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Lavrion District Mines, Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece

This page kindly sponsored by Branko Rieck
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 42' 0'' North , 24° 2' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.70000,24.05000
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Ορυχεία Περιοχής Λαυρίου, Αττική, Ελλάδα


This general "header" covers the minerals found in the many mines of the Lavrion District of Attiki, Greece. (There is a separate list for the ancient slag localities.)

Note: For information on mineralogy and geology, see 'Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium) District', http://www.mindat.org/loc-14187.html.

The name Lavrion is also often spelled "Laurium" (the ancient Latin spelling) and "Laurion" (which is the Anglicized version); "Lavrion" is the closest transliteration from the Greek alphabet and should be preferred. (Attiki is also often spelled either "Attika" or "Attica"; but - again - "Attiki" is the closest transliteration from the Greek alphabet.)

The various mines - and there are quite a few of them - are located within or near the town of Lavrion; the villages of Plaka and Agios Konstantinos (St. Constantine - previously named Kamareza, which is also often spelled "Kamariza," "Kameresa" and even "Camariza"); and in the "Areas" known as Elafos, Thorikos, Sounion, Soureza, Vromopoussi, etc... (There are very few actual towns or villages in the District - just the three named above - so the geography is described in many cases by "Areas" - such as the Sounion Area, which is an area south of Lavrion which is famous for its ancient Greek temple.) Some of the important mines are: Adami No. 2, Christiana, Jean Baptiste, Hilarion, Km-3 ("Km-3" refers to the Lavrion-Agios Konstantinos road kilometer marker near which the mine is located), Plaka mine no. 80, Serpieri, Sounion mine no. 6 ("Exi" mine), and Sounion mine no. 19. There are many others. The numbers are part of a district-wide (not town- or area-specific) numbering system devised by mining geologists and collectors to distinguish the many mines whose names have been lost in the mists of time.

NOTES:
- Several mines in the district are the type locality for species on this list. These are noted in the specific mine list for each species. The district is NOT the type locality for any of them, though - specific mines are.
- There are NO "Km-2" and "Km-4" mines, which some materials have been labeled as coming from. The correct locality for specimens labeled this way is usually the "Km-3" mine. The name "Adayir" seems to be a fictitious name for the Adami mine no. 2.

A small mineral museum with mainly superb and large specimens from the Lavrion district can be visited in Lavrion.
A further mineral and mining museum was opened in 2006 in Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza), which incorporates the Serpieri shaft as the outdoor part of the museum.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

var: Alumino Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

var: Cuprian Adamite

var: Manganoan Adamite

var: Nickeloan Adamite

'Agardite'

Agardite-(Ce)

Agardite-(La)

Agardite-(Nd) (TL)

Agardite-(Y)

Aikinite

var: Argentoaikinite

Albite

var: Andesine

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allanite-(Ce)

Allophane

Altaite

Aluminocopiapite

Alunite

Alunogen

Amarantite

Anatase

Andersonite

'Andorite'

Andradite

Anglesite

Ankerite

Annabergite

var: Magnesian Annabergite

Anorthite

Antimony

'Antimony Ochre'

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Aplowite

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Arfvedsonite

Argentojarosite

Argentopyrite

Arsendescloizite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

'Arsenobismite'

Arsenocrandallite

Arsenogorceixite

Arsenogoyazite

Arsenolamprite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Arsentsumebite

Arthurite

Artinite

Arzrunite

Asbolane

Atacamite

Atelestite

Attikaite (TL)

Aubertite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurorite

Austinite

var: Cuprian Austinite

Azurite

Baileychlore

Barahonaite-(Al)

Bariopharmacosiderite

Baryte

Bastnäsite-(La)

Bayldonite

Bayleyite

Beaverite-(Cu)

Bendadaite

Berthierite

Betekhtinite

Beudantite

'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'

Beyerite

Bianchite

Bieberite

Bílinite

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bobkingite

Boleite

Bornite

Botallackite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Boyleite

Brandtite

Brannerite

Brianyoungite

Briartite

Brochantite

Brookite

Brucite

Bukovskýite

'Calamine'

Calcite

Caledonite

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Carminite

Cattierite

Celestine

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcoalumite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcosiderite

