IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep mindat.org running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Ivigtut Cryolite deposit, Ivittuut (Ivigtut), Arsuk Fjord, Sermersooq, Greenland, Denmark

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name(s) in local language(s):Ivittuut, Arsuk Firth, Kommuneqarfik Sermersooq, Kalaallit Nunaat
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 61° 12' 21'' North , 48° 10' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 61.20611,-48.17556
GeoHash:G#: ffvspwpxk
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Ivigtut was the world's only mine for cryolite. Cryolite was used [as early as the nineteenth century] as a flux for processing bauxite in aluminum production and before that to produce opaline glass. The mine closed several times in the 1960s, 1970s & 1980s but production continued - dumps were dug out, the mine reopened to excavate low-grade ore and finally the pier, made from 'waste rock', was removed and processed.

Most of the interesting sulphides are known from small spots in polished ore sections (galena is a good indicator mineral!). In cryolite only pyrite, galena, sphalerite and chalcopyrite are common. Molybdenite chiefly occurs in the host rock, enclosing the cryolite ore body.

Ivigtut is a spectacular source of rare minerals, but optimistic erroneous identifications abound. Cryolite crystals are for all practical purposes rarely available - they were collected a long time ago and everybody wants them. Virtually all specimens came from two large pockets. By far most of the 'Cryolite crystals' I see are thomsenolite, pachnolite, ralstonite or something similar, subject to optimistic interpretation. Incidentally, thomsenolite does occur as parallel grown very large pseudo-cubic crystals and/or crystals with strong basal cleavage that make good cryolite imitations!

Particularly European dealers in the 1980s offered prosopite crystals, more often than not accompanied by assurances they had been 'x-rayed' and were thus correctly identified. Bogus! Most - most, but not all! - of these are microscopic crystals of ralstonite, coating the interior of druses in massive blue prosopite. Obviously, if you remove the interior of a druse with a dental drill, and look for prosopite on your X-ray machine, you are going to find ... prosopite! This comes from the matrix, not the crystals. Prosopite crystals are quite rare, invariably 'flattened six-sided' (say, like a double arrowhead), whereas ralstonite is cubic (and in this association, usually octahedral).

[Many uninformed people claim Ivigtut as the locality for their specimens merely because it is the most famous locality there.] Villiaumite ... when I see this, I usually just walk away from the perpetrator. villiaumite is sodium fluoride, comes from Greenland, and thus must be from Ivigtut 'where all the fluorides come from.' I doubt anybody would accept a claim of benitoite [should be from Gem Mine, San Benito Co., California] as coming from the Stewart Mine near Pala, San Diego Co. [lithium pegmatite with tourmaline] merely because both produce interesting silicates? In Greenland, villiaumite occurs exclusively at Kvanefjeld in the Ilimaussaq alkaline intrusion near Narssaq ... a bit further than San Diego Co. is from San Benito Co.

(Comments by Claus Hedegaard, 8. 12. 2007)

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Ivigtut Cryolite deposit, Ivittuut (Ivigtut), Arsuk Fjord, Sermersooq, Greenland
Ivigtut, Arsukfjorden, Greenland
Ivigtut Cryolite deposit, Ivittuut (Ivigtut), Arsuk Firth, Arsuk, Kitaa (West Greenland) Province, Greenland
Ivigtut Cryolite Deposit, Ivittuut (Ivigtut), Arsuk Firth, Arsuk, Kitaa Province (West Greenland), Greenland

