Chukhrovite-(Ca)
Formula: Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Chvaleticeite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: No reference listed
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Clinocervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished SEM-EDS analyses)
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Chollet Pascal photo
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: [MinMax Database]
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [MinMax website]
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Schnorrer & Breitenbach (1996) describe copiapite but give the formula of magnesiocopiapite. Copiapite (the mineral, not the group) has been identified on a handful of specimens that contain Voltaite.
Reference: Schnorrer, G. and Breitenbach, H. (1996) Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21(1), 45-48; 62. [describe copiapite but give the formula of magnesiocopiapite.]
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Description: From small dump near the Hilarion adit.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: No reference listed
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results; to be published in next article on new finds from Lavrion); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Hochleitner, R. (1980): Lapis Aktuell: Vernadit = Kryptomelan. Lapis, 5(2), 5; Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: No reference listed
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62.
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: No reference listed
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: Cu2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Possibly questionable as method(s) of analysis not stated and mineral is described as yellow to beige, "lath-shaped" crystals.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371. ; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Wendel, W., Blaß, G., Mühlbauer, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Hilarion - Plaka - Sounion: Lavrion-News 1997-1999. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 64-67.; Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.; PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, 6 April 2017, on Jewel Tunnel specimen.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: No reference listed
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Economou, M., Skounakis, S. & Papathanassiou, C. (1981): Magnetite deposits of skarn type from the Plaka area of Laurium, Greece. Chemie der Erde 40, 241-252.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Drobecite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2010) Drobecite, a novel mineral from the Lavrion, Greece, deposit. 20th General Meeting of IMA (IMA2010) August 21 – 27, 2010, Budapest, Hungary (poster).
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Meixner, H. (1978): Fibroferrit von Lavrion. Lapis, 3 (10), 11.; Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767; Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Branko Rieck (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. LAPIS 24:7/8 pp 68-76.
Edwardsite
Formula: Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488; Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: No reference listed
Feinglosite
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Description: see: https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,9,14309,217139#msg-217139 and especially the comment by Branko Rieck for clarification. Various "Feinglosite"-specimens that came to the market were analysed subsequently [J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.] All turned out to be chenevixite.
Reference: RIECK, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Laurion. - Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Ferrarisite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: CaZnFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Ferroaluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Fizélyite
Formula: Ag5Pb14Sb21S48
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch
Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.; Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gaitite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: Leleu, M. (1969): Pseudovein mineralization and its formation medium: vein 80 (Laurium, Greece). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 92, 101-104 (in French).; Leleu, M. (1966): Les gisements plombo-zincifères du Laurium (Grèce). Sciences de la Terre, XI, no. 3, 293-343 (in French).; P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488; Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Gartrellite
Formula: PbCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Gaspéite
Formula: NiCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: No reference listed
Geminite
Formula: Cu2+(AsO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Georgeite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Solomos C., Voudouris P., Katerinopoulos A. (2004) Mineralogical studies of a bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization in Kamariza Lavrion. Bull Geol Soc Greece 36: 387-396.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: No reference listed
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Glaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: masses, encrustations
Colour: light blue
Reference: Centralbl.Min.,Abt. A (1932) p. 13-17
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Ioannis BAZIOTIS, Alexander PROYER and Evripidis MPOSKOS (2009) High-pressure/low-temperature metamorphism of basalts in Lavrion (Greece): implications for the preservation of peak metamorphic assemblages in blueschists and greenschists. Eur. J. Mineral. 21, 133–148
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Störk, W. (2001): Lapis Aktuell: Neu: Goldkristalle aus Lavrion. Lapis, 26 (2), 6.; Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).; Fabritz, K. H. (2018): Gold aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Der Steirische Mineralog, 33, 85 (in German).
