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Richmond-Sitting Bull Mine, Galena District, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Richmond-Sitting Bull MineMine
Galena DistrictMining District
Lawrence Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° North , 103° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~1km
Locality type:


Ref.: Rocks & Min.: 60:111. Ore is at the "Upper" contact zone, Cambrian Deadwood formation.

REF: "The Mines Around and Beyond", Joel K. Waterland, 1991, pp 139 - 148.

Originally located in September, 1876. Two companies, the Sitting Bull (Sitting Bull and Tiger Tail claims) and Richmond (Silver Terra, Fraction and Surplus Claims) owned adjoining properties. By 1883, the Sitting Bull company had mined into Richmond company property and litigation ensued. A bench trial was agreed upon by both parties (to reduce the risk of bribery and jury tampering) and lasted 56 days, calling 95 witnesses. Sitting Bull claimed the right to follow the ore under the Apex Law, but the court found in favor of the Richmond company under the Blanket Formation rule. The Sitting Bull company was liquidated and the Richmond obtained its properties. Mining continued until mid 1891 when ore depletion and low silver prices forced closure.

The Richmond-Sitting Bull Mining Company was formed in 1905. Sporadic activity occurred under various owners until 1922, but very little ore was produced.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
'Turgite'
Reference: Van King
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:111.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arthurite8.DC.15CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Tsumcorite8.CG.15PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Turgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Tsumcorite40.2.9.1PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Arthurite42.11.20.2CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O HematiteFe2O3
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

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