Chalcostibite

Chamosite

Chenevixite

Chenite

Chlorargyrite

var: Bromian Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Christelite

Chrysocolla

Cinnabar

Claringbullite

Claudetite

Clinoatacamite

Clinoclase

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinozoisite

Cobaltaustinite

Cobaltite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copiapite

'Copiapite Group'

Copper

Coquimbite

Corkite

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

Cosalite

Cotunnite

Covellite

Creedite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cumengeite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuprocopiapite

Cyanotrichite

Dadsonite

Delafossite

Descloizite

Devilline

Diaboleite

Diaphorite

Dietrichite

Digenite

Dimorphite

Diopside

'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'

Djurleite

Dolomite

Drobecite (TL)

Dufrénite

Duftite

Dundasite

Dussertite

Dypingite

Dyscrasite

Dzhalindite

Elyite

Emplectite

Enargite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

Euchroite

Falkmanite

Famatinite

Ferrilotharmeyerite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferro-actinolite

Fibroferrite

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Fornacite

Fraipontite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

Fülöppite

Gaitite

Galena

'Garnet'

Gartrellite

Gaspéite

Gearksutite

Geocronite

Georgeite

Germanite

Gersdorffite

Gibbsite

Glaucocerinite (TL)

Goethite

Gold

Goldichite

Gorceixite

Gordaite

Goslarite

Goudeyite

Goyazite

Grandreefite

Grandviewite

Greenockite

Grossular

Groutite

Guérinite

Gunningite

'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halloysite-10Å

Halloysite-7Å

Halotrichite

Hawleyite

Hedenbergite

Heinrichite

Helmutwinklerite

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Herbertsmithite

Hetaerolite

Heteromorphite

Hexahydrite

Heyrovskýite

Hidalgoite

Hilarionite (TL)

Hinsdalite

Hisingerite

Hohmannite

Hollandite

Honessite

'Hornblende'

Hörnesite

Huntite

Hydrocerussite

Hydrohetaerolite

Hydrokenoralstonite

Hydromagnesite

Hydroniumjarosite

Hydrotalcite

Hydrowoodwardite

Hydrozincite

Ianthinite

Ilmenite

Jamesite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Johannite

Kaatialaite

Kamarizaite (TL)

Kaňkite

Kaolinite

Kapellasite (TL)

Katerinopoulosite (TL)

Kermesite

Kettnerite

Keyite

'K Feldspar'

Khademite

Kieserite

Kolwezite

Koritnigite

Kornelite

Köttigite

Krausite

Kröhnkite

Krupkaite

Ktenasite (TL)

Kyrgyzstanite

Lahnsteinite

Lanarkite

Langite

Lansfordite

Laumontite

Laurelite

Laurionite (TL)

Lautenthalite

Lavendulan

Lazaridisite (TL)

Leadhillite

Legrandite

Lemanskiite

Lepidocrocite

Lillianite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Litharge

Lizardite

Löllingite

Lotharmeyerite

Ludjibaite

Lukrahnite

Luzonite

Mackinawite

Magnesiocopiapite

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Mahnertite

Malachite

Maldonite

Manganarsite

'Manganese Oxides'

Manganite

Manjiroite

Mapimite

Marcasite

Marialite

Massicot

Matildite

var: Cupromatildite

Matlockite

Mawbyite

Meixnerite

Melanterite

Mereiterite (TL)

Metasideronatrite

Metavoltine

Miargyrite

Microcline

Millerite

Millosevichite

Mimetite

'Mimetite-M'

Minium

Mixite

Molybdenite

Monazite-(Ce)

Monetite

Monteponite

Montetrisaite

Mooihoekite

Moorhouseite

Morenosite

Mummeite

Murdochite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Nakauriite

Namuwite

Natroalunite

Natroglaucocerinite (TL)

Natrojarosite

Natropharmacoalumite

Népouite

Nesquehonite

Nickelaustinite

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Nickellotharmeyerite

Nickeltsumcorite (TL)

Niedermayrite (TL)

Nontronite

Nordstrandite

Nováčekite-II

Nuffieldite

var: Argentonuffieldite

Ojuelaite

Olivenite

Ondrušite

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Orpiment

Orthoclase

Orthoserpierite

Osakaite

Osarizawaite

Otavite

Ourayite

Owyheeite

Pääkkönenite

Paracoquimbite

Paragonite

Paralaurionite

Paramelaconite

Parascorodite

Parasymplesite

Paratacamite

Parnauite

Pecoraite

Penfieldite

Peretaite

Petrukite

Pharmacoalumite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Philipsbornite

Philipsburgite

Phosgenite

Pickeringite

Picropharmacolite

Pitticite

Plagionite

Plattnerite

Plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Polybasite

Polydymite

Polyhalite

Posnjakite

Preisingerite

Prosopite

Proustite

Pseudoboleite

Pseudocotunnite ?

