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Greenland, Denmarki
Regional Level Types
GreenlandConstituent Country
DenmarkCountry

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Name in Danish:Grønland, Danmark
Name in French:Groenland, Danemark
Name in German:Grönland, Dänemark
Name in Greenlandic:Kalaallit Nunaat, Danmarki
Name in Italian:Groenlandia, Danimarca
Name in Russian:Гренландия, Дания
Name in Simplified Chinese:格陵兰, 丹麦
Name in Spanish:Groenlandia, Dinamarca
Name in Afrikaans:Groenland, Denemarke
Name in Albanian:Groenlanda, Danimarka
Name in Alemannic:Grönland, Dänemark
Name in Amharic:ግሪንላንድ, ዴንማርክ
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Grēneland, Denemearc
Name in Arabic:جرينلاند, الدنمارك
Name in Aragonese:Gronlandia, Dinamarca
Name in Armenian:Գրենլանդիա, Դանիա
Name in Asturian:Groenlandia, Dinamarca
Name in Azeri:Qrenlandiya, Danimarka
Name in Basque:Groenlandia, Danimarka
Name in Bavarian:Grenland, Dänemark
Name in Belarusian:Востраў Грэнландыя, Данія
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Грэнляндыя, Данія
Name in Bengali:গ্রিনল্যান্ড, ডেনমার্ক
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:গ্রীনল্যান্ড, ডেনমার্ক
Name in Bosnian:Grenland, Danska
Name in Breton:Greunland, Danmark
Name in Bulgarian:Гренландия, Дания
Name in Burmese:ဂရင်းလန်ကျွန်း, ဒိန်းမတ်နိုင်ငံ
Name in Catalan:Groenlàndia, Dinamarca
Name in Chechen:Гренланди, Дани
Name in Cherokee:ᎢᏤᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᏗᏂᎹᎦ
Name in Chuvash:Гренланди, Дани
Name in Cornish:Greunland, Danmark
Name in Croatian:Grenland
Name in Czech:Grónsko, Dánsko
Name in Dutch:Groenland, Denemarken
Name in Dutch Low Saxon:Gruunlaand
Name in Egyptian Arabic:جرينلاند, دنمارك
Name in Esperanto:Gronlando, Danio
Name in Estonian:Gröönimaa, Taani
Name in Extremaduran:Groenlandia, Dinamarca
Name in Faroese:Grønland
Name in Farsi/Persian:گرینلند, دانمارک
Name in Fiji Hindi:Greenland, Denmark
Name in Finnish:Grönlanti, Tanska
Name in Franco-Provençal:Grônlande, Danemârc
Name in Gagauz:Grenlandiya, Daniya
Name in Galician:Groenlandia, Dinamarca
Name in Georgian:გრენლანდია, დანია
Name in Greek:Γροιλανδία, Δανία
Name in Guarani:Gyroẽlándia, Ndinamáka
Name in Haitian:Groenlann, Danmak
Name in Hakka:Greenland, Tân-ma̍k
Name in Hebrew:גרינלנד, דנמרק
Name in Hindi:ग्रीनलैण्ड, डेनमार्क
Name in Hungarian:Grönland, Dánia
Name in Icelandic:Grænland, Danmörk
Name in Ido:Grenlando, Dania
Name in Iloko:Greenland, Dinamarka
Name in Indonesian:Greenland, Denmark
Name in Interlingua:Groenlandia, Danmark
Name in Inuktitut:ᐊᑯᑭᑦᑐᑦ
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Ghraonlainn, An Danmhairg
Name in Japanese:グリーンランド, デンマーク
Name in Javanese:Tanah Ijo, Dhènemarken
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Groenlandia, Danimarka
Name in Kabiye:Krowelandɩ
Name in Kalmyk:Гренландин Арл, Данскгин Нутуг
Name in Kannada:ಗ್ರೀನ್‍ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Гренландия, Дания
Name in Kinyarwanda:Goronulande, Danimarike
Name in Komi:Гренландия, Дания
Name in Konkani:ग्रीनलँड, डेन्मार्क
Name in Korean:그린란드, 덴마크
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Grînlenda, Danîmarka
Name in Kyrgyz:Гренландия
Name in Latin:Groenlandia, Dania
Name in Latvian:Grenlande, Dānija
Name in Ligurian:Gròenlandia, Danemarca
Name in Limburgian:Greunland, Denemarke
Name in Lingala:Groenlandi, Danemark
Name in Lithuanian:Grenlandija, Danija
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Gröönland, Däänmark
Name in Lower Sorbian:Grönlandska, Dańska
Name in Luxembourgish:Grönland, Dänemark
Name in Macedonian:Гренланд, Данска
Name in Maithili:ग्रीनल्याण्ड
Name in Malagasy:Groenlanda, Danmarka
Name in Malay:Greenland, Denmark
Name in Malayalam:ഗ്രീൻലാൻഡ്, ഡെന്മാർക്ക്
Name in Manx:Greenlynn, Yn Danvarg
Name in Maori:Greenland, Tenemāka
Name in Marathi:ग्रीनलँड, डेन्मार्क
Name in Mazanderani:گرینلند
Name in Meadow Mari:Гренландий, Даний
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Greenland, Dăng-măh
Name in Mingrelian:გრენლანდია, დანია
Name in Mongolian:Гренланд, Дани
Name in Navajo:Haʼaʼaahjí Hakʼaz Dineʼé Bikéyah, Chʼah Bideeʼí Dineʼé Bikéyah Yázhí
Name in Nepali:ग्रीनल्याण्ड
Name in Northern Frisian:Greenlun, Dånmark
Name in Northern Sami:Kalaallit Nunaat, Dánmárku
Name in Norwegian:Grønland, Danmark
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Grønland, Danmark
Name in Novial:Verdi-lande, Dania
Name in Occitan:Groenlàndia
Name in Odia:ଗ୍ରୀନଲାଣ୍ଡ
Name in Ossetian:Гренланди, Дани
Name in Papiamento:Groenlandia, Dinamarka
Name in Picard:Groenland, Danemark
Name in Piedmontese:Groenlandia, Danimarca
Name in Polish:Grenlandia, Dania
Name in Portuguese:Gronelândia, Dinamarca
Name in Punjabi:ਗਰੀਨਲੈਂਡ
Name in Quechua:Kalalit Suyu, Dansuyu
Name in Romanian:Groenlanda, Danemarca
Name in Rusyn:Ґронсько, Даньско
Name in Samogitian:Grenlandėjė, Danėjė
Name in Sardinian:Groenlàndia
Name in Saterland Frisian:Gräinlound
Name in Scots:Greenland, Denmark
Name in Scottish Gaelic:A' Ghraonlainn
Name in Serbian:Гренланд, Данска
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Grenland, Danska
Name in Sicilian:Groenlannia
Name in Silesian:Grynlandyjo, Dańijo
Name in Sinhalese:ග්‍රීන්ලන්තය, ඩෙන්මාර්කය
Name in Slovak:Grónsko, Dánsko
Name in Slovenian:Grenlandija, Danska
Name in Somali:Griinland
Name in South Azerbaijani:قرینلند, دانمارک
Name in Sundanese:Lemah Héjo
Name in Swahili:Greenland, Denmark
Name in Swedish:Grönland, Danmark
Name in Tagalog:Greenland, Dinamarka
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Гренландия, Дания
Name in Tamil:கிறீன்லாந்து, டென்மார்க்
Name in Telugu:గ్రీన్‌లాండ్, డెన్మార్క్
Name in Thai:กรีนแลนด์, ประเทศเดนมาร์ก
Name in Tibetan (Standard):གེ་རེན་ལ, དན་མྲག
Name in Tok Pisin:Greenland, Denmak
Name in Traditional Chinese:格陵蘭, 丹麥
Name in Turkish:Grönland, Danimarka
Name in Ukrainian:Ґренландія, Данія
Name in Upper Sorbian:Grönlandska, Danska
Name in Urdu:گرین لینڈ, ڈنمارک
Name in Uyghur:گرېنلاندىيە, دانىيە
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Grenlandiya
Name in Venetian:Groenlandia, Danimarca
Name in Vietnamese:Greenland, Đan Mạch
Name in Waray:Greenland, Dinamarka
Name in Welsh:Yr Ynys Las, Denmarc
Name in West Flemish:Groenland, Denemarkn
Name in West Frisian:Grienlân, Denemark
Name in Western Punjabi:گرین لینڈ, ڈنمارک
Name in Wolof:Groenlaand, Danmaark
Name in Wu Chinese:格陵兰, 丹麦
Name in Yakut:Гренландия, Дания
Name in Yiddish:גרינלאנד, דענמארק
Name in Yoruba:Grínlándì, Dẹ́nmárkì
Name in Zazaki:Gronlanda, Danimarka
Name in Zeelandic:Hroenland, Denemarken
Area:2,166,086 km2
Locality type:Constituent Country


Greenland is since 2009 been divided into 4 municipalities; Kujalleq, Qaasuitsup, Qeqqata, and Sermersooq, beside the large Northeast Greenland National Park.