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Grandreefite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Grandviewite
Formula: Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Graulichite-(Ce)
Formula: CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Rieck, B., Lengauer, C.L., Giester, G. (2019): Voudourisite, Cd(SO4)·H2O, and lazaridisite, Cd3(SO4)3·8H2O, two new minerals from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine, 83, 551-559.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Branko Rieck collection and PXRD-analysis
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Economou, M., Skounakis, S. & Papathanassiou, C. (1981): Magnetite deposits of skarn type from the Plaka area of Laurium, Greece. Chemie der Erde 40, 241-252. ; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018) Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 29(5), 32-77 (in German). [Photo on p. 72 (analysed sample)]
'Hedyphane-Mimetite Series'
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS analyses)
Heinrichite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Helmutwinklerite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Hetaerolite var. Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Hilarionite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2012) Hilarionite, IMA 2011-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov ,N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Vuduris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopolus, A. (2013): Hilarionite, Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)•6H2O, a new hypergene mineral from Laurion, Greece. Zapiski RMO, 142(5), 30-42.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Hornblende'
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrohonessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydroxycalcioroméite ?
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: No reference listed
Irhtemite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Reference: No reference listed
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Brownish
Description: Crystals up to 7 mm (Hanke, 1998).
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection; Hanke, H. (1998) Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.;
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Kaatialaite
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Kamarizaite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., et al. (2009): Kamarizaite Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3·3H2O -- a new mineral arsenate analogue of tinticite. Zapiski RMO 138(3), 100-108; N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov, S. Möckel, A. A. Mukhanova, D. I. Belakovsky, L. A. Levitskaya und G. K. Bekenova (2010): Kamarizaite, Fe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3•3H2O, a new mineral species, arsenate analogue of tinticite. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 599-605; U. Kolitsch, C. L. Lengauer and G. Giester (2014): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron arsenate kamarizaite and the iron phosphate tinticite. 92nd Annual Meeting of the DMG, Jena, Germany, September 21-24; abstract in Programme, 257; Kolitsch, U., Lengauer, C.L. and Giester, G. (2016): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron(III) arsenate kamarizaite and the iron(III) phosphate tinticite. Eur. J. Mineral. 28, 71-81.
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.; Fritz Schreiber collection
'Kaolinite Subgroup'
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch
Kapellasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 329-340.
Katerinopoulosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Stergiou, V. (2017) Katerinopoulosite, IMA 2017-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Stergiou, V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. (2018) Katerinopoulosite, (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2O, a new mineral from the Esperanza mine, Lavrion, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 821-826.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Katsarosite (TL)
Formula: Zn(C2O4) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rieck, B., Giester, G., Lengauer, C., and Nasdala, L.: Katsarosite, IMA 2020-014, in: CNMNC Newsletter 57, Eur. J. Mineral., 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-495-2020, 2020.
Kemmlitzite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: microcrystalline
Colour: yellow
Description: Acquired from W. Wendel in 1999 SMAM show. EDS spectrum datas : El AN Series unn. C norm. C Atom. C Error (1 Sigma) [wt.%] [wt.%] [at.%] [wt.%] ----------------------------------------------------- O 8 K-series 27.33 45.70 71.43 3.41 Na 11 K-series 0.86 1.43 1.56 0.09 Al 13 K-series 5.54 9.27 8.59 0.30 S 16 K-series 2.24 3.75 2.92 0.11 K 19 K-series 0.71 1.19 0.76 0.05 Ca 20 K-series 0.70 1.17 0.73 0.05 Fe 26 K-series 9.58 16.02 7.17 0.30 Cu 29 K-series 0.14 0.24 0.09 0.04 As 33 K-series 8.34 13.94 4.65 0.33 Sr 38 L-series 4.36 7.29 2.08 0.22 Pb 82 L-series 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------- Total: 59.79 100.00 100.00
Reference: SEM-EDS analysed by Chollet Pascal at "Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans" - Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, IRD, UJM
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Keyite
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kochsándorite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kolwezite
Formula: CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kovdorskite
Formula: Mg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Dr. A. Godelitsas collection and analysis; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: No reference listed
Ktenasite (TL)
Formula: ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Kyrgyzstanite
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Lahnsteinite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: No reference listed
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Laurelite
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Laurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Type Locality:
Description: Note: The first find of laurionite (Köchlin, 1887) was not in a slag.
