Bendigo, City of Greater Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
|Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.|
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||36° 45' 22'' South , 144° 16' 48'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||-36.75618,144.28013|
Gold mining from gold-quartz saddle reef deposits and alluvial deposits since the 19th century. The first gold was discovered in 1851.
Bendigo represented the highest producing goldfield in Australia in the 19th century.
"Syngenetic gold was most likely sourced by erosion of the hinterland, and transported attached to detrital clay particles or as colloidal gold, by a high-volume feeder river system. Gold and other redox sensitive trace elements were ultimately trapped by reduction, adsorption and complexation with organic matter in the sub-oxic to anoxic over-bank deposits." (Bull & Large, 2015).
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
13 valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|Holocene - Pliocene|
0 - 5.333 Ma
Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)
Stratigraphic Name: Shepparton Formation
Description: Unconsolidated to poorly consolidated mottled variegated clay, silty clay with lenses of polymictic, coarse to fine sand and gravel; partly modified by pedogenesis, includes intercalated red-brown paleosols. Forms extensive flat alluvial floodplains
Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions
Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). 
Localities in this Region
Wilson, Christopher J.L., Schaubs, Peter M., Leader, Lawrence D. (2013) Mineral Precipitation in the Quartz Reefs of the Bendigo Gold Deposit, Victoria, Australia. Economic Geology, 108, 259-278.
Stuart W. Bull and Ross R. Large (2015): Setting the stage for the genesis of the giant Bendigo ore system. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 393, 161-187.