It was earlier divided into 3 counties: West Greenland (Vestgrønland), East Greenland (Østgrønland), and North Greenland (Nordgrønland): In 1979 these counties were changed to the greenlandish names: Kitaa, Tunu and Avanna, respectively.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

481 valid minerals. 84 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Acuminite (TL)
Formula: Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Description: Found in 2 cavities in a singlehanded specimen
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1987) 502-514; Nickel & Nichols, 1991]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aenigmatite (TL)
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"] + Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Petersen, O. V and K Secher (1993) The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24:36; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Holtstam, Dan (2006) Akaganéite as a corrosion product of natural, non-meteoritic iron from Qeqertarsuaq, West Greenland. Gff-Uppsala: 128(1): 69-71.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Ancylite'
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Ancylite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Meddelelser om Grønland (1900): 24: 49; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages (p.160-161); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 286, 292; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 280; Mineralogical Record: 2: 18; Mineralogical Record: 5: 119.
'Ancylite Group'
Description: An ancylite with Nd dominatig the the REE elements
Reference: Petersen, O.V, Niedermayr, G., Gault, R.A., Brandstätter, F. Micheelsen, H.I. & Giester G. (2001): Ancylite-(La) from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, no. 106. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2001(11), 493-504
Ancylite-(La)
Formula: LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
'Animikite'
Description: A mixture of Silver, Galena and Nickeline
Reference: Semenov, E. (2001): Notes on Ephesite, Terskite, Na-Komarovite, Ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), Joaquinite-(Ce) and other minerals from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 123-125
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Deer, Howie & Zussman (1963) Vol 4, 120
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Anthophyllite-Gedrite Series'
Reference: Uitterdijk Appel, P.W. & Jensen, A. (1987): A new gem material from Greenland: Iridescent orthoamphibole. Gems & Mineralogy. Spring 1987, 36-42
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Yttriumapatite'
Reference: Flink, G. (1899): Part I. On the Minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in South Greenland, p.8-180. In Flink, G., Bøgghild, O.B. & Winther, C. med inledende bemærkninger af Ussing, N. V. (1901): Undersøgelser af Mineralier fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24: 1-213 Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.178)
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Arcubisite (TL)
Formula: Ag6CuBiS4
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos (1976) 9, 253-257; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Arfvedsonite (TL)
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Lorenzen, J. (1882): On some minerals from the Sodalite-Syenite in Julianehaab district, south Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No 23, Vol. V, 49-70
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.151]
Ashcroftine-(Y) (TL)
Formula: K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nature,(1932) 130, p. 858 and Mineralogical Magazine(1933) 23, 305-308; Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.410-411)
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Augite var: Ferrohedenbergite
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.; Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Benson, W.N. (1940): Kaersutite and other brown Amphiboles in the Cainozoic Igneous rocks of the Dunedin District, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 69, 283-308
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Avicennite
Formula: Tl2O3
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
'Barkevikite'
Bartonite
Formula: K6Fe20S26S
Reference: Friis, H. (2016). First occurrence of moskvinite-(Y) in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland–implications for rare-earth element mobility. Mineralogical Magazine, 80(1), 31-41.
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Distribution and mineralogy of rare earth element–Zr–Nb–Ta mineralisation within pegmatite sheets at Citadellet, Kangerdlugssuaq alkaline intrusion, East Greenland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 212.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Behoite
Formula: Be(OH)2
Reference: Friis, H. (2015): Første funn av behoitt på Grønland. Stein. 42 (1),30-31
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Bertrandite var: Gel-Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Emerald ?
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.257]
Beryllite
Formula: Be3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Betalomonosovite
Formula: Na64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3(OH)][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bitumen'
Reference: Jakobsen, U. H., & Steenfelt, A. (1985). Zinc mineralisation at Navarana Fjord, central North Greenland. Rapport Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse, 126, 105-109.
Bogdanovite
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Bøggildite (TL)
Formula: Na2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Type Locality:
Reference: [Acta Chem.Scand.(1954) 8, 136 and Meddr Gronland,(1956) 137, 6, p.1: Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual, p24]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bøgvadite (TL)
Formula: Na2SrBa2Al4F20
Type Locality:
Reference: [Bull.geol.Soc.Denmark,(1988) 37, 21-30; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p82]; Petersen, O. V and K Secher (1993) The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24:36
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bohseite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Type Locality:
Reference: Friis, H., Makovicky, E., Weller, M.T. and Lemée-Cailleau, M.-H. (2010) Bohseite, IMA 2010-026. CNMNC Newsletter, 2010, page 800; Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 797-800
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Britholite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Habit: apparently hexagonal, prisms
Colour: brown
Reference: Winther, C. (1901): Britholite, a new mineral. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24, 190-196; Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Buchwaldite (TL)
Formula: NaCa(PO4)
Type Locality:
Description: From the Agpalilik fragment.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1977) 62, 362-364; Handbook of Mineralogy
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Burpalite
Formula: Na2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Carlgieseckeite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NaNdCa3(PO4)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V.,Husdal, T.A., Kononkova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zadov, A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012): Carlgieseckeite-(Nd), NaNdCa3(PO4)3F, a new belovite-group mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 571-580
Carlsbergite (TL)
Formula: CrN
Type Locality:
Description: From the Agpalilik fragment
Reference: Nature (1971) 233, 113-114; Handbook of Mineralogy
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Russ Rizzo collection via A. Petrov
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Karup-Møller, Sven A. and Hans Pauly (1979). Galena and associated ore minerals from the cryolite at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. Greenland Geoscience 2, l-25.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.421)
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chalcolamprite'
Habit: octahedral
Description: crystals up to 5mm
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.113);Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chalcothallite (TL)
Formula: Tl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4
Reference: Semenov, E.I., Sørensen, H., Bessmertnaja, M.S. & Novorossova, L.E. (1967): Chalcothallite – a new sulphide of copper and thallium from the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Bulletin Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse 683, 13–26 (also Meddelelser om Grønland 181(5), 13-26).
Chesterite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Reference: http://epsc.wustl.edu/admin/whatsnew/photo_album/week/pw2006-12-06.htm
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Description: Cumulus phase in a layered syenite (normally graded : mafic base and feldspar upwards).
Reference: Parsons, I. and Butterfield, A. W. (1981): Sedimentary features of the Nunarssuit and Klokken syenites, S Greenland. Journal of the Geological Society. 138 (3), 289-306.
'Chevkinite Group'
Chiolite
Formula: Na5Al3F14
Habit: Grainy masses
Colour: white
Description: First described under the name arksutite, later showed to be chiolite (Nordenskiöld 1886)
Reference: Nordenshiöld, A. E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. 10. Arksutit från Ivigtut i Grönland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger 8: 172-175; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 124; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Chkalovite
Formula: Na2BeSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Chlorbartonite
Formula: K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Reference: Friis, H. (2016). First occurrence of moskvinite-(Y) in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland–implications for rare-earth element mobility. Mineralogical Magazine, 80(1), 31-41.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Dymek, Brothers, and Schiffries, 1988: Journal of Petrology 29(6):153-1397.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Description: The clinopyroxenes are intermediate in composition with between 33,7% and 42.5 mol% of the clinoenstatite and diopside compoents, and up to 11.5% of other end member compositions. The dominant molecule varies between different rock samples and the highest clinoenstatite content reported is 40.1% in a brecciated pegmatitic gabbro.
Reference: Kent Brooks, R.G Platt (1975): Kaersutite-bearing gabbroic inclusions and the late dike swarm of Kangerdlugssuaq, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine Vol 40 pp 259-283
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Clinohumite var: Titanclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: MinRec 24:1-15; Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15, 5-9 (in danish)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Blomstrand, G. W., 1866, Journal fur Praktische Chemie, v. 99, p. 41.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - 24 No 2]
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1989) Hydrated Iron Sulphate Occurrences at Navarana Fjord, Central North Greenland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark, v. 37, pp. 175-180.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cordylite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in pegmatite veins in nepheline-syenite.