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


89 valid minerals. 17 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Acuminite (TL)
Formula: Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Description: Found in 2 cavities in a singlehanded specimen
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1987) 502-514; Nickel & Nichols, 1991]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Petersen, O. V and K Secher (1993) The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24:36; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Apatite'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Arcubisite (TL)
Formula: Ag6CuBiS4
Reference: Lithos (1976) 9, 253-257; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
'Biotite'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bøggildite (TL)
Formula: Na2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Reference: [Acta Chem.Scand.(1954) 8, 136 and Meddr Gronland,(1956) 137, 6, p.1: Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual, p24]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bøgvadite (TL)
Formula: Na2SrBa2Al4F20
Reference: [Bull.geol.Soc.Denmark,(1988) 37, 21-30; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p82]; Petersen, O. V and K Secher (1993) The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24:36
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cerussite ?
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Entered without reference.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Karup-Møller, Sven A. and Hans Pauly (1979). Galena and associated ore minerals from the cryolite at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. Greenland Geoscience 2, l-25.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Chiolite
Formula: Na5Al3F14
Habit: Grainy masses
Colour: white
Description: First described under the name arksutite, later showed to be chiolite (Nordenskiöld 1886)
Reference: Nordenshiöld, A. E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. 10. Arksutit från Ivigtut i Grönland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger 8: 172-175; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 124; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: Blomstrand, G. W., 1866, Journal fur Praktische Chemie, v. 99, p. 41.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cryolite (TL)
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: Scherer's Allg. Journal D. Chemie,(1799) 2, p. 502; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 112.;Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cryolithionite (TL)
Formula: Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Reference: Overs. K. D. (1904) Vid. Selsk. Forh.: 1: 3; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Eskimoite (TL)
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Reference: [NJMA 131 (1977), 56]; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1069.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: Massive, 110, 111, 100
Colour: Purple, pale green, greyish, brick-red
Fluorescence: None
Description: Massive: Purple common in host rock (ass. by fine-scaled mica) and as finegrained mixture with Topaz and/or Cryolite. Pale green and smoky patches occur in massive Cryolite. Brick-red in host-rock; most 'Bøggildte' in collections is massive, brick-red Fluorite. Crystals: Rare. Bøggild (1953) describes black (purple in thin splinters) crystals (dominant octahedron, subordinate cube and dodecahedron) on Quartz xx. I (Claus Hedegaard) have not seen this and suspect they have been washed out of massive Cryolite. Occasional druses of poorly shaped crystals lining 5-15 mm pockets in host rock are known. Rare, dark purple, dodecahedral crystals imbedded in coarse, pale brown Siderite (one boulder -> several specimens in Claus Hedegaard collection).
Reference: Bøggild, O.B. (1953). Mineralogy of Greenland Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112; Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68. ; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Gearksutite (TL)
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 120; American Mineralogist (2000), 85, 231–235.]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Gustavite (TL)
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1970) 10, 173-190; Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke
'Hagemannite'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Hornblende'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Hydrokenoralstonite (TL)
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 127; Pauly, 1965 - "Ralstonite from Ivigtut, South Greenland", American Mineralogist: 50: 1851-1864.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Jarlite (TL)
Formula: Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 119; Canadian Mineralogist (1983): 21: 553; Canadian Mineralogist (1992): 30: 449.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Jarlite var: Meta-jarlite
Formula: Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Jørgensenite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Reference: Can. Mineral., 35, 175–179
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Colour: white
Description: White powdery aggregate on cryolite
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O. V and K Secher (1993) The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24:36
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Pachnolite (TL)
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112; Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 561 (1983); Lapis 11 (1985), 9.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/paragonite.pdf
'Potassic-hastingsite'
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Specimens undergoing study at Roma Tre/Pavia Universities, Italy.