Reference: Köchlin, R. (1887): Ueber Phosgenit und ein muthmasslich neues Mineral vom Laurion. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 2, 185-190
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Elbin, K. and Wendel, W. (1996): Lavendulan aus Laurion. lapis: 21(11): 42-43.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Ioannis BAZIOTIS, Alexander PROYER and Evripidis MPOSKOS (2009) High-pressure/low-temperature metamorphism of basalts in Lavrion (Greece): implications for the preservation of peak metamorphic assemblages in blueschists and greenschists. Eur. J. Mineral. 21, 133–148
Lazaridisite (TL)
Formula: 3CdSO4 · 8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Lazaridisite, IMA 2012-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German). Rieck, B., Lengauer, C.L., Giester, G. (2019): Voudourisite, Cd(SO4)·H2O, and lazaridisite, Cd3(SO4)3·8H2O, two new minerals from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine, 83, 551-559.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lemanskiite
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O
Description: Material studied by Ondruš et al. (2005) revealed that it was lavendulan; however, after being powdered for X-ray study it changed to lemanskiite after a couple of days.
Reference: Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F, Sejkora, J., Skála, R., Pažout, R., Frýda, J., Gabašová, A., Vajdak, J. (2005): Lemanskiite, NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl•5H2O, a new mineral species from the Abundancia mine, Chile. Can. Mineral. 44, 523-531.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
'Limonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: CaZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Most (probably all) ludjibaite samples that came to the market after the description of Hanke (1995) were found to be conichalcite. As described by Wendel and Markl (1999) only one confirmed occurence is reported, in which ludjibaite had formed as the result of bird dung reacting with copper bearing species. HANKE, H. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde aus den attischen Bergwerken bei Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralienwelt 6/6, 62-72 (in German) WENDEL, W. and MARKL G.(1999), Lavrion: Mineralogiesche Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24/7 34-52 (in German)
Reference: No reference listed
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Lukrahnite
Formula: CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: No reference listed
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Leleu, M., Morikis, A. & Picot, P. (1973): Sur des minéralisations de type skarn au Laurium (Grèce). Mineral. Deposita 8, 259-263.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Habit: platy
Description: ID by SXRD by Gerald GIESTER (University of Vienna), SEM-EDS and Raman by Branko Rieck.
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection
Magnesiokoritnigite
Formula: Mg(AsO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24(7), 34 (1999); Lapis, 24(7), 68 (1999)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2018): Aus Lavrion, Griechenland: Prächtige neue Azurite und klassische Fluorite. Lapis 43 (5), 12-23.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
Manganarsite
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998) Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mapimite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Marrite
Formula: AgPbAsS3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Matildite var. Cupromatildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Matlockite ?
Formula: PbFCl
Description: Most likely confused with an occurrence in a slag
Reference: No reference listed
Mawbyite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Mcnearite
Formula: NaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Meixnerite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Mereiterite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (1995) Mereiterite, K2Fe[SO4]2•4H2O, a new leonite-type mineral from the Lavrion mining district, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 559-566.; Mineralogical Record 27: 304.
Metahohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Millosevichite
Formula: Al2(SO4)3
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Mimetite-M'
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: No reference listed
Minohlite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110. ; Panagiotis Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Luca Bindi, Robert Moritz, Melissa Ortelli and Tamara Kartal (2013) Extremely Re-Rich Molybdenite from Porphyry Cu-Mo-Au Prospects in Northeastern Greece: Mode of Occurrence, Causes of Enrichment, and Implications for Gold Exploration. Minerals 3, 165-191.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Monetite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH)
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Monteponite
Formula: CdO
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B. and Brandstätter, F. (1998): Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 63, 19-34. [locality given as "km 3"]; Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: No reference listed
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs as inclusions in aragonite.