Reference: Flink, G. (1899): Part I. On the Minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in South Greenland, p.8-180. In Flink, G., Bøgghild, O.B. & Winther, C. med inledende bemærkninger af Ussing, N. V. (1901): Undersøgelser af Mineralier fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24: 1-213 (p.42); Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages (p.158-160)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cryolite (TL)
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: Scherer's Allg. Journal D. Chemie,(1799) 2, p. 502; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 112.;Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cryolithionite (TL)
Formula: Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Type Locality:
Reference: Overs. K. D. (1904) Vid. Selsk. Forh.: 1: 3; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprostibite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Reference: Karup-Moeller, S., Makovicky E. (2001): Thalcusite from Nakkaalaaq, the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 127-130
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Djurleite ?
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2003): N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 12: 543-555
Dorfmanite
Formula: Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dyrnaesite-(La) (TL)
Formula: Na8Ce4+(La,REE)2(PO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Rønsbo, J.G., Balić-Žunić, T. and Petersen, O.V. (2015) Dyrnaesite-(La), IMA 2014-070. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 54; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.; Rønsbo, J.G., Balić-Žunić, T., Petersen, O.V. (20167): Dyrnaesite-(La) a new hyperagpaitic mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine: 81:, 103–111
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Need to be checked if it can be assigned to eckermannite according to the redefinition by IMA (IMA2013-136).
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Elpidite (TL)
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Lindström G (1894) Elpidit, ett nytt mineral från Igaliko, Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 16, 330-335; Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.243)
Emeleusite (TL)
Formula: Li2Na4Fe2Si12O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Upton, B.J.G. , Hill, P.G., Johnsen, O. & Petersen, O.V. (1978): Emeleusite: a new LiNaFeIII silicate from south Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 31-34
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.193-194]
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: [Semenov, E. (2001): Notes on Ephesite, Terskite, Na-Komarovite, Ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), Joaquinite-(Ce) and other minerals from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 123-125], [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Epididymite (TL)
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Habit: Slender, prismatic, elongated along [001]
Colour: Colorless
Description: Penetration twins may occur
Reference: Flink, G. (1893): Om några mineral från Grönland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholms Förhandlingar. 15, 195-208; Bull Min 84 (1961), 320; Montgomery, A. (1974): An American Mineralogist Part IV. Mineralogical Record 5 (3), 115-127
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Epistolite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bøgghild, O.B. (1899): Epistolite, a new mineral. p.183-190 in Part II, On some minerals from the Nepheline-Syenite at Julianehaab, Greenland (Epistolite, Britholite, Schizolite and Steenstrupite)collected by G. Flink. In: Flink, G., Bøgghild, O.B., and Winther, C. (1901): Undersøgelser af Mineraler fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland, 24, 1-213; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages.
'Erikite'
Eskimoite (TL)
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Type Locality:
Reference: [NJMA 131 (1977), 56]; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Eudialyte (TL)
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages
'Eudialyte Group'
Reference: Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
'Eudialyte Group var: Eucolite'
Reference: Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
Eudidymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Evenkite
Formula: C21H44
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Ewaldite
Formula: Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2003): N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 12: 543-555
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1069.
Fergusonite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: YNbO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Petersen, O.V & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8, 184p.; Haidinger W (1825) Fergusonite, a new mineral species. The Edinburgh Journal of Science 2, 375-376
Ferri-kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Description: (Na0.596K0.256)0.608(Ca1.934Na0.066)2(Mg2.525Mn0.021Fe2+0.192Fe3+1.222Al0.044Ti0.607)4.783(Si5.515Al2.485)8)O22(O,OH)2
Reference: Kent Brooks, R.G Platt (1975): Kaersutite-bearing gabbroic inclusions and the late dike swarm of Kangerdlugssuaq, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine Vol 40 pp 259-283
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
'Ferro-eckermannite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-gedrite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Ferrohortonolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Reference: Johnson, O., Grice, J.D. & Gault, R.A. (2003): Ferrokentbrooksite, a new member of the eudialyte group from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist. 41: 55-60
'Ferro-nybøite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
Reference: Schönenberger, J., & Markl, G. (2008). The magmatic and fluid evolution of the Motzfeldt intrusion in South Greenland: insights into the formation of Agpaitic and Miaskitic rocks. Journal of Petrology, 49(9), 1549-1577.
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1989) Hydrated Iron Sulphate Occurrences at Navarana Fjord, Central North Greenland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark, v. 37, pp. 175-180.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Zoppi, M., Capitani, G.C., and Olmi, F. (2006): Single-crystal diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies of "silicified" pyrochlore from Narssârssuk, Julianehaab district, Greenland. American Mineralogist: 91: 794-801
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Gordon, S.G. (1924): Minerals obtained in Greenland on the second Academy-Vaux expedition, 1923. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 76, 249-268.;Mandarion, J.A. & Sturman, B.D. (1978): The identity of α-catapleiite and gaidonnayite. Canadian Mineralogist. 16, 195-198.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gearksutite (TL)
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 120; American Mineralogist (2000), 85, 231–235.]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Windley B.F. et al. (1989): Geikielite and ilmenite in Archaean meta-ultramafic rocks, Fiskenaesset, West Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 1, 427-437
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gerasimovskite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Borst, AM, Friis, H, Andersen, T, Nielsen, T, Waight, TE & Smit, MA (2016) Zirconosilicates in the kakortokites of the Ilímaussaq Complex, South Greenland: Implications for fluid evolution and high-field-strength and rare-earth element mineralization in agpaitic systems, Mineral Mag 80: 5-30.
'Glass'
'Gmelinite'
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V.,Husdal, T.A., Kononkova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zadov, A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012): Carlgieseckeite-(Nd), NaNdCa3(PO4)3F, a new belovite-group mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 571-580
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Economic Geology, 92 (1997), 490-501.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Peter W. Uitterdijk Appel (1986) Gahnite in an Archaean Iron-Formation, West Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 50:175-177.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Gustavite (TL)
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1970) 10, 173-190; Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Reference: [MinRec 33:165]; Koller, F. et al. (2012): Geochemistry of the Nanna Pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Quaava, South Greenland. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7, 2012, p. 71
'Hagemannite'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Hainite-(Y)
Formula: Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., & Mikhailova, Y. (2015). Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: MinRec 24:1-15
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite var: Ferrosalite
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
'Hiortdahlite II'
Formula: (Na,Ca)4Ca8Zr2(Y,Zr,REE,Na)2(Si2O7)4(O3F5)
Reference: Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:490-501
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hydrokenoralstonite (TL)
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 127; Pauly, 1965 - "Ralstonite from Ivigtut, South Greenland", American Mineralogist: 50: 1851-1864.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Hydronaujakasite'
Formula: (Na,H)6 (Fe2+ ,Mn2+ )Al4Si8O26 ·n H2O ?
'Hydronephelite'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Zoppi, M.,Capitani, G. C. & OLmi, F.(2006): Single-crystal diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies of "silicified" pyrochlore from Narssârssuk, Julianehaab district, Greenland. American Mineralogist: 91:794-801; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Hydroxylgugiaite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,□)2(Si,Be)(Be,Si)2O5(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R. Friis, H., Rowe, R. , Cooper, M. A. , Poirier, G. G. , Yang, P. & ,Weller, M.T. (2017) Hydroxylgugiaite: A new beryllium silicate mineral from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway and the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland; the first member of the melilite group to incorporate a hydrogen atom. Canadian Mineralogist: 55: 219-232.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rehnström, Emma F (2014) Zinc potential in the high Arctic- exploring the Franklinian Basin. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Hodson, M.E., and Finch, A.A. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 46-56.
Ikaite (TL)
Formula: CaCO3 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
Ilímaussite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24
Description: The type material is probably not in existence. Only one small find later at the type locality of very few specimens in 2001. All published analysis of so called "ilimaussite-Ce" from Russia have proved to be the later described Ti-analoge Diversilite-Ce.
Reference: Semenov, E.I., Kazakova, M.E., Bukin, V.J. (1968): Ilimaussite, a new rare earth – niobium – barium silicate, from Ilimaussaq, South Greenland, Medd. Groenland, Vol. 181 (7), 3-7
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Iron (TL)
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: HB1 (1990)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Reference: Economic Geology Vol. 92, 1997, pp 490-501
Jarlite (TL)
Formula: Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 119; Canadian Mineralogist (1983): 21: 553; Canadian Mineralogist (1992): 30: 449.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Jarlite var: Meta-jarlite
Formula: Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Jimthompsonite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
Reference: http://epsc.wustl.edu/admin/whatsnew/photo_album/week/pw2006-12-06.htm
Joaquinite-(Ce) ?