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 128.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: As 0,5 mm black, prismatic crystals.
Colour: Black
Description: The schorl was confirmd with SEM/EDS by the Russian mineralogist Pavel Kartashov on a polished section of a specimen with jørgensenite, bøgvadite, baryte, weberite, jarlite, etc. Although it probably crystallised from a very fluor-rich environment, subsequent detailed crystal-structure refinements (Uwe Kolitsch) clearly showed that it is a normal, albeit Fe-rich schorl (R3m; a = 16.029 A, c = 7.247 A) which is practically F-free and shows no monoclinic distortion.
Reference: SEM-EDS by Russian mineralogist Pavel Kartashov + crystal-structure refinements by Uwe Kolitsch (a = 16.029 A, c = 7.247 A; see comments).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 170.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Stenonite (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Reference: H. Pauly: Medd. Grønland 169(9):1-24 (1962); Amer. Mineral. 48:1178 (1963); Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Teallite
Formula: PbSnS2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Thomsenolite (TL)
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 117; Acta Cryst. 23 (1967).; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 128.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'UM1976-12-S:AgTe'
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1976): Arcubisite and mineral B - two new minerals from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Lithos: 9: 253-257; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1978): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63:
'UM1979-15-S:AgSbTe'
Formula: Ag8Sb(S,Te)6
Reference: Karup-Møller, S., Pauly, H. (1979) Galena and associated ore minerals from the cryolite at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Medd. Grønland, Greenland Geoscience: 2: l-25; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 1280
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Valleriite ?
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Description: Entered without any reference
Vikingite (TL)
Formula: Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
Reference: [Bull.geol.Soc.Denmark,(1977) 26, 41-68 and Neues Jahrb.Min.,Abh.(1977) 131, 56-82]; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Weberite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Reference: Meddelelser om Grønland (1938), 119(7), 1; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 128.;Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: Abundant as small, greasy, brownish grains/crystals in host rock w. Quartz/mica/feldspar/Fluorite but also Cryolite, Thomsenolite, etc. The key is 'host rock' - the halogenides are just associates and this material tends to be undercollected as it does not produce attractive specimens. However, if you have a piece with Quartz/mica/feldspar there is a very good chance of finding inconspicuous Zircon. A 3 mm Zircon from Ivigtut is superb! (Clause Hedegaard 2008)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
'Arcubisite' (TL)2.LA.40Ag6CuBiS4
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Berryite'2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Canfieldite'2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
'Cervelleite'2.BA.60Ag4TeS
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cosalite'2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Emplectite'2.HA.05CuBiS2
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Eskimoite' (TL)2.JB.40bAg7Pb10Bi15S36
'Freibergite'2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gustavite' (TL)2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
'Kësterite '2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
'Mackinawite'2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Matildite'2.JA.20AgBiS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Teallite2.CD.05PbSnS2
Valleriite ?2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vikingite (TL)2.JB.40aAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
'Acuminite' (TL)3.CC.10Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
'Bøggildite' (TL)3.CG.20Na2Sr2Al2PO4F9
'Bøgvadite' (TL)3.CF.15Na2SrBa2Al4F20
'Chiolite'3.CE.05Na5Al3F14
'Cryolite' (TL)3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
'Cryolithionite' (TL)3.CB.05Na3Li3[AlF6]2
'Elpasolite'3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
'Gearksutite' (TL)3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
'Hydrokenoralstonite' (TL)3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
'Jarlite' (TL)3.CC.20Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
var: Meta-jarlite3.CC.20Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
'Jørgensenite' (TL)3.CC.20Na2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Pachnolite (TL)3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Stenonite (TL)3.CG.05(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Thomsenolite (TL)3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Weberite (TL)3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Böhmite'4.FE.15AlO(OH)
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Columbite-(Fe)'4.DB.35FeNb2O6
'Diaspore'4.FD.10AlO(OH)
'Ferberite'4.DB.30FeWO4
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Lepidocrocite'4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Cerussite' ?5.AB.15PbCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Coffinite'9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hagemannite'-
'Hornblende'-
Potassic-hastingsite-{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Thorogummite-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UM1976-12-S:AgTe-Ag4TeS