'Psilomelane'

Pumpellyite-(Al)

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrostilpnite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Chalcedony

var: Milky Quartz

var: Sceptre Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Quenstedtite

Ramdohrite

Rammelsbergite

Ramsdellite

Ransomite

Realgar

Rhodochrosite

Rhomboclase

Richelsdorfite

Rickardite

Robinsonite

Romanèchite

Römerite

Rooseveltite

Roquesite

Rosasite

var: Nickeloan Rosasite

Rosickýite

Rößlerite

Rostite

Rozenite

Rutile

Safflorite

Sainfeldite

Saponite

Sauconite

Scheelite

Schulenbergite

Schultenite

Sclarite

Scorodite

Scrutinyite

Segnitite

Semseyite

Senaite

Senarmontite

Sepiolite

Serpierite (TL)

Shannonite

Siderite

Sideronatrite

Siderotil

Siegenite

Silver

Sklodowskite

Slavíkite

Slavkovite

Smithsonite

Sofiite ?

Spangolite

Sphalerite

Spherocobaltite

Stannite

Starkeyite

Stephanite

Stibarsen

'Stibiconite'

'Stibioenargite'

Stibnite

Stolzite

Strashimirite

Strontianite

Sulphur

Symplesite

Synchysite-(Ce)

Takovite

Talmessite

Talnakhite

Tamarugite

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

var: Argentian Tetrahedrite

Thometzekite

Thorite

Titanite

Todorokite

Tridymite

Trippkeite

Tripuhyite

Troilite

Tsumcorite

Tyrolite

Uklonskovite

Ullmannite

'UM1985-07-OH:AlCuSZn'

'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'

'Unnamed (Ca Arsenate Hydrate)'

'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Brandtite)'

'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)'

'Unnamed (Zn Sulphate-Hydroxide-Chloride-Hydrate)'

Uranophane

Ustarasite

Vaesite

Valentinite

Vanadinite

Vauquelinite

Veenite

Vernadite

Vesuvianite

Veszelyite

Violarite

Vladimirite

Voltaite

Voudourisite (TL)

'Wad'

Wallkilldellite

Warikahnite

Willemite

Willemseite

Wittichenite

Wollastonite

Woodruffite

Woodwardite

Wroewolfeite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Xanthiosite

Xanthoconite

Xenotime-(Y)

Zaccagnaite

Zálesíite

Zavaritskite

Zdenĕkite

'Zeiringite'

Zincaluminite (TL)

Zincmelanterite

Zincocopiapite

Zincolivenite (TL)

Zincowoodwardite (TL)

Zincrosasite

Zinkenite

Zircon


521 valid minerals. 20 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 1381151
Jurassic intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.

Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Boeckh, A. (1818) Über die Laurischen Silberbergwerke in Attika. Abhandlungen der preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: Historisch-philologische Klasse 1814-1815, 85-140 (in German).
Cordella, A. (1869) Le Laurium. Cayer & Co., Marseille, 120 pp.
Nasse, R. (1873) Mitteilungen über die Geologie von Laurion und den dortigen Bergbau. Zeitschr. für das Berg-, Hütten- und Salinenwesen in dem preussischen Staat, 21, 12-22.
Cordella, A. (1878) Notes sur les mines du Laurium et sur les nouveaux gîtes de minerai de zinc. Bull. Soc. géol. Fr., Paris, sér. 3, vol. VI, 577-581.
Dietz, E. (1886) Geognostische, berg- und hüttenmännische Mittheilungen über das alte Laurion. Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung 45, 263-265, 271-273.
vom Rath, G. (1887) Über die Geologie von Attika, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hymittos und Lavrions. Sitzgsber. d. Naturhist. Ver. d. Rheinl. u. Westf. 44, 77-106.
Zboinski, C.H.T. (1889) L’Attique décrite au point de vue géologique, métallifère, minier et métallurgique. Mémoires de la Société Belge de Géologie, III, 137-148.
Lang, O. (1890) Die Erzlager von Laurion. Prometheus, I, Nr. 25, 392-396.
Gobantz, A. (1894) Die laurischen Silberbergwerke in alter Zeit. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Berg- und Hüttenwesen 42, 123-130.
Binder, J. (1895) Laurion. Die attischen Bergwerke im Alterthum. Jahresbericht der k.u.k. Staats-Oberrealschule in Laibach für das Schuljahr 1894/95. Kleinmayr u. Bamberg, Laibach, 54 pp. [http://archive.org/details/lauriondieattisc00bind]
Ardaillon, E. (1897) Les Mines du Laurion dans l'Antiquité. Fontemoing, Paris, 216 pp.
Smith, G.F.H. and Prior, G.T. (1899) On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 12, n° 55, 102-110.
Négris, Ph. (1901) Plissements et dislocations de l’écorce terrestre en Grèce. Leurs rapports avec les phénomènes glaciaires et les effondrements dans l'Océan Atlantique. P. D. Sakellarios Imprimeur, Athens, and C. Béranger, Paris, 209 pp.
Guillaume, L. (1910) Smelting Refractory Lead Ores at Laurium. Engineering and Mining Journal 88, 446-467.
Édouard Ardaillon (1911) Les Mines du Laurion dans l'antiquité", No. Ixxvii. of the Bibliothéque des Ecoles Françaises d'Athênes et de Rome. In: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica_Eleventh_Edition]
Berger, L. (1914) Das Erzgebiet von Laurium. Metall und Erz XI (N.F. II), 149-160.
Marinos, G. and Petrascheck, W.E. (1956) Geology and ore deposits of Laurium. Inst. geol. geophys. Meletai 4 (No. 1), 1-247; English 223-236.
Conophagos, C.E. (1960) A forgotten method of cupellation of argentiferous lead employed by the ancient Greeks. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 11, 137-149 (in French).
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432. (includes reference to beudantite from "Laurium".)
Zeschke, G. (1963) Das Mineralvorkommen von Kassandra und Laurion, Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 14 (5), 125-129 (in German).
Leleu, M. and Weppe, M. (1964) The mineralized karsts at Laurium (Greece). Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de France 1964, 105-106 (in French).
Leleu, M. (1966) Les gisements plombo-zincifères du Laurium (Grèce). Sciences de la Terre, XI, no. 3, 293-343 (in French).
Leleu, M. and Morikis, A. (1967) Low temperature sulfides in mines in Laurium (Attic). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 90, 241-245 (in French).
Leleu, M. (1969) Attempt at thermodynamic interpretation in metallogeny: the karst mineralization of Laurium, Greece. Bulletin du Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres, Section 2: Geologie Appliquee, Chronique des Mines (France), (4), 1-62 (in French).
Marakis, G. (1970) Age of the sulfide mineralization in the Cyclades area. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 19, 695-700 (in Greek). [dating of granodiorite]
Leleu, M., Morikis, A., and Picot, P. (1973) Sur des minéralisations de type skarn au Laurium (Grèce). Mineralium Deposita 8, 259-263.
Mitsaki, V.D. (1974) Thermoluminescence of fluorites of Laurium. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques, 25, 21-32 (in Greek).
Conophagos, C. (1975) Smelting furnaces and the technique of smelting argentiferous lead ores of Laurium in ancient Greece. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 26, 338-366 (in Greek).
Marinos, G. and Makris, J. (1975) Geological and geophysical considerations of new mining possibilities in Laurium, Greece. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 27, 1-10.