Formula: NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
Jørgensenite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Can. Mineral., 35, 175–179
Kaersutite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Am Min 78 (1993), 968
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Karupmøllerite-Ca (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2O
Description: As up to 2 × 1.5 × 0.1cm - pseudomorphs after lamellae of epistolite replacing vuonnemit.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. et al. (2002): Karupmollerite-Ca, (Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4.7H2O, a new mineral of the labuntsovite group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 10, 433-444
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Kentbrooksite (TL)
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral., 10, 207­-219.; Johnsen O, Grice J D, Gault R A (1998) Kentbrooksite from the Kangerdlugssuaq intrusion, East Greenland, a new Mn-REE-Nb-F end-member in a series within the eudialyte group: Description and crystal structure, European Journal of Mineralogy 10, 207-219
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. & Petersen. O. V. (1984): Tuperssuatsiaite, a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq intrusion in South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1984. 501-512
Kochite (TL)
Formula: Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Christiansen, C. C., Gault, R. A., Grice, J. D., Johnsen, O. (2003): Kochite, a new member of the rosenbuschite group from the Werner Bjerge alkaline complex, East Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15, 551-554
Komarovite ?
Formula: (Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2O
Description: A Na-dominant komarovite ( = natrokomarovite) is described by Balić-Žunić et al. (2002). This may be the mineral listed as komarovite by Sørensen (2001)
Reference: Sørensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS;Balić-Žunić T, Petersen O V, Bernhardt H J, Micheelsen H I (2002) The crystal structure and mineralogical description of a Na-dominant komarovite from Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 497-514.
Kornerupine (TL)
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Grew, E., Herd, R., Marquez, N. (1987): Boron-bearing Kornerupine from Fiskenaesset, West Greenland: a re-examination of specimens from the type locality, Mineralogical Magazine,51, 695-708
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Kuannersuite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5
Reference: Friis, H., Balic-Zunic, T, Pekov, I., Peterson, O. (2004): Kuannersuite-(Ce), a new member of the Apatite-group, from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist. 42, 95-106
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kvanefjeldite (TL)
Formula: Na4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2
Reference: Peterson, O., Johnson, O. Leonardsen, E., Roensbo, J. (1984): Kvanefjeldite a new mineral species from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South West Greenland, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 22, 465-467
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lafossaite
Formula: Tl(Cl,Br)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2007)
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
'Lamprophyllite-2M'
Reference: [AmMin 82:820]
'Lamprophyllite-2O'
Formula: (Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Reference: [AmMin 82:820]
'Lanthanite'
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Nielsen, T.F.D., Solovova, I.P. Veksler, I.V. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 126–124, 331–344.
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 40.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Leifite (TL)
Formula: (Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Reference: Meddr Gronland,(1915) 51, p. 429; Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G., Leonardsen, E.S, Johnsen, O, Bollingberg, H. & Rose-Hansen, J. (1994): Leifite from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, no. 90. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1994 (2), 83-90
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Leucosphenite (TL)
Formula: BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Meddr Gronland,(1899) 24, p. 137; Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.264-265)
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Richards, J. R., & Appel, P. W. U. (1987). Age of the “least radiogenic” galenas at Isua, West Greenland. Chemical Geology: Isotope Geoscience section, 66(3), 181-191.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lomonosovite
Formula: Na5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lorenzenite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Meddr Gronland,(1899) 24, p. 130; Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.223)
Lovdarite
Formula: K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Lovozerite
Formula: Na2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Formula: Mg2BeAl6O12
Reference: Chadwick, B., Friend, C. R. L, George, M.C. and Perkins, W.T. (1993): A New Occurrence of Musgravite, a Rare Beryllium Oxide, in the Caledonides of North-East Greenland.Mineralogical Magazine. 57 : 121-129. ; Friend, C., George, M., & Perkins, W. (1993). A new occurrence of musgravite, a rare beryllium oxide, in the Caledonides of North-East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 121-129.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Dymek, Brothers, and Schiffries, 1988: Journal of Petrology 29(6):153-1397.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Manganoneptunite
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Katerinopoulou, A.,Balic-Zunic, T. Kolb, J. & Berger, A. (2012): Mineralogy of hydrothermal alteration zones of the Nuuluk gold prospect, Tartoq gold province,Sermiligaarsuk Fjord, South-West Greenland. Abstract P 37, 30th Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Reykjavík, Iceland 9–12 January 2012.
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1989) Hydrated Iron Sulphate Occurrences at Navarana Fjord, Central North Greenland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark, v. 37, pp. 175-180.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Micheelsenite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 33:165]; McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedrmayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G.(2001): Micheelsenite,(Ca,Y)3Al(PO3OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O, a new mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshehefte, 2001 (8), 337-351
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1990) A hydrated barium silicate in unmetamorphosed sedimentary rocks of central North Greenland. Mineral. Mag.: 54: 81-89; in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 1435
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.112); Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Molybdenite-3R'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: J. A. Mandarino and R. I. Gait (1970) Molybdenite polytypes in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Canadian Mineralogist 10:723-729
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Collection of the Mineralogical Museum, Copenhagen
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Moskvinite-(Y)
Formula: Na2KYSi6O15
Reference: Friis, H. (2016). First occurrence of moskvinite-(Y) in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland–implications for rare-earth element mobility. Mineralogical Magazine, 80(1), 31-41.
Murmanite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nabesite (TL)
Formula: Na2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Giester, G., Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. (2002): Nabesite, a new mineral species from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex. Canadian Mineralogist. 40, 173-181
Nacareniobsite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Habit: Ruler-shaped crystals up to 3,0 x 0,4 x 0,04 mm. tabular on {100} and elongated parallell to [001]
Colour: colorless, transparent
Description: Found in dissolution cavities in lujavrite ( = a arfvedsonite- nepehline syenite) and in the lujavrite itself.
Reference: Petersen, O. V.; Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1989): Nacareniobsite-(Ce), a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, and its relation to mosandrite and the rinkite series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2, 84-96
Nafertisite
Formula: Na3Fe2+10Ti2(Si6O17)2O2(OH)6F(H2O)2
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Brown
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O., Christiansen, C.C., Robinson, G.W. & Niedermayr, G. (1999): Nafertisite - Na3Fe10Ti2Si12(O,OH,F)43 - from the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1999, 303-310.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Nahpoite ?
Formula: Na2HPO4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Narsarsukite (TL)
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Meddr Gronland,(1899) 24, p. 154; Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.318-319)
'Natrokomarovite'
Formula: (Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2O
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Natrophosphate
Formula: Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Natrosilite
Formula: Na2Si2O5
Reference: Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
Naujakasite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1933) Igalikite and naujakasite, two new minerals from South Greenland. Medd. Grønland, 92(9), 1-12.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Neptunite (TL)
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Flink, G. (1893): Om några mineral från Grönland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholms Förhandlingar. 15, 195-208; Petersen, O. V & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special Publication. 8, 184p.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nielsenite (TL)
Formula: PdCu3
Reference: McDonald A.M., Cabri L.J., Rudashevsky N.S., Stanley C.J., Rudashevsky V.N. , and K.C. Ross: Nielsenite, a new platinum-group intermatallic mineral spoecies from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist 46,709-716(2008); Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Niobophyllite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Friend, C., George, M., & Perkins, W. (1993). A new occurrence of musgravite, a rare beryllium oxide, in the Caledonides of North-East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 121-129.
'Nordite'
Description: Zincian nordite
Reference: Upton, B.J.G. , Hill, P.G., Johnsen, O. & Petersen, O.V. (1978): Emeleusite: a new LiNaFeIII silicate from south Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 31-34
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Habit: spherules up to 10mm in diameter; sheaflike aggregates
Colour: snow-white
Reference: Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg./ Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1976): Nordstrandite from Narssârssuk, Greenland. Mineralogical Record 7, 78-82
Normandite
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. et al. ( 2000): The crystal structure of Normandite and its crystal-chemical relationship with Lavenite, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 641 - 648
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
'Nuummite'
Nybøite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Krumrei, T. V., Villa, I. M., Marks, M. A. W., & Markl, G. (2006). A 40Ar / 39Ar and U / Pb isotopic study of the Ilímaussaq complex, South Greenland: Implications for the 40K decay constant and for the duration of magmatic activity in a peralkaline complex. Chemical Geology, 227(3–4), 258–273.
Odintsovite
Formula: K2Na4Ca3Ti2Be4Si12O38
Okenite (TL)
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: von Kobell, F. (1828): Ueber den Ockenit, eine neue Mineralspecies, Archiv für die Gesammte Naturlehre, 14, 333-337; Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8., p.78.