UM1979-15-S:AgSbTe-Ag8Sb(S,Te)6
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Zinnwaldite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Teallite2.9.10.1PbSnS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite ?2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Arcubisite (TL)3.2.6.1Ag6CuBiS4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Gustavite (TL)3.4.15.3AgPbBi3S6
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Ourayite3.5.6.1Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
2 < ø < 2.49
Berryite3.6.15.1Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Eskimoite (TL)3.6.2.1Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Vikingite (TL)3.6.11.1Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Acuminite (TL)11.6.17.1Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Bøgvadite (TL)11.6.20.1Na2SrBa2Al4F20
Chiolite11.6.11.1Na5Al3F14
Cryolite (TL)11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Cryolithionite (TL)11.6.4.1Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Elpasolite11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Gearksutite (TL)11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite (TL)11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Jarlite (TL)11.6.10.1Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Pachnolite (TL)11.6.5.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Thomsenolite (TL)11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Weberite (TL)11.6.13.1Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Bøggildite (TL)12.1.6.1Na2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Stenonite (TL)12.1.1.1(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite ?14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hagemannite'-
'Hornblende'-
Jarlite
var: Meta-jarlite
-Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Jørgensenite (TL)-Na2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Potassic-hastingsite'-{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'UM1976-12-S:AgTe'-Ag4TeS
'UM1979-15-S:AgSbTe'-Ag8Sb(S,Te)6
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
H JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
LiLithium
Li CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
OOxygen
O AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
O BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
O JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
F BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
F BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20
F ChioliteNa5Al3F14
F CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
F CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
F ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
F JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
F Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
F PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
F Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Na BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20
Na ChioliteNa5Al3F14
Na CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Na CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
Na ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Na JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Na Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Na PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Mg Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
AlAluminium
Al AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Al BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al ChioliteNa5Al3F14
Al CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Al CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Al JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S ArcubisiteAg6CuBiS4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CanfielditeAg8SnS6
S CelestineSrSO4
S CervelleiteAg4TeS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S GalenaPbS
S GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TeallitePbSnS2
S UM1976-12-S:AgTeAg4TeS
S UM1979-15-S:AgSbTeAg8Sb(S,Te)6
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
KPotassium
K ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Potassic-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu ArcubisiteAg6CuBiS4
Cu BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
SrStrontium
Sr AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Sr BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
Sr BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Sr JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
Sr Jarlite (var: Meta-jarlite)Na(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
Sr Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ArcubisiteAg6CuBiS4
Ag BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Ag CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Ag CervelleiteAg4TeS
Ag EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag UM1976-12-S:AgTeAg4TeS
Ag UM1979-15-S:AgSbTeAg8Sb(S,Te)6
Ag VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
SnTin
Sn CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn TeallitePbSnS2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb UM1979-15-S:AgSbTeAg8Sb(S,Te)6
TeTellurium
Te CervelleiteAg4TeS
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te UM1976-12-S:AgTeAg4TeS
Te UM1979-15-S:AgSbTeAg8Sb(S,Te)6
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Pb OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Pb TeallitePbSnS2
Pb VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi ArcubisiteAg6CuBiS4
Bi BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
Bi GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Bi VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 644473
unclassified; Metamorphic: undivided

