Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Hibashi Cave, Mintaqah Makkah, Saudi Arabia

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 21° 10' North , 42° 10' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 21.16667,42.16667
GeoHash:G#: sgvbrt2bf
Locality type:Cave
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Lava tube cave

Regions containing this locality

Arabian Peninsula

Peninsula - 400 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Archerite
Formula: (K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Arnhemite'
Formula: (K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Biphosphammite
Formula: (NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Pyrocoproite'
Formula: (K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Pyrophosphite'
Formula: K2Ca(P2O7)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Urea
Formula: CO(NH2)2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Aphthitalite'7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Arcanite'7.AD.05K2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Archerite'8.AD.15(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
'Arnhemite'8.FC.20(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
'Biphosphammite'8.AD.15(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Pyrocoproite8.FA.20(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Pyrophosphite8.FA.20K2Ca(P2O7)
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Urea10.CA.35CO(NH2)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Archerite37.1.4.2(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Biphosphammite37.1.4.1(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Miscellaneous
'Pyrophosphite'38.5.8.K2Ca(P2O7)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Miscellaneous
Urea50.4.6.1CO(NH2)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Arnhemite'-(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Pyrocoproite'-(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
H Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
H Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H UreaCO(NH2)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C UreaCO(NH2)2
NNitrogen
N Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
N UreaCO(NH2)2
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
O Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
O Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
O PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
O QuartzSiO2
O UreaCO(NH2)2
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
NaSodium
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
MgMagnesium
Mg Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AlAluminium
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
P Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
P Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
P PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S ArcaniteK2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
K Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
K Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
K Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
K PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3311028

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3190250
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pint, J.J., Al-Shanti, M.A., Al-Juaid, A.J., Al-Amoudi, S.A., and Forti, P, 2005, Ghar al Hibashi Harrat Nawasif/Al Buqum, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with the collaboration of R. Akbar, P. Vincent, S. Kempe, P. Boston, F.H. Kattan, E. Galli, A. Rossi, and S. Pint: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p., 43 figs, 1 table, 2 apps., 1 plate.
Paolo Forti - Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 3-13.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 22, 2019 18:33:16 Page generated: October 12, 2018 18:57:38
Go to top of page