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: HUTCHINSON, M.T. & HEAMAN, L.M. (2008) Chemical and physical characteristics of diamond crystals from Garnet Lake, Sarfartoq, West Greenland: an association with carbonatitic magmatism. Canadian mineralogist 46, 1063-1078.
Opal ?
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthojoaquinite-(La) (TL)
Formula: NaBa2La2Fe2+Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, E.I. et al. (1967): Rare Earths in minerals of the Joaquinite group. American Mineralogist. 52, 1762-1769; Matsubara, S., Mandarino, J., Semenov, E. (2001): Redefinition of a mineral in the Joaquinite group: Orthojoaquinite-(La), Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 39, 757-760
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
Description: (Na0.396K0.212)0.608(Ca1.749Na0.251)2(Mg2.819Mn0.019Fe2+0.169Fe3+1.289Al0.000Ti0.487)4.783(Si5.923Al2.201)7.964)O22(O,OH)2
Reference: Kent Brooks, R.G Platt (1975): Kaersutite-bearing gabbroic inclusions and the late dike swarm of Kangerdlugssuaq, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine Vol 40 pp 259-283
'Oxynatropyrochlore'
Formula: (Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
Reference: Knudsen, C. (1989) Pyrochlore group minerals from the Quqassuk carbonatite complex. In Lanthanides, Tantalum and Niobium (P.Möller, P. Černý, & F. Saipé, eds.). springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Pachnolite (TL)
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112; Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 561 (1983); Lapis 11 (1985), 9.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Parisite'
Reference: Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.; Coulson, I. M., & Chambers, A. D. (1996). Patterns of zonation in rare-earth-bearing minerals in nepheline syenites of the North Qôroq center, South Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(6), 1163-1178.
Parisite-(Ce) ?
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Lapis 19(12), 9 (1994)
Pearceite ?
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Pectolite var: Manganoan Pectolite
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Distribution and mineralogy of rare earth element–Zr–Nb–Ta mineralisation within pegmatite sheets at Citadellet, Kangerdlugssuaq alkaline intrusion, East Greenland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 212.
'Phillipsite' ?
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 418)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Pinite'
Reference: Grew, E., Herd, R., Marquez, N. (1987): Boron-bearing Kornerupine from Fiskenaesset, West Greenland: a re-examination of specimens from the type locality, Mineralogical Magazine,51, 695-708
Platarsite
Formula: PtAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:490-501
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Polylithionite (TL)
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.
Potassic-arfvedsonite (TL)
Formula: [(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V. et. al. (2004): Potassic-Arfvedsonite a K-dominant Amphibole of the Arfvedsonite-series from agpaitic pegmatites, Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 12, 555-574
'Potassic-hastingsite'
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Specimens undergoing study at Roma Tre/Pavia Universities, Italy.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: DK Bird, MT Rosing, CE Manning, NM Rose (1985) Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 34:219-236
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Semenov, E. (2001): Notes on Ephesite, Terskite, Na-Komarovite, Ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), Joaquinite-(Ce) and other minerals from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 123-125
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope var: Rhodolite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Semenow, E.I. (1969): Mineralogy of the Ilimaussaq alkaline massif (South Greenland), 165 pp, Moscow: Nauka (in Russian); Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Qaqarssukite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
Reference: Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A. & Rowe, R. (2006): Qaqarssukite-(Ce),a new barium-cerium fluorcarbonate mineral species from Qaqarssuk, Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist. 44, 1137-1146.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.68)
Reyerite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Cornu F. & Himmelbauer, A. (1906): Reyerit. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen. 25, 519-520; Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 821-840
'Rhabdophane'
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Rinkite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.63)
'Rinkite Group'
Reference: Finch A. A., Goodenough K. M., Salmon H. M. & Andersen, T. (2001): The petrology and petrogenesis of the North Motzfeldt Centre, Gardar Province, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 65, 759-774
Rohaite (TL)
Formula: (Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1989) Hydrated Iron Sulphate Occurrences at Navarana Fjord, Central North Greenland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark, v. 37, pp. 175-180.
Röntgenite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Type Locality:
Reference: G. Donnay: Amer. Mineral. 38:868-870 (1953)
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1989) Hydrated Iron Sulphate Occurrences at Navarana Fjord, Central North Greenland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark, v. 37, pp. 175-180.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Sapphirine (TL)
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Stromeyer (1819): Analyse einiger von dem Prof. von Giesecke in Grönland entdeckten Fossilien, 2. Saphirin von Fiskenaes oder Kikertarsoeitsiak, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 63, p 374; Mineralogical Magazine 1987 51 : 695-708.
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schizolite (TL)
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Reference: Winthr, C. (1901). Schizolite, a new mineral. Medd. om Grφnland, 24, 196-203.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Seinäjokite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Semenovite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na8Ca2FeBe6Ce2Si14O40(OH)4F4
Reference: Petersen O V, Rönsbo J G (1972) Semenovite - a new mineral from the Ilimaussaq alkaline intrusion, south Greenland, Lithos 5, 163-173
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sepiolite var: Gunnbjarnite
Formula: (Mg,Ca,Fe)3(Fe,Al)2Si6O18 · 3H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist 37:1070-1071
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shandite
Formula: Ni3Pb2S2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Silver
Formula: Ag
Silver var: Antimonian Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
Skaergaardite (TL)
Formula: PdCu
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Skinnerite (TL)
Formula: Cu3SbS3
Reference: Karup-Moeller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland, American Mineralogist, Vol. 59, 889-895; Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 59, 889-895
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite (TL)
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Reference: Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33; Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
Sopcheite
Formula: Ag4Pd3Te4
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Sørensenite (TL)
Formula: Na4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Semenov E I, Gerassimovsky V I, Maksimova N V, Andersen S, Petersen O V (1965) Sorensenite, new sodium-beryllium-tin-silicate from the Ilímaussaq intrusion, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland 181, 1-19
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Sphaerobertrandite
Formula: Be3(SiO4)(OH)2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Spodiophyllite'
Formula: (Na,K)4(Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(Si8O24)
Reference: Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.339-340)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Description: Found and identified in 2000/2001
Reference: Knut Eldjarn ( XRD Geological museum, Oslo)+ chemical (ICP)
Steenstrupine-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Lorenzen, J. (1882): On some minerals from the Sodalite-Syenite in Julianehaab district, south Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No 23, Vol. V, 49-70
Stenonite (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Type Locality:
Reference: H. Pauly: Medd. Grønland 169(9):1-24 (1962); Amer. Mineral. 48:1178 (1963); Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: DK Bird, MT Rosing, CE Manning, NM Rose (1985) Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 34:219-236
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
'Synchysite'
Reference: Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.; Coulson, I. M., & Chambers, A. D. (1996). Patterns of zonation in rare-earth-bearing minerals in nepheline syenites of the North Qôroq center, South Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(6), 1163-1178.
Synchysite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Petersen, O. V & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special Publication. 8, 184p; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 932; Lapis (2001): 3: 8.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Tainiolite (TL)
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.340-341)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Tantalum'
Formula: Ta
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Taramite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schönenberger, J., & Markl, G. (2008). The magmatic and fluid evolution of the Motzfeldt intrusion in South Greenland: insights into the formation of Agpaitic and Miaskitic rocks. Journal of Petrology, 49(9), 1549-1577.
Taseqite (TL)
Formula: Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[Cl2|(Si3O9)2|(Si9O27)2SiO] · 3(O,OH,H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Grice, J.D. (2004): Taseqite, a new member of the Eudialyte group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2004, No2, 83-96
Teallite
Formula: PbSnS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Telargpalite
Formula: (Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Telluropalladinite
Formula: Pd9Te4
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Terskite
Formula: Na4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
Reference: Semenov, E. (2001): Notes on Ephesite, Terskite, Na-Komarovite, Ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), Joaquinite-(Ce) and other minerals from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 123-125; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tetranatrolite'
Thalcusite
Formula: Tl2Cu3FeS4
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Thomsenolite (TL)
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 117; Acta Cryst. 23 (1967).; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Thomsonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Bondam, J., Soerensen, H. (1958): Uraniferous Nepheline syenites and related rocks in the Ilimaussaq area, Julianehaab District, southwest Greenland, Proceedings 2. UN International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Vol. 2, 555-559; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Tin ?