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Greenland, North Atlantic Craton (Greenland and Canada)

Comments: Craton and massif; Escher & Pulvertaft, 1995; Hamann et al., 2005; Jepsen, unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Gneiss, migmatite; reworked amphibolite and granulite facies rocks

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3130552
Archean gneiss

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3189042
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Archaean Block Of Greenland

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; amphibolite grade orthogneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
d’Andrada, J.B. (1800) Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie: 4: 28-39. [description of cryolite]
Abildgaard, P.C. (1801) Om norske Titanertser og om en nye Steenart fra Grønland, som bestaar af Flusspatsyre og Alunjord. Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter: 3(1.1): 306-316.
Klaproth, M.H. (1802) Untersuchung des Kryoliths, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin: 207-214.
Hagemann, G. (1866) On some minerals associated with the Cryolite in Greenland. The American Journal of Science and Art, 2nd series: 42(124): 93-94.
Krenner, J.A. (1883) Die grönlandischen Minerale der Kryolithgruppe. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschafliche Berichte, Ungarn: 1: 1-24.
Nordenshiöld, A.E. (1886) Mineralogiska bidrag. 10. Arksutit från Ivigtut i Grönland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger: 8: 172-175.
Ussing, N.V. (1904) Sur la cryolithionite, espéce minérals nouvelle. Bulletin de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et des Letres de Danemark: 1: 1-12.
Bøggild, O.B. (1905) Mineralogia Groenlandica. Meddelelser om Grønland: 32.
Baldauf, R. (1910) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie, Berlin, hale a.S.: 18: 432.
Steenstrup, K.J.V. (1911) Om Jærnspaten i Kryoliten ved Ivigtut. Meddelelser om Grønland: 47(11).
Bøggild, O.B. (1911) Iagttagelser over Kryolitgruppens Mineraler. Meddelelser om Grønland: 50(3).
Bøggild, O.B. (1912) Krystallform und Zwillingsbildungen des Kryoliths, des Perovskits und des Boracits Zeitschrift für Krystallographie: 50: 349-429.
Bøggild, O.B. (1912) De stalaktitiske Mineraler fra Ivigtut. Meddelelser om Grønland: 50(5): 177-185.
Bøggild, O.B. (1913) Beobachtungen über die Mineralien der Kryolithgruppe, Zeitschrift für Krystallographie: 51(6): 591-613.
Bøggild, O.B. (1913) Die stalaktitischen Mineralien von Ivigtut. Mineralogical and Geological Museum of The University, Copenhagen, Contributions to Mineralogy 13, Zeitschrift für Krystallographie: 51(6): 613-623 pl. XV.
Bernard (1916) [Title]. Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 202
Ball, S.H. (1922) The Mineral Resources of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 63(1).
Clausen, H. (1928) On the crystal structure of cryolithionite. Mémoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague, section des sciences, 9th series: 1(2): 77-99
Doelter, C. (1930) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 4(3): 303.
Bøgvad, R. (1933) New Minerals from Ivigtut, Southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 92(8): 11 pp.
Crommelin, R.D. (1937) A Sedimentary Petrological Investigation of a Number of Sand Samples from the South Coast of Greenland between Ivigtut and Frederiksdal. Meddelelser om Grønland: 114(1).
Bøgvad, Richard (1938) Weberite, a new Mineral from Ivigtut. Meddelelser om Grønland: 119(7): 11 pp.
Gordon, S.G. (1939) Wulfenite, ralstonite and thomsenolite from Ivigtut, Greenland. Academy of Sciences in Philadelphia, Notulae Naturae: 11: 1-2.
Callisen, K. (1943) Igneous Rocks of the Ivigtut Region, Greenland. Part I: The Nepheline Syenites of the Grønne Dal-Ika Area. Meddelelser om Grønland: 131(8).
Bøgvad, R. (1951) Mineralogical observations on the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 12: 109-110.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1069.
Donnay, J.D.H. (1952) Cryolite twinning. American Mineralogist: 37: 230-234.
Bøggild, O.B. (1953) The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 149(3): 442 pp. 88 text figs. 1 map.
Bondam, J. and Bøgvad, R. (1955) The geothermal gradient at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening/Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark: 13: 43-45.
Pauly, H. (1956) Bøggildite. A New Phosphate-Fluoride from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse. Bulletin 24.
Møller, C.K. (1956) X-ray investigation of Bøggildite. Meddelelser om Grønland, 137(6), + Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse Bulletin 14.
Pauly, H. (1956) Bøggildite. A New Phosphate-Fluoride from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 137(6): 24 pp. 4 plates.
Pauly, H. (1960) Paragenetic relations in the main Cryolite ore of Ivigtut, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 94: 121-139.
Soen, O.I. (1962) Hornblendic Rocks and their Polymetamorphic Derivatives in an Area NW. of Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 169(6).