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 24(7-8), 68-76; 90 (in German). J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mummeite
Formula: Cu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110.
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Petrascheck, W. E. (1977): Die Metallogenese von Laurium - granitischer Herd oder Paläokarst. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 28, 17-27 (in German).
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110.
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Description: Nakauriite from this locality contains up to 25% Mg for substituting Cu (analysis Branko Rieck).
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Description: Often confused with gordaite (J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.)
Reference: No reference listed
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: Na2Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)5 · 7H2O
Reference: C.Boutry Collection
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371. ; Giester, G; Lengauer, CL; Rieck, B: The crystal structure of nesquehonite, MgCO3•3H2O, from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 70 (2000), 153-163; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 34-52.
Nickelblödite
Formula: Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Purchased at Minerant (mineral show of the MKA) 2016 form unknown dealer. Re-analysis by Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD) showed it to be a member of the pyromorphite-mimetite series (EDS analysis planned).
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection (purchased; re-analysis showed that ID was wrong)
Nickelboussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Description: As dehydration product of morenosite; turns to powdery retgersite.
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 24(7-8), 68-76; 90 (in German).
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: CaNi2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German); Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press)
Nickeltsumcorite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2014) Nickeltsumcorite, IMA 2013-117. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niedermayrite (TL)
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B., and Brandstätter, F. (1998) Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 63: 19-34.; Hanke, H. and Jahn, S. (1998) Niedermayrit. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 12.; Hanke, H. (1998) Niedermayrit, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergbaugebiet Laurion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 13; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: No reference listed
Nováčekite-II
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Nuffieldite var. Argentonuffieldite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Ioannis BAZIOTIS, Alexander PROYER and Evripidis MPOSKOS (2009) High-pressure/low-temperature metamorphism of basalts in Lavrion (Greece): implications for the preservation of peak metamorphic assemblages in blueschists and greenschists. Eur. J. Mineral. 21, 133–148
Omsite
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ondrušite
Formula: CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ritter, K.-H. (1978): Hyalit und Langit von Lavrion. Lapis, 3(10), 11.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: No reference listed
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Osakaite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B. and Brandstätter, F. (1998): Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 63, 19-34. [locality given as "km 3"]; Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: No reference listed
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Horst Schabereiter, Branko Rieck and other collections
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: The occurence of paradamite was questioned without any real evidence (see https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,105,184543,192510#msg-192510). The ID is now firmly established with Raman, SEM-WDS and SXRD.
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74 Mineralienwelt 5/2018 p.75
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Parascorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Pentlandite
Formula: (NixFey)Σ9S8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Percylite'
Description: Later work by the author (Branko Rieck; see ref: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)) showed that the true identity was diaboleite; for details see Kolitsch et al. (2014).
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Peretaite
Formula: Ca(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Petrukite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 499-502.; Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results)
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: [MinRec 7:124]
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: FITROS, M. & KOUTSOPOULOU, E. (2014): Appearance of Piemontite from the Area of Lavreotiki. Forum of the Geological Community of Greece, 5 pp. (in Griechisch und Englisch)
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: No reference listed
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Plumboagardite
Formula: (Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Plumbopharmacosiderite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Prachařite (TL)
Formula: CaSb5+2(As3+2O5)2O2 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Sejkora, J., Topa, D., Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Rieck, B. and Fabritz, K.H. (2018) Prachařite, IMA 2018-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx]
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: No reference listed
Pseudocotunnite ?