Economou, M. and Sideris, C. (1976) A mineralized brecciated granodiorite porphyry in the Laurium mines, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 128, 209-218.
Frentzel, G. (1976) Mineralfundmöglichkeiten aus der Umgebung von Lavrion. Griechenland. Aufschluss, 27, 281-282.
Kohlberger, W. (1976) Minerals of the Laurium Mines, Attica, Greece. Mineralogical Record, 7, 114-125.
Hanauer, A. and Heinrich, G. (1977) Laurium, Silberbrunnen der Athener - Erzabbau im antiken Griechenland. Mineralien-Magazin, 1 (3), 101-107.
Petrascheck, W.E. (1977) Die Metallogenese von Laurium - granitischer Herd oder Paläokarst? Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 28, 17-27 (in German).
Grolig, H. and Grolig, E. (1978) Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Conophagos, C.E. (1980) Le Laurium antique et la technique grecque de la production de l'argent. Ekdotike Hellados (National Technical University), Athens, Greece, 458 pp. (in French).
Pernicka, E. (1981) Archäometallurgische Untersuchungen zur antiken Silbergewinnung in Laurion. I. Chemische Analyse griechischer Blei-Silber-Erze. Erzmetall 34, 396-400.
Niedermayr, G. (1982) Neues von Lavrion. Spangolith der Oxidationszone. LAPIS 7 (6), 16-17.
Jones, J.E. (1984) Ancient Athenian silver mines, dressing floors and smelting sites. Historical Metallurgy, 18, 65-81.
Knoll, O. (1988) Ore mineralogy and fluid inclusions on Pb-Zn ores from Lavrion/Greece. Thesis, University of Hamburg, 72 pp.
Kalcyk, H. and Heinrich, G. (1991) Neues aus Laureion - Zur Infrastruktur und Topographie des antiken Bergreviers. Der Anschnitt 43, 186-196.
Vourlakos, N. (1992) The minerals of Lavreotiki and the mineral components of its rocks. Library of the Society of Lavreotiki Studies, Lavrion, Publication No. 5, 31 pp. (in Greek).
Katerinopoulos, A. and Zissimopoulou, E. (1994) New mineral occurrences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Katerinopoulos, A. and Zissimopoulou, E. (1994) Minerals of the Lavrion mines. The Greek Association of Mineral and Fossil Collectors, Athens, Greece, 304 pp. (in Greek).
Hanke, H. (1995) Über neue Mineralienfunde aus den attischen Bergwerken bei Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 6 (6), 62-72.
Elbin, K. and Wendel, W. (1996) Lavendulan aus Laurion. Lapis: 21(11): 42-43 (in German).
Hanke, H. (1996) Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W., and Prachar, I. (1998) Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K.H., Mühlbauer, W., and Prachar, I. (1998) … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Tsokas, G.N., Stampolidis, A., Angelopoulos, A.D., and Kilias, S. (1998) Analysis and potential field anomalies in Lavrion mining area, Greece. Geophysics 63, 1965-1970.
Markl, G. (1999) Die Geologie der Vererzungen von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 20-23 (in German).
Rieck, B. (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis: 24(7-8): 68-76, 90 (in German).
Schnorrer, G. and Breitenbach, H. (1999) Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209.
Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. Lapis 24 (7-8), 34-52; 90.
Wendel, W. (2000) Laurion-News 2000. Lapis: 25(10): 45-47. (in German).
Möckel, S. (2001) Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis: 26(11): 43 (in German).
Photiades, A. and Carras, N. (2001) Stratigraphy and geological structure of the Lavrion area (Attica, Greece). Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 34, 103-109.
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2002) Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371 (in German).
Rehren, T. (2002) Ores from the ore washeries in the Lavriotiki. Metalla 9, 27-46.
Skarpelis, N. (2002) Geodynamics and evolution of the Miocene mineralization in the Cycladic-Pelagonian belt, Hellenides. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, 2191-2209.
Voudouris, P. and Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003) Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Voudouris, P., Tsolakos, A., Papanikitas, A., and Solomos, C. (2004) Nicht nur Mikromounts: Neufunde aus Lavrion 2003. Lapis, 29 (4), 13-15; 50.
Solomos, C., Voudouris, P., and Katerinopoulos, A. (2004) Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Dermatis, G.N. (2004) Lavrion - from fountains of silver to mines of culture. Municipality of Lavrion, Lavrion, Greece, 101 pp. (in Greek and English).
Kepper, J. (2005) Third contact ore mineralogy at Laurium, Greece. Historical Metallurgy, 39(1), 1-11.
