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Prominent Hill Mine, Central North, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Prominent Hill MineMine (Active)
Central North- not defined -
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 29° 43' 9'' South , 135° 34' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -29.71944,135.58333
GeoHash:G#: r48qvm8z8
Owned/operated by:OZ Minerals (100%)
Locality type:Mine (Active) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Copper-gold-silver mine (iron-oxide copper-gold deposit, discovered in 2001).
An open-pit mine which commenced production in February 2009.

Owned by OZ Minerals Ltd.

Copper and gold-bearing hematite-rich breccias formed by repetitive hydrothermal brecciation, milling, and explosive venting within a volcanic setting. Iron oxide-sericite-silica alteration is pervasive within and marginal to the main breccias.

Mineralisation is similar to that of the Carrapateena deposit.
In contrast to the Olympic Dam deposit, an iron oxide copper gold deposit of similar age about 200 km to the southeast of Prominent Hill, uranium values do not exceed 150 ppm and therefore uranium recovery is not economical.

Located midway between the Olympic Dam deposit and Cooper Pedy.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Eromanga Basin, AustraliaBasin
Gawler Craton, South Australia, AustraliaCraton
Arckaringa Basin, South Australia, AustraliaBasin
Billa Kalina Basin, Lake Eyre Basin, South Australia, AustraliaBasin

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: http://www.minerals.pir.sa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/93785/mj50_pace_MajorMines_DevelopmentProjects.pdf; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
'Monazite'
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.; Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O UraniniteUO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
UUranium
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186292
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,siltstone,limestone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Albian - Barremian
100.5 - 129.4 Ma



ID: 921651
Bulldog Shale

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 129.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bulldog Shale

Description: Grey mudstone; bioturbated, fossiliferous and shaly; minor silt to very fine-grained sandstone intervals

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Belperio, A., Flint, R., Freeman, H. (2007): Prominent Hill: A Hematite-Dominated, Iron Oxide Copper-Gold System. Economic Geology 102, 499–1510.
Schlegel, T. U., & Heinrich, C. A. (2015). Lithology and Hydrothermal Alteration Control the Distribution of Copper Grade in the Prominent Hill Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold Deposit (Gawler Craton, South Australia). Economic Geology, 110(8), 1953-1994.

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