Formula: Sn
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 128.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Townendite (TL)
Formula: Na8ZrSi6O18
Type Locality:
Reference: Grey, I.E., Macrae, C.M., Mumme, W.G. and Pring, A. (2010): Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland. American Mineralogist 95, 646-650.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Tugtupite (TL)
Formula: Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Andersen, E.K., Danø, M., and Peteresen, O.V. (1969): A tetragonal natrolite. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, No 13. Meddelelser om Grønland, 181, (10), 1-19.; Sørensen, H. (1960) Beryllium minerals in a pegmatite in the nepheline syenites of Ilímaussaq, South West Greenland. International Geological Congress, Report, 21st Session, Norden. Part 17, 31 35. Abstract: American Mineralogist, 46, 241.
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Tundrite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Tundrite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1780.; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Tuperssuatsiaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. & Petersen. O. V. (1984): Tuperssuatsiaite, a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq intrusion in South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1984. 501-512; Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280
Turkestanite
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1967-12-SiO:HNaZr'
Formula: NaZrSi4O10(OH)•2H2O
Reference: Semenov, E.I. (1967): Hydrous Zirconium Silicates. Mineralogy of Pegmatites and Hydrothermalites of Alkalic Massifs. Izdat. "Nauka": 3-13 (in Russian; in: Fleischer, M. (1969): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 54: 1222
'UM1969-05-PO:CaHREE'
Formula: (Ce,Ca)PO4•H2O
Reference: Semenov, E.I. (1969): Mineralogy of the llimaussaq Alkaline Massif, Southern Greenland. Inst. Mineral., Geokhim., Kristallokhim. Redk. Elementov, Izdat. "Nauka": 41-42 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M. (1970): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 2136
'UM1969-12-SiO:AlFeHK'
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)(Fe,Mg)Al2Si4O13•2H2O
Reference: Semenov, E.I. (1969): Mineralogy of the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Massif, southern Greenland. Inst. Mineral., Geokhim., Kristallokhim. Redk. Elementov, Izdat. "Nauka": 106-110 [in Russian]; in: Fleischer, M. (1970): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 2135-2139
'UM1971-22-SiO:CaClFeHMgMnNaNbZr'
Formula: Na12Ca5(Ce,La,Y,Ca)Zr3(Zr,Nb)(Fe,Mn)3[Si9O24-26(OH)1-3]2[Si3O9]2Cl
Reference: TMPM 16,105(1971)
'UM1976-12-S:AgTe'
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1976): Arcubisite and mineral B - two new minerals from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Lithos: 9: 253-257; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1978): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63:
'UM1978-02-E:CuPbSn'
Formula: ~Cu3(Sn,Pb)2
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1978): The ore minerals of the Ilimaussaq intrusion: their mode of occurrence and their conditions of formation. Grønlands Geol. Undersøgelso Bull.: 127: l-51 (in English); in: Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 439
'UM1979-15-S:AgSbTe'
Formula: Ag8Sb(S,Te)6
Reference: Karup-Møller, S., Pauly, H. (1979) Galena and associated ore minerals from the cryolite at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Medd. Grønland, Greenland Geoscience: 2: l-25; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 1280
'UM1986-62-SiO:CaHNaNbTiZn'
Formula: ~(Na,K,Ca,Zn,Fe)3(Nb,Ti)6Si2O20•6H2O
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1986): Epistolite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex in South Greenland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh.: 155: 289-304; in: Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 933 Smith, D.G.W., Nickel, E.H. (2007): A System of Codification for Unnamed Minerals: Report of the SubCommittee for Unnamed Minerals of the IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification. Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 983-1055; http://nrmima.nrm.se (2016)
'UM1987-04-O:Ti'
Formula: TiO1.71-1.83
Reference: Pedersen, A.K., Rønsbo, J.G. (1987): Oxygen deficient Tioxides (natural Magnéli phases) from mudstone xenoliths with native iron from Disko, central West Greenland. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol.: 96: 35-46; in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 1434
'UM1989-12-E:NiSn'
Formula: (Ni,Cu,Fe)8Sn5
Reference: Ulff-Møller, F. (1989): Exsolution of metallic Pb liquid in a magmatic sulfide-metal lens from Disko, central West Greenland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh.: 160: 193-206; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 434
'UM1990-58-SiO:AlBaH'
Formula: BaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: Jakobsen, U.H. (1990) A hydrated barium silicate in unmetamorphosed sedimentary rocks of central North Greenland. Mineral. Mag.: 54: 81-89; in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 1435
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'
Formula: Au3Cu
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd'
Formula: (Cu,Pd,Au)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
'Unnamed (Cu-Pd Alloy)'
Formula: Cu3Pd
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:490-501
'Unnamed (Hydrated Hydrous Calcium Iron Manganese Rare-Earth Thorium Zirconium Aluminium Silicate/Phosphate Fluoride)'
Formula: (Ca,Fe,Mn,Na)(REE,Th,Zr)4(Si,Al,P)6O20-y(OH)2yF · nH2O (?)
Reference: Karup-Møller, S., Rose-Hansen, J. (2017) Alteration of steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13534 (2017)
'Unnamed (Hydrous Calcium Rare-Earth Thorium Phosphate/Silicate Fluoride)'
Formula: Ca(REE,Th)5(P4Si2)O22-n(OH)2nF0.5 (?)
Reference: Karup-Møller, S., Rose-Hansen, J. (2017) Alteration of steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13534 (2017)
'Unnamed (Hydrous Sodium Iron Manganese Calcium Rare-Earth Thorium Silicate/Phosphate Fluoride)'
Formula: Na(Fe,Mn,Ca)(REE,Th)6(Si,P)6O22-n(OH)2nF0.5 (?)
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. & Rose-Hansen, J. (2017): Alteration of steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, (in press).
'Unnamed (PdAuCu)'
Formula: PdAuCu
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)'
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Sn)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)'
Formula: Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Ussingite (TL)
Formula: Na2AlSi3O8OH
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.396)
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: [MinRec 18:357]
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vasilite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vikingite (TL)
Formula: Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
Reference: [Bull.geol.Soc.Denmark,(1977) 26, 41-68 and Neues Jahrb.Min.,Abh.(1977) 131, 56-82]; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Vitusite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
Reference: RØNSBO, J.G., KHOMYAKOV, A.P., SEMENOV, E.I., VORONKOV, A.A., and GARANIN, V.K (1979) Vitusite, a new phosphate of sodium and rare earths from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola and Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 137, (1) 42-53. Abstract in: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 812. Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Voronkovite
Formula: Na15(Na,Ca,Ce)3(Mn,Ca)3Fe3Zr3Si26O72(OH,O)4Cl · H2O
Reference: Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
Vrbaite
Formula: Hg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Vuonnemite
Formula: Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.
Weberite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Type Locality:
Reference: Meddelelser om Grønland (1938), 119(7), 1; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 128.;Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Westerveldite
Formula: (Fe,Ni,Co)As
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Reference: Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wollastonite var: Ferrowollastonite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Beddoe-Stephens, B., Secher, C. (1982): Barian Wölsendorfite from East Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 46, 130-132
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Ulff-Møller, F. (1985): Solidification History of the KitdlÎt Lens: Immiscible Metal and Sulphide Liquids from a Basaltic Dyke on Disko, Central West Greenland Journal of Petrology. 26,64-91.