Voudouris, P. (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Bonsall, T.A., Spry, P.G., Voudouris, P., St. Seymour, K., Tombros, S., and Melfos, V. (2007) Fluid inclusion and stable isotope characteristics of carbonate replacement Pb-Zn-Ag deposits in the Lavrion district, Greece. In Andrews, C.J., et al. (Eds.), Mineral exploration and research: Digging deeper. Proceedings of the Ninth Biennial SGA Meeting, Dublin, 2007, Irish Association for Economic Geology, Dublin, 283-286.
Schreiber, F. and Hammer, V.M.F. (2007) Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Skarpelis, N. (2007) The Lavrion deposit (SE Attica, Greece): geology, mineralogy and minor elements chemistry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 183, 227-249.
Domergue, C. (2008) Les mines antiques: la production des métaux aux époques grecque et romaine, Picard, xx pp.
Skarpelis, N., Tsikouras, B., and Pe-Piper, G. (2008) The Miocene igneous rocks in the Basal unit of Lavrion (SE Attica, Greece): Petrology and geodynamic implications. Geological Magazine, 145, 1-15.
Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008) Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110.
Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M., and Solomos, C. (2008) Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Liati, A., Skarpelis, N., and Pe-Piper, G. (2009) Late Miocene magmatic activity in the Attic-Cycladic Belt of the Aegean (Lavrion, SE Attica, Greece): implications for the geodynamic evolution and timing of ore deposition. Geological Magazine, 146, 732-742.
Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009) The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Galanos, E. (2009) ΝΕΑ ΕΜΦΑΝΙΣΗ ΣΚΑΡΝ ΚΑΙ ΓΡΑΝΟΔΙΟΡΙΤΙΚΩΝ ΦΛΕΒΩΝ ΣΤΗΝ ΚΑΜΑΡΙΖΑ ΛΑΥΡΙΟΥ ΚΑΙ Η ΠΙΘΑΝΗ ΤΗΣ ΣΧΕΣΗ ΜΕ ΤΙΣ ΠΑΡΑΓΕΝΕΣΕΙΣ Ni-ΟΥΧΩΝ ΟΡΥΚΤΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΠΕΡΙΟΧΗΣ. Diploma Thesis, University of Athens, Greece, 68 pp. (in Greek).
Tombros, S.F., St. Seymour, K., Spry, P.G., and Bonsall, T.A. (2010) The isotopic signature of the mineralizing fluid of the Lavrion carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag district. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 40, Proceedings of the 12th International Congress, May 2010 Patras, Greece, 2406-2416.
Bonsall, T.A., Spry, P.G., Voudouris, P.C., Tombros, S., Seymour, K.S., and Melfos, V. (2011) The geochemistry of carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization in the Lavrion district, Attica, Greece: fluid inclusion, stable isotope, and rare earth element studies. Economic Geology 106, 619-651.
Rieck, B. (2012) Neue Minerale aus dem Lagerstätten-Bezirk Lavrion/Griechenland und den Kalahari Mangan Feldern/Republik Südafrika. PhD Thesis (unpubl.), University of Vienna, 183 pp. (in German).
Berger, A., Schneider, D.A., Grasemann, B., and Stöckli, D. (2013) Footwall mineralization during Late Miocene extension along the West Cycladic Detachment System, Lavrion, Greece. Terra Nova 25, 181-191.
Kolitsch, U. and Giester, G. (2013) The crystal structure of a new secondary zinc mineral from Lavrion, Greece: Zn9(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2•6H2O. Poster, MinPet 2013, September 19-23; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 159, 74.
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G., and Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G., and Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German). [Part II of two-part article; includes list of all new finds from both mines and slags]
Spry, P.G., Mathur, R.D., Bonsall, T.A., Voudouris, P.C., and Melfos, V. (2014) Re-Os evidence for mixed source components in carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag deposits in the Lavrion district, Attica, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 108, 503-513.
Spry, P.G., Mathur, R.D., Bonsall, T.A., Voudouris, P.C., and Melfos, V. (2014) Erratum to: Re–Os isotope evidence for mixed source components in carbonate-replacement Pb–Zn–Ag deposits in the Lavrion district, Attica, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 108, 607-608.
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., and Voudouris, P. (2015) Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Samouhos, M., Zavašnik, J., Rečnik, A., Godelitsas, A., Chatzitheodoridis, E., and Sanakis, Y. (2015) Spectroscopic and nanoscale characterization of blue-coloured smithsonite (ZnCO3) from Lavrion historical mines (Greece). Periodico di Mineralogia 84, 373-388.
Rieck, B. and Kolitsch, U. (numerous results and new finds, will be submitted in December 2017).

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