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Bendigo, City of Greater Bendigo, Victoria, Australia

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Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 45' 22'' South , 144° 16' 48'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -36.75618,144.28013
Neighbouring regions:

Gold mining from gold-quartz saddle reef deposits and alluvial deposits since the 19th century. The first gold was discovered in 1851.

Bendigo represented the highest producing goldfield in Australia in the 19th century.

"Syngenetic gold was most likely sourced by erosion of the hinterland, and transported attached to detrital clay particles or as colloidal gold, by a high-volume feeder river system. Gold and other redox sensitive trace elements were ultimately trapped by reduction, adsorption and complexation with organic matter in the sub-oxic to anoxic over-bank deposits." (Bull & Large, 2015).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Holocene - Pliocene
0 - 5.333 Ma

ID: 855847
Shepparton Formation

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Shepparton Formation

Description: Unconsolidated to poorly consolidated mottled variegated clay, silty clay with lenses of polymictic, coarse to fine sand and gravel; partly modified by pedogenesis, includes intercalated red-brown paleosols. Forms extensive flat alluvial floodplains

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.



Wilson, Christopher J.L., Schaubs, Peter M., Leader, Lawrence D. (2013) Mineral Precipitation in the Quartz Reefs of the Bendigo Gold Deposit, Victoria, Australia. Economic Geology, 108, 259-278.

Stuart W. Bull and Ross R. Large (2015): Setting the stage for the genesis of the giant Bendigo ore system. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 393, 161-187.

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