'Xenotime'
Reference: http://geusweb01.geus.dk/gmomweb/mineraloccurencepdf.seam?mineraloccurencepdfGeolfeatureid=1734&geolfeatureGeolfeatureid=1734
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Yofortierite
Formula: Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Zaratite
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.;Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.160)
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Zirfesite'
Reference: Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Carlsbergite (TL)1.BC.15CrN
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron (TL)1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Nielsenite (TL)1.AG.70PdCu3
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Antimonian Silver1.AA.05Ag
Skaergaardite (TL)1.AG.45PdCu
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tin ?1.AC.10Sn
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.AA.05Au3Cu
'UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd'1.AA.05(Cu,Pd,Au)
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arcubisite (TL)2.LA.40Ag6CuBiS4
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bartonite2.FC.10K6Fe20S26S
Berryite2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bogdanovite2.BA.80(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Chalcothallite (TL)2.BD.40Tl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4
Chlorbartonite2.FC.10K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprostibite (TL)2.AA.20Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Djurleite ?2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Eskimoite (TL)2.JB.40bAg7Pb10Bi15S36
Eucairite2.BA.50AgCuSe
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Gustavite (TL)2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Maucherite ?2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Pearceite ?2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Platarsite2.EB.25PtAsS
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rohaite (TL)2.BD.35(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4
Seinäjokite2.EB.15b(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
Shandite2.BE.15Ni3Pb2S2
Skinnerite (TL)2.GA.20Cu3SbS3
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sopcheite2.BC.55Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Teallite2.CD.05PbSnS2
Telargpalite2.BC.45(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Telluropalladinite2.BC.30Pd9Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thalcusite2.BD.30Tl2Cu3FeS4
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vasilite2.BC.25(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Vikingite (TL)2.JB.40aAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Vrbaite2.HF.20Hg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Westerveldite2.CC.15(Fe,Ni,Co)As
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Acuminite (TL)3.CC.10Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Bøggildite (TL)3.CG.20Na2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Bøgvadite (TL)3.CF.15Na2SrBa2Al4F20
Chiolite3.CE.05Na5Al3F14
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cryolite (TL)3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Cryolithionite (TL)3.CB.05Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Elpasolite3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite (TL)3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite (TL)3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Jarlite (TL)3.CC.20Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
var: Meta-jarlite3.CC.20Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Jørgensenite (TL)3.CC.20Na2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Lafossaite3.AA.25Tl(Cl,Br)
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Pachnolite (TL)3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Stenonite (TL)3.CG.05(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Thomsenolite (TL)3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Weberite (TL)3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Avicennite4.CB.10Tl2O3
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Behoite4.FA.05aBe(OH)2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Ferrian Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gerasimovskite4.FM.25(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S4.FC.25Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Ishkulite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal ?4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Priderite4.DK.05bK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ancylite-(Ce) (TL)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)5.DC.05LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Cordylite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ewaldite5.CC.05Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ikaite (TL)5.CB.25CaCO3 · 6H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Monohydrocalcite5.CB.20CaCO3 · H2O
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce) ?5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Qaqarssukite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.25Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Röntgenite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.20dCa2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Zaratite5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fergusonite-(Y) (TL)7.GA.05YNbO4
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Buchwaldite (TL)8.AD.25NaCa(PO4)
Carlgieseckeite-(Nd) (TL)8.BN.05NaNdCa3(PO4)3F
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Dorfmanite8.CJ.60Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kuannersuite-(Ce) (TL)8.BN.05NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5
Marićite8.AC.20NaFe2+(PO4)
Micheelsenite (TL)8.DO.30(Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Nahpoite ?8.AD.05Na2HPO4
Natrophosphate8.DN.05Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Vitusite-(Ce) (TL)8.AC.35Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite (TL)9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce) (TL)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Hydroandradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite (TL)9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Ashcroftine-(Y) (TL)9.DN.15K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferrohedenbergite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Barylite9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Barytolamprophyllite9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
var: Gel-Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryllite9.AE.05Be3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Britholite-(Ce) (TL)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Burpalite9.BE.17Na2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cebollite9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chesterite9.DF.05(Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chkalovite9.DM.20Na2BeSi2O6
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Sheridanite9.EC.55(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
var: Titanclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Elpidite (TL)9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Emeleusite (TL)9.DN.05Li2Na4Fe2Si12O30
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Ephesite9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epididymite (TL)9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistolite (TL)9.BE.30Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Eudialyte (TL)9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eudidymite9.DG.60Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-eckermannite'9.DE.25NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-gedrite9.DD.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ferrokentbrooksite9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gaidonnayite9.DM.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gittinsite9.BC.05CaZrSi2O7
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hainite-(Y)9.BE.22Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
var: Ferrosalite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ilímaussite-(Ce) (TL)9.CB.15(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24
Jimthompsonite9.DF.05(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
Joaquinite-(Ce) ?9.CE.25NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
Kaersutite (TL)9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Karupmøllerite-Ca (TL)9.CE.30c(Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2O
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kentbrooksite (TL)9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Kochite (TL)9.BE.22Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Komarovite ?9.CE.45(Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2O
Kornerupine (TL)9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kvanefjeldite (TL)9.DP.30Na4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Leifite (TL)9.EH.25(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophanite9.DH.05NaCaBeSi2O6F
Leucosphenite (TL)9.DP.15BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Lomonosovite9.BE.32Na5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
Lorenzenite (TL)9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Lovdarite9.GF.15K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Lovozerite9.CJ.15aNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Manganoneptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Moskvinite-(Y)9.CD.05Na2KYSi6O15
Murmanite9.BE.27Na2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nabesite (TL)9.EA.65Na2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
Nacareniobsite-(Ce) (TL)9.BE.20NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Nafertisite9.EH.30Na3Fe2+10Ti2(Si6O17)2O2(OH)6F(H2O)2
Narsarsukite (TL)9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
'Natrokomarovite'9.CE.45(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrosilite9.EE.40Na2Si2O5
Naujakasite (TL)9.EG.10(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite (TL)9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Niobophyllite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Normandite9.BE.17NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Nybøite9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Odintsovite9.CJ.50K2Na4Ca3Ti2Be4Si12O38
Okenite (TL)9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Orthojoaquinite-(La) (TL)9.CE.25NaBa2La2Fe2+Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
var: Manganoan Pectolite9.DG.05Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Polylithionite (TL)9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Potassic-arfvedsonite (TL)9.DE.25[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Rhodolite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reyerite (TL)9.EE.35(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2O
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce) (TL)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosenbuschite9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Sapphirine (TL)9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Semenovite-(Ce) (TL)9.DN.10Na8Ca2FeBe6Ce2Si14O40(OH)4F4
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
var: Gunnbjarnite9.EE.25(Mg,Ca,Fe)3(Fe,Al)2Si6O18 · 3H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite (TL)9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sphaerobertrandite9.AE.50Be3(SiO4)(OH)2
Steacyite9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Steenstrupine-(Ce) (TL)9.CK.20Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Stillwellite-(Ce)9.AJ.25(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sørensenite (TL)9.DG.30Na4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4
Tainiolite (TL)9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taramite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Taseqite (TL)9.CO.10Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[Cl2|(Si3O9)2|(Si9O27)2SiO] · 3(O,OH,H2O)
Terskite9.DM.40Na4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tugtupite (TL)9.FB.10Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Tundrite-(Ce)9.AH.10Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Tundrite-(Nd) (TL)9.AH.10Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Tuperssuatsiaite (TL)9.EE.20Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Turkestanite9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
'UM1971-22-SiO:CaClFeHMgMnNaNbZr'9.CO.10Na12Ca5(Ce,La,Y,Ca)Zr3(Zr,Nb)(Fe,Mn)3[Si9O24-26(OH)1-3]2[Si3O9]2Cl
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ussingite (TL)9.EH.20Na2AlSi3O8OH
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Vishnevite9.FB.05(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Voronkovite9.CO.10Na15(Na,Ca,Ce)3(Mn,Ca)3Fe3Zr3Si26O72(OH,O)4Cl · H2O
Vuonnemite9.BE.35Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
var: Ferrowollastonite9.DG.05(Ca,Fe)SiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yofortierite9.EE.20Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Evenkite10.BA.50C21H44
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Ancylite Group'-
'Animikite' ?-
'Anthophyllite-Gedrite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'var: Yttriumapatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Barkevikite' ?-
'Bastnäsite'-
Betalomonosovite-Na64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3(OH)][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
Bohseite (TL)-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
'Chalcolamprite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
Dyrnaesite-(La) (TL)-Na8Ce4+(La,REE)2(PO4)6
'Erikite'-
'Eudialyte Group'-
'var: Eucolite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferri-kaersutite-NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Ferro-nybøite'-NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
'Ferrohortonolite'-(Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'Hagemannite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hiortdahlite II'-(Na,Ca)4Ca8Zr2(Y,Zr,REE,Na)2(Si2O7)4(O3F5)
'Hornblende'-
'Hydronaujakasite'-(Na,H)6 (Fe2+ ,Mn2+ )Al4Si8O26 ·n H2O ?
'Hydronephelite'-
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydroxylgugiaite (TL)-(Ca,□)2(Si,Be)(Be,Si)2O5(OH)2
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lamprophyllite-2M'-
'Lamprophyllite-2O'-(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
'Lanthanite'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lévyne'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Molybdenite-3R'-MoS2
'Monazite'-
'Nordite'-
'Nuummite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite-NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
'Oxynatropyrochlore'-(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
'Parisite'-
'Phillipsite' ?-
'Pinite'-
'Potassic-hastingsite'-{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Rinkite Group'-
'Scapolite'-
Schizolite (TL)-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Spodiophyllite'-(Na,K)4(Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(Si8O24)
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalum'-Ta
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tetranatrolite'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Townendite (TL)-Na8ZrSi6O18
'UM1967-12-SiO:HNaZr'-NaZrSi4O10(OH)•2H2O
'UM1969-05-PO:CaHREE'-(Ce,Ca)PO4•H2O
'UM1969-12-SiO:AlFeHK'-(Na,Ca,K)(Fe,Mg)Al2Si4O13•2H2O
'UM1976-12-S:AgTe'-Ag4TeS
'UM1978-02-E:CuPbSn'-~Cu3(Sn,Pb)2
'UM1979-15-S:AgSbTe'-Ag8Sb(S,Te)6
'UM1986-62-SiO:CaHNaNbTiZn'-~(Na,K,Ca,Zn,Fe)3(Nb,Ti)6Si2O20•6H2O
'UM1987-04-O:Ti'-TiO1.71-1.83
'UM1989-12-E:NiSn'-(Ni,Cu,Fe)8Sn5
'UM1990-58-SiO:AlBaH'-BaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Unnamed (Cu-Pd Alloy)'-Cu3Pd
'Unnamed (Hydrated Hydrous Calcium Iron Manganese Rare-Earth Thorium Zirconium Aluminium Silicate/Phosphate Fluoride)'-(Ca,Fe,Mn,Na)(REE,Th,Zr)4(Si,Al,P)6O20-y(OH)2yF · nH2O (?)