Pauly, H. (1962) Stenonite. A new Carbonate-Fluoride from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 169(9): 24 pp. 3 text figs. 2 plates.
Ayrton, S.N. (1963) A Contribution to the Geological Investigations in the Region of Ivigtut, SW Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 167(3). (Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse)
Emeleus, C.H. (1964) The Grønnedal-Ika Alkaline Complex, South Greenland: The Structure and Geological History of the Complex. Meddelelser om Grønland: 172(3) (Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse) 75 pp. 25 text figs. 3 maps
Bondesen, E. and Henriksen, N. (1965) On some Pre-cambrian Metadolerites from the Central Ivigtut Region, SW Grønland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 179(2).
Pauly, H. (1965) Ralstonite from Ivigtut, South Greenland. American Mineralogist: 50: 1851-1864.
Soen, O.I. and Pauly, H. (1967) A Sulphide Paragenesis with Pyrrhotite and Markasite in the Siderite-Cryolite Ore of Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 175(5).
Henriksen, N. (1969) Chemical relations between metabasaltic lavas and metadolerites in the Ivigtut Area, South-West Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening [Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark]: 19(1): 27-50.
Kalsbeek, F. and Leake, B.E. (1970) The Chemistry and Origin of Some Basement Amphibolites between Ivigtut and Frederikshåb, South-West Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 190(4).
Pauly, H. and Siemes, H. (1973) Microhardness of galena related to Ag-Bi-content, orientation and deformation. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 22(1): 50-78.
Karup-Møller, S.A. (1973) Gustavite-Cosalite-Galena-Bearing Mineral Suite from the Cryolite Deposit at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5).
Bertelsen, A. and Henriksen, N. (1975) Geological Map of Greenland 1:100000, Ivigtut 61 V.1 Syd. Meddelelser om Grønland: 186(1). Geodætisk Institut. 1975. Grønland: (1:250.000) 61 V.1 Ivigtut [map]
Hawthorne, F.C. and Ferguson, R.B. (1975) Refinement of the crystal structure of cryolite. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 377-382.
Pauly, H. (1978) Twins in Cryolite types from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 27: 7-14.
Pauly, H. (1979) Ivigtut, eine einzigartige Pegmatit-Lagerstätte in Südgrönland. Lapis: 4(5): 9-17.
Karup-Møller, S.A. and Pauly, H. (1979) Galena and associated ore minerals from the cryolite at Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland Geoscience: 2.
Leonardsen, E.S., Pauly, H., Petersen, O.V., and Rønsbo, J.G. (1980) Retrieval of Wulfenite from the cryolite deposit, Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 29(3): 145-150.
Bailey, J.C. (1980) Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark: 29: 1-45.
Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1984) Grönland. Mineralien-Geologie-Geschichte. Magma: 6.
Pauly, H. (1985) Hardness of cryolite, chiolite, cryolithionite and other fluorides from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 34(3-4): 145-150.
Pauly, H. (1985) Mechanical properties of cryolite from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 33(3-4): 401-414.
Pauly, H. and Petersen, O.V. (1986) Pachnolite: new optical data with a note on artificial precipitates. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 1986(6): 241-250.
Pauly, H. (1986) Cryolithionite and Li in the cryolite deposit, Ivigtut, South Greenland. Det kongelige danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Matematiske og Fysiske Meddelelser: 41(1): 24 pp.
Pauly, H. (1986) Chiolite in the cryolite deposit in Ivigtut, South Greenland, in I.R. Craig, R.D. Hagni, W. Kiesl, I.M. Lange, N.V. Petrovskaya, T.N. Shadlun, G. Udubasa & S.S. Augustithis (eds.), Mineral parageneses, Theophrastus Publications, Athens.
Stigø, S. (1987) Eventyret om Kryolit, Kryolitselskabet Øresund A/S (København).
Pauly, H. and Petersen, O.V. (1987) Acuminite, a new Sr-fluoride from Ivigtut, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 1987(11): 504-514.
Pauly, H. and Petersen, O.V. (1988) Bøgvadite, Na2SrBa2Al4F20, a new fluoride from the cryolite deposit, Ivigtut, S. Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark): 37(1-2): 21-30.
Pauly, H. (1992) Topaz, prosopite and closing stages of formation of the Ivigtut cryolite deposit, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland Geoscience: 28: 22 pp. 20 text figs.
Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993) The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record: 24(2): 36.
Ljungdal, B. (2004) Mineral-guide, Ivittuut Kryolitbrud (IN Danish). Grønlands Stenklub 2004. ISBN: 87-990597-0-3
Hedegaard, C. (2004) Mineralguide, Ivittuut kryolitbrud by Bjarne Ljungdal. (In Danish) Grønlands Stenklub, ISBN: 87-990597-0-3.

External Links

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeAZ0udvogc - Cryolite quarry in Ivittuut (1949-53) Info: 8:30 min. In Danish.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 16, 2018 18:28:21 Page generated: November 16, 2018 09:08:43
Go to top of page