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Antarctic Peninsula, Western Antarctica, Antarcticai
Regional Level Types
Antarctic PeninsulaPeninsula
Western AntarcticaRegion
AntarcticaContinent

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The Antarctic Peninsula, known as O'Higgins Land in Chile, Tierra de San Martin in Argentina, and originally known as the Palmer Peninsula in the US and as Graham Land in Great Britain, is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, located at the base of the Southern Hemisphere.

The Antarctic Peninsula is part of the larger peninsula of West Antarctica, protruding 1,300 km (810 miles) from a line between Cape Adams (Weddell Sea) and a point on the mainland south of Eklund Islands. Beneath the ice sheet which covers it, the Antarctic Peninsula consists of a string of bedrock islands; these are separated by deep channels whose bottoms lie at depths considerably below current sea level. They are joined together by a grounded ice sheet. Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost tip of South America, lies only about 1,000 km (620 miles) away across the Drake Passage.

The Antarctic Peninsula is currently dotted with numerous research stations and nations have made multiple claims of sovereignty. The peninsula is part of disputed and overlapping claims by Argentina, Chile, and the United Kingdom. None of these claims have international recognition and, under the Antarctic Treaty System, the respective countries do not attempt to enforce their claims. The British claim is recognised though by Australia, France, New Zealand, and Norway. Argentina has the most bases and personnel stationed on the peninsula. [Wikipedia]

The western side of the peninsula has ornithogenic soils, with guano layer and phosphatized zone.

Guano layer: 'unnamed (NH4-(Mg) urate)', struvite, fluorapatite, hydroxylapatite, brushite.

Phosphatized zone: leucophosphite, minyulite, taranakite, 'unnamed (Al phosphate fluoride hydrate)'.

Phosphatized zone in relic soils: 'arctowskite', vashegyite.

Vivianite occurs in the surroundings.

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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