'Unnamed (Hydrous Calcium Rare-Earth Thorium Phosphate/Silicate Fluoride)'-Ca(REE,Th)5(P4Si2)O22-n(OH)2nF0.5 (?)
'Unnamed (Hydrous Sodium Iron Manganese Calcium Rare-Earth Thorium Silicate/Phosphate Fluoride)'-Na(Fe,Mn,Ca)(REE,Th)6(Si,P)6O22-n(OH)2nF0.5 (?)
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)'-(Pd,Cu,Sn)
'Unnamed (PdAuCu)'-PdAuCu
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)'-Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-
'Zirfesite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Carlsbergite (TL)1.1.20.1CrN
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
Tin ?1.1.13.1Sn
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.1.2.4Au3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Zvyagintsevite1.2.5.4Pd3Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Telargpalite2.1.3.1(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
Bogdanovite2.2.3.1(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Palarstanide2.3.3.2Pd5(Sn,As)2
Shandite2.3.5.1Ni3Pb2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Cuprostibite (TL)2.4.11.1Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite ?2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Eucairite2.4.6.2AgCuSe
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
Thalcusite2.5.5.1Tl2Cu3FeS4
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Bartonite2.9.19.1K6Fe20S26S
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Teallite2.9.10.1PbSnS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Platarsite2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Seinäjokite2.12.2.10(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Miscellaneous
Maucherite ?2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Sopcheite2.16.10.1Ag4Pd3Te4
Telluropalladinite2.16.6.1Pd9Te4
Vasilite2.16.22.1(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite ?3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Arcubisite (TL)3.2.6.1Ag6CuBiS4
Chalcothallite (TL)3.2.7.1Tl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Gustavite (TL)3.4.15.3AgPbBi3S6
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Skinnerite (TL)3.4.8.2Cu3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Ourayite3.5.6.1Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
2 < ø < 2.49
Berryite3.6.15.1Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Eskimoite (TL)3.6.2.1Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Vikingite (TL)3.6.11.1Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
ø = 2
Bohdanowiczite3.7.1.2AgBiSe2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Rohaite (TL)3.7.16.1(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Vrbaite3.7.15.1Hg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Avicennite4.3.8.1Tl2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX2O7·xH2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Behoite6.2.2.1Be(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Schwertmannite6.4.10.1Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S7.2.12.1Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Priderite7.9.4.1K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y) (TL)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.5A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Miscellaneous
Gerasimovskite8.7.8.3(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Acuminite (TL)11.6.17.1Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Bøgvadite (TL)11.6.20.1Na2SrBa2Al4F20
Chiolite11.6.11.1Na5Al3F14
Cryolite (TL)11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Cryolithionite (TL)11.6.4.1Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Elpasolite11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Gearksutite (TL)11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite (TL)11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Jarlite (TL)11.6.10.1Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Pachnolite (TL)11.6.5.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Thomsenolite (TL)11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Weberite (TL)11.6.13.1Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Bøggildite (TL)12.1.6.1Na2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Stenonite (TL)12.1.1.1(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Ewaldite14.2.4.1Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Ikaite (TL)15.1.4.1CaCO3 · 6H2O
Monohydrocalcite15.1.3.1CaCO3 · H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Cordylite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Parisite-(Ce) ?16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.6.1Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Synchysite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce) (TL)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Zaratite16b.4.1.1Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Tundrite-(Ce)17.1.11.Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Tundrite-(Nd) (TL)17.1.11.2Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Nahpoite ?37.1.5.1Na2HPO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Buchwaldite (TL)38.1.2.2NaCa(PO4)
Marićite38.1.2.1NaFe2+(PO4)
Vitusite-(Ce) (TL)38.1.8.1Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Dorfmanite39.1.8.1Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Carlgieseckeite-(Nd) (TL)41.8.11.NaNdCa3(PO4)3F
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Natrophosphate42.13.9.1Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Hydrocarbons
Evenkite50.3.6.1C21H44
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Beryllite52.1.1.1Be3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce) (TL)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Stillwellite-(Ce)54.2.3.2(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [4] and higher coordination
Barylite55.1.1.1Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Gittinsite55.2.1a.1CaZrSi2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Leucophanite55.4.2.4NaCaBeSi2O6F
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Barytolamprophyllite56.2.6c.1(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Burpalite56.2.4.2Na2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Epistolite (TL)56.2.7.1Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hainite-(Y)56.2.4.9Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hiortdahlite56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Komarovite ?56.2.4.12(Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2O
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Murmanite56.2.7.2Na2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
Nacareniobsite-(Ce) (TL)56.2.5.2NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
'Natrokomarovite'56.2.4.13(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2O
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Rosenbuschite56.2.4.8Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with [Si2O7] with other cation groups
Lomonosovite56.4.1.1Na5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
Vuonnemite56.4.3.1Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine (TL)58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce) (TL)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Gaidonnayite59.2.2.3Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Joaquinite-(Ce) ?60.1.1a.1NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Lovozerite61.1.2a.1Na2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Odintsovite61.1.5.1K2Na4Ca3Ti2Be4Si12O38
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Six-Membered Rings with other anions
Steenstrupine-(Ce) (TL)61.4.2.1Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte (TL)64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferrokentbrooksite64.1.2.2Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Kentbrooksite (TL)64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Taseqite (TL)64.1.8. Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[Cl2|(Si3O9)2|(Si9O27)2SiO] · 3(O,OH,H2O)
Voronkovite64.1.3.3Na15(Na,Ca,Ce)3(Mn,Ca)3Fe3Zr3Si26O72(OH,O)4Cl · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Lorenzenite (TL)65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Sørensenite (TL)65.2.4.1Na4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=6
Chkalovite65.5.2.1Na2BeSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kaersutite (TL)66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Nybøite66.1.3c.11NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Taramite66.1.3b.15{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Emeleusite (TL)66.3.4.3Li2Na4Fe2Si12O30
Epididymite (TL)66.3.1.4Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eudidymite66.3.1.3Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 67 - INOSILICATES Unbranched Chains with W > 2
Unbranched Chains with W>2 with W=3
Jimthompsonite67.1.1.1(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Chesterite68.1.1.1(Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Niobophyllite69.1.1.4(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite (TL)69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Sapphirine (TL)69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite (TL)70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Column or Tube Structures with balo-silicates
Ashcroftine-(Y) (TL)70.3.1.1K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Manganoneptunite70.4.1.2Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Neptunite (TL)70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ephesite71.2.2b.16LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite (TL)71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Tainiolite (TL)71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Okenite (TL)72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Elpidite (TL)72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Kvanefjeldite (TL)72.5.3.1Na4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2
Leucosphenite (TL)72.5.2.1BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Semenovite-(Ce) (TL)72.5.2.4Na8Ca2FeBe6Ce2Si14O40(OH)4F4
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Naujakasite (TL)73.1.1.1(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reyerite (TL)73.2.2a.1(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Natrosilite74.3.5.1Na2Si2O5
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite (TL)74.3.1a.2Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Yofortierite74.3.1a.3Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal ?75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Genthelvite76.2.4.3Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite (TL)76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Tugtupite (TL)76.2.3.7Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Vishnevite76.2.5.15(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Ussingite (TL)76.3.3.1Na2AlSi3O8OH
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Lovdarite78.6.2.1K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Ilímaussite-(Ce) (TL)78.7.4.1(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24
Leifite (TL)78.7.10.1(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Terskite78.7.15.1Na4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Ancylite Group'-
Ancylite-(La)-LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Andradite
var: Hydroandradite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
var: Melanite-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Animikite' ?-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anthophyllite-Gedrite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'var: Yttriumapatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Arfvedsonite (TL)-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Asbestos'-