Formula: K2PbCl4
Reference: [MinMax website]
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Pumpellyite-(Al)
Formula: Ca2AlAl2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2O
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: No reference listed
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Pyrostilpnite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: No reference listed
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Quartz var. Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var. Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Alkiviadis Tsolakos collection
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106. [p. 90, 93]
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: No reference listed
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: No reference listed
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Ransomite
Formula: CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Rapidcreekite
Formula: Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rauenthalite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Richelsdorfite
Formula: Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Reference: No reference listed
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: No reference listed
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Roméite Group var. Bismutostibiconite' ?
Formula: Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Description: For discussion on correct locality assignment see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-386768.html.
Reference: Skarpelis, N. (2007): The Lavrion deposit (SE Attica, Greece): geology, mineralogy and minor elements chemistry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 183, 227-249. [from Hilarion mine area close to Serpieri shaft]
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Rosasite var. Nickel-bearing Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rößlerite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: No reference listed
Sailaufite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Voudouris, V. Melfos, P. G. Spry, T. Bonsall, M. Tarkian and M. Economou-Eliopoulos (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Reference: No reference listed
Sclarite
Formula: Zn7(CO3)2(OH)10
Reference: Schnorrer, G. (2004): Mineralogische Notizen VIII. Der Aufschluss, 55 (6), 381-384.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Scrutinyite
Formula: α-PbO2
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Serpierite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Bertrand, E. (1881) Étude optique de différents minéraux. Bulletin de la Société Minéralogique de France 4, 87-89. [p. 89: "Nouveau minéral du Laurium"] Des Cloizeaux, M. (1881): Étude de différents minéraux. Bulletin de la Société Minéralogique de France 4, 89-96. [p. 89-92 on serpierite] Bertrand, E. (1881) Sur un nouveau minéral du Laurium. Bulletin de la Société Minéralogique de France 4, 135-136. [p. 136] Frenzel, A. (1895): Mineralogisches. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 14, 121-130 (in German). (Serpierite pp. 121-122) Ritter, K.-H. (1978): Hyalit und Langit von Lavrion. Lapis, 3(10), 11.
Sewardite
Formula: CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Shannonite
Formula: Pb2O(CO3)
Reference: [MinMax website]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Shubnikovite
Formula: Ca2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
Description: Samples studied proved to be lavendulan (Gröbner & Kolitsch, 2002). The material reported by Wendel (2000) was only analysed by EDS, but not XRD.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Analysed by Michalis Fitros - personal communication to Gerhard Brandstetter; Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2017): Uranmineralien und rote Barytkristalle: Erstfund von Sklodowskit in Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 42 (7-8), 58-65; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Slavkovite
Formula: Cu13(AsO4)6(AsO3OH)4 · 23H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Šlikite
Formula: Zn2Mg(CO3)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580; Mineralogical Record: 27: 304; Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
Sofiite ?
Formula: Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Description: Reported by Skarpelis and Argyraki (2009) without any details on method of analysis; considered questionable by Kolitsch et al. (2014), since no primäre Se mineral is known from Lavrion so far.
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Colleen Thomson collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: SKARPELIS, N. (2007): The Lavrion deposit (SE Attica, Greece): geology, mineralogy and minor elements chemistry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 183, 227-249.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: No reference listed
Stergiouite (TL)
Formula: CaZn2(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Giester, G., Lengauer, C. and Topa, D. (2019) IMA 2018-051a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 203; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204 Rieck, B., Giester, G., Lengauer, L.C., Chanmuang, C.N., Topa, D. (2020): Stergiouite, CaZn2(AsO4)2·4H2O – a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 114, 319-327.
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Reference: P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
'Stibioenargite'
Formula: Cu3(Sb,As)S4
Reference: Strunz (1957) (?)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Ioannis BAZIOTIS, Alexander PROYER and Evripidis MPOSKOS (2009) High-pressure/low-temperature metamorphism of basalts in Lavrion (Greece): implications for the preservation of peak metamorphic assemblages in blueschists and greenschists. Eur. J. Mineral. 21, 133–148
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Szomolnokite