104 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Trouw, R.A.J., Passchier, C.W., Valeriano, C.M., Simões, L.S.A., Paciullo, F.V.P., Ribeiro, A. (2000) Deformational evolution of a Cretaceous subduction complex: Elephant Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Tectonophysics, 319, 93-110.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
'Arctowskite'
Formula: Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Reference: Tatur, A. & Keck, A. (1990): Phosphates in ornithogenic soils of the maritime Antarctic. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol. 3, 133-150.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Klinkhammer et al (2001), Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 193: 395-407; Somoza et al (2004), Marine Geology: 203: 119-140.; Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: D. C. Armstrong, R. C. R. Willan (!996) Orthomagmatic quartz and post-magmatic carbonate veins in a reported porphyry copper deposit, Andean Intrusive Suite, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. Mineralium Deposita, May 1996, 31, # 4, 290–306.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Rangel, C. V. G. T., Orlando, M. T. D. A., Jardim, H. A., Almeida, I. C. C., de Sá Mendonça, E., de Bortoli Teixeira, D., ... & Schaefer, C. E. (2019). Provenance and Alteration of Glacial Sediments in King George Island, Antarctica. Journal of Sedimentary Environments, 4(1), 124-142.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Chloraluminite
Formula: AlCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: www.colorado.edu/geolsci/jsedr/Abstracts/sep2001/Jeong.PDF.; Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666.
Clinochlore var. Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666.
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: M3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Edited by Rowley, P. D.; Vennum, W. R. (1988) Studies of the geology and mineral resources of the southern Antarctic Peninsula and eastern Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. USGS Professional Paper 1351B
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
'Crossite'
Reference: Mink, S., Maestro, A., López-Martínez, J., Schmid, T., Galindo-Zaldivar, J., Trouw, R.A. (2015) Morphostructural analysis and Cenozoic evolution of Elephant Island, Southern Scotia Arc, Antarctica. International Journal of Earth Sciences. [ DOI 104. 10.1007/s00531-014-1099-1 ].
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
'Faujasite'
Formula: M3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666. ; Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Demant, A., Deckart, K., & Torres, T. (2016). Very low-grade secondary minerals as indicators of palaeo-hydrothermal systems in the Upper Cretaceous volcanic succession of Hannah Point, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Applied Clay Science, 134, 246-256.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Ferrosaponite
Formula: Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Glass'
Reference: LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union. 48, 296-298
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Edited by Rowley, P. D.; Vennum, W. R. (1988) Studies of the geology and mineral resources of the southern Antarctic Peninsula and eastern Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. USGS Professional Paper 1351B
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Description: Forms from conversion of iron monosulfide sublimates. Converts to framboidal pyrite.
Reference: Agusto et al (2004), Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 59(1), March 2004.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: CASELLI, A.T. et al. Seismic activity and an anomalous fumarolic chemical composition due to seal effect in the volcanic system of Deception Island (Antarctica). Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.4, pp. 545-552.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Colour: rust-red
Reference: Collection of Alejandro Félix
'Heulandite'
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Heulandite-Sr
Formula: (Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
'Hornblende'
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Ikaite
Formula: CaCO3 · 6H2O
Reference: AmMin 86:1530-1533 (2001)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.colorado.edu/geolsci/jsedr/Abstracts/sep2001/Jeong.PDF.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
'Limonite'
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Magnesite ?
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: D. C. Armstrong, R. C. R. Willan (!996) Orthomagmatic quartz and post-magmatic carbonate veins in a reported porphyry copper deposit, Andean Intrusive Suite, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. Mineralium Deposita, May 1996, 31, # 4, 290–306.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231; Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV.
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: www.colorado.edu/geolsci/jsedr/Abstracts/sep2001/Jeong.PDF.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Demant, A., Deckart, K., & Torres, T. (2016). Very low-grade secondary minerals as indicators of palaeo-hydrothermal systems in the Upper Cretaceous volcanic succession of Hannah Point, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Applied Clay Science, 134, 246-256.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Description: Framboidal. Forms by replacement of greigite.
Reference: Agusto et al (2004), Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 59(1), March 2004.; CASELLI, A.T. et al. Seismic activity and an anomalous fumarolic chemical composition due to seal effect in the volcanic system of Deception Island (Antarctica). Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.4, pp. 545-552.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231; Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Massive.
Colour: colorless, white and gray,
Reference: Collection of Alejandro Félix
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Saponite var. Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Saussurite'
Reference: Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: www.colorado.edu/geolsci/jsedr/Abstracts/sep2001/Jeong.PDF.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Trouw, R.A.J., Passchier, C.W., Valeriano, C.M., Simões, L.S.A., Paciullo, F.V.P., Ribeiro, A. (2000) Deformational evolution of a Cretaceous subduction complex: Elephant Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Tectonophysics, 319, 93-110.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Spheniscidite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Derived from chloritic phyllites in an ornithogenetic soil associated with a penguin rookery.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1986) 50, 291-293
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Klinkhammer et al (2001), Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 193: 395-407; Somoza et al (2004), Marine Geology: 203: 119-140.; Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 3,133-150(1990); Tatur, A., & Barczuk, A. (1985). Ornithogenic phosphates on King George Island in the maritime Antarctic. In Antarctic nutrient cycles and food webs (pp. 163-168). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4<b>C2+2)As4S12S
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Thénardite
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Vennum, W.R. (1979) Evaporite encrustations and yellow and green surficial salts from Orville Coast and eastern Ellsworth Land. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 14(5), 22-24
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Edited by Rowley, P. D.; Vennum, W. R. (1988) Studies of the geology and mineral resources of the southern Antarctic Peninsula and eastern Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. USGS Professional Paper 1351C
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barth, T.F.W. and Kvalheim, A. (1944): Christensenite, a solid solution of nepheline in tridymite. Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antartic expeditions 1927-1928 et sqq, instituted and financed by Consul Lars Christensen 22: 1-9
Tridymite var. Christensenite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barth, T.F.W. and Kvalheim, A. (1944): Christensenite, a solid solution of nepheline in tridymite. Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antartic expeditions 1927-1928 et sqq, instituted and financed by Consul Lars Christensen 22: 1-9
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'
Formula: Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'
Formula: Ca-Al-S-O-H
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)'
Formula: (NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
Vashegyite
Formula: Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
'Wad'
Formula: Mn, O, H
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Weberite
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Smelle, JL, Davie, R. E. S. and Thomson, M. R. A. (1980) Geology of a Mesozoic Intra-arc Sequence on Bters Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. British Antartica Survey, 50:55-76
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4<b>C2+2)As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chloraluminite3.BC.05AlCl3 · 6H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Weberite3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
var. Christensenite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Ikaite5.CB.25CaCO3 · 6H2O
Magnesite ?5.AB.05MgCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Thénardite7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Minyulite8.DH.05KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Spheniscidite (TL)8.DH.10(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Vashegyite8.DB.10Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-K9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var. Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ferrosaponite9.EC.45Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Heulandite-Sr9.GE.05(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var. Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Arctowskite'-Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-M3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Crossite'-
'Faujasite'-M3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'-Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'-Ca-Al-S-O-H
'Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)'-(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
'Wad'-Mn, O, H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4<b>C2+2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX3
Chloraluminite9.3.3.1AlCl3 · 6H2O
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Weberite11.6.13.1Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite ?14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Ikaite15.1.4.1CaCO3 · 6H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Thénardite28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Minyulite42.11.5.1KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Spheniscidite (TL)42.11.6.3(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Vashegyite42.12.2.1Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Arctowskite'-Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var. Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-M3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Crossite'-
'Faujasite'-M3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
Ferrosaponite-Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Heulandite'-
Heulandite-Sr-(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mogánite-SiO2
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Agate
-SiO2
var. Chalcedony-SiO2
var. Jasper-SiO2
Saponite
var. Bowlingite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tridymite
var. Christensenite
-SiO2
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'-Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'-Ca-Al-S-O-H
'Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)'-(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
'Wad'-Mn, O, H
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
H VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
H Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
H Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
H FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H WadMn, O, H
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore var. Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H FaujasiteM3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H ClinoptiloliteM3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
C Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
C MagnesiteMgCO3
NNitrogen
N Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
N Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
OOxygen
O Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
O Tridymite var. ChristenseniteSiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O CorundumAl2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
O VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
O Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
O Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
O TridymiteSiO2
O FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O MogániteSiO2
O Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O WadMn, O, H
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Clinochlore var. Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FaujasiteM3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ClinoptiloliteM3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
F WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
F MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Na WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Na Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Mg WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Mg FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore var. Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Al WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
Al Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
Al FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Clinochlore var. Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al FaujasiteM3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al ClinoptiloliteM3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si Tridymite var. ChristenseniteSiO2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si MogániteSiO2
Si Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore var. Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si FaujasiteM3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ClinoptiloliteM3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
P Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
P MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
P VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4).nH2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S SulphurS8
S BaryteBaSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
S MarcasiteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
S OrpimentAs2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
K SylviteKCl
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Ca Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
Ca FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ca Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
TiTitanium
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn WadMn, O, H
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Unnamed (NH₄-Mg Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Fe FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Clinochlore var. Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2 · 4H2O
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
As OrpimentAs2S3
SrStrontium
Sr Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Sr Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rowley, P.D., Vennum, W.R. (Eds.) (1988) Studies of the geology and mineral resources of the southern Antarctic Peninsula and eastern Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. USGS Professional Paper 1351.
Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003) Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 23, 41-43.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Peninsula
Wikidata ID:Q185605

External Links


Localities in this Region


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