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Cape York meteorite, Saviksoah Peninsula, Avannaata, Greenland, Denmarki
Regional Level Types
Cape York meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Saviksoah PeninsulaPeninsula
AvannaataMunicipality
GreenlandConstituent Country
DenmarkCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
76° 7' 59'' North , 64° 55' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Saviksoah meteorite; Ahnighito meteorite: Akpohon
Name(s) in local language(s):
Kap York


Octahedrite, IIIAB.

When European explorers encountered a tribe of Inuits in northwestern Greenland in 1818, they were astounded to find knife blades, harpoon points, and engraving tools made of meteoric iron. The meteorite was (re)discovered by Robert Peary in 1894 at Kap York.

Ahnighito (the Tent), 30,900 kilograms (68,100 lb), 1884-1897, Meteorite Island, 76°04'N - 64°58'W
Woman, 3,000 kilograms (6,600 lb), 1897, Saveruluk, 76°09'N - 64°56'W
Dog, 400 kilograms (880 lb), 1897, Saveruluk, 76°09'N - 64°56'W
Savik I, 3,400 kilograms (7,500 lb),[6] 1913, Savequarfik, 76°08'N - 64°36'W
Thule, 48.6 kilograms (107 lb), summer 1955, Thule, 76°32'N - 67°33'W
Savik II, 7.8 kilograms (17 lb), 1961, Savequarfik, 76°08'N - 64°36'W
Agpalilik (the Man), 20,000 kilograms (44,000 lb), 1963, Agpalilik, 76°09'N - 65°10'W
Tunorput, 250 kilograms (550 lb), 1984
Ahnighito (the Tent).

A 30,900 kg fragment of the Cape York meteorite. It had been used by the Innuit as a source of iron. It was located in 1894 by Robert E. Peary with the help of a local Inuit guide. It took Peary three years to collect the meteorite.

It is now on display at the American Museum of Natural History.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Buchwaldite (TL)
Formula: NaCa(PO4)
Type Locality:
Description: From the Agpalilik fragment.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1977) 62, 362-364; Handbook of Mineralogy
Carlsbergite (TL)
Formula: CrN
Type Locality:
Description: From the Agpalilik fragment
Reference: Nature (1971) 233, 113-114; Handbook of Mineralogy
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: American Mineralogist: 62: 362-364.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.; Olsen, E., Erlichman, J., Bunch, T.E., Moore, P.B. (1977) Buchwaldite, a new meteoritic phosphate mineral. American Mineralogist: 62: 362-364.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977) ; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Cubanite was idiosyncratically labelled 'Chalcopyrrhotite' by Ramdohr before later being corrected.
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Kracher, A., G.Kurat, V.F.Buchwald, Geochemical J. 11,207-217(1977)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: American Mineralogist: 62: 362-364.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.; Olsen, E., Erlichman, J., Bunch, T.E., Moore, P.B. (1977) Buchwaldite, a new meteoritic phosphate mineral. American Mineralogist: 62: 362-364.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Carlsbergite (TL)1.BC.15CrN
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Buchwaldite (TL)8.AD.25NaCa(PO4)
Marićite8.AC.20NaFe2+(PO4)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Carlsbergite (TL)1.1.20.1CrN
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
Miscellaneous
Schwertmannite6.4.10.1Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Buchwaldite (TL)38.1.2.2NaCa(PO4)
Marićite38.1.2.1NaFe2+(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
NNitrogen
N CarlsbergiteCrN
OOxygen
O BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
O SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
NaSodium
Na BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)
Na MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
PPhosphorus
P BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)
P MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
S SphaleriteZnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
S AlabanditeMnS
S SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
ClChlorine
Cl DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
KPotassium
K DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
CaCalcium
Ca BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)
CrChromium
Cr CarlsbergiteCrN
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
NiNickel
Ni DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 645124
unclassified; Metamorphic: undivided

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Greenland, Rae Craton (Greenland)

Comments: Craton and massif; Escher & Pulvertaft, 1995; Hamann et al., 2005; Jepsen, unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Gneiss, migmatite; reworked amphibolite and granulite facies rocks

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bøggild (1927) Meddelelser om Grønland: 74: 11.
Kracher, A., Kurat, G., Buchwald, V.F. (1977) Cape York: The extraordinary mineralogy of an ordinary iron meteorite and its implication for the genesis of III AB irons. Geochemical Journal: 11: 207-217.
Olsen, E., Erlichman, J., Bunch, T.E., Moore, P.B. (1977) Buchwaldite, a new meteoritic phosphate mineral. American Mineralogist: 62: 362-364.

External Links

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUsY5kIlq6k - Bjergning af en af verdens største jernmeteoritter, Agpalilik, fundet i Grønland (Retrieval of one of the world's largest iron meteorites Agpalilik, found in Greenland) - YouTube

http://skyandtelescope.com/observing/objects/meteors/article_122_2.asp


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