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Hekla, Southern Region, Icelandi
Regional Level Types
Hekla- not defined -
Southern RegionRegion
IcelandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Hekla, Suðurland, Ísland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 63° 59' 36'' North , 19° 39' 47'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 63.99361,-19.66333
GeoHash:G#: ge6h099tg
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


The only calc-alkaline volcano on Iceland.
Hekla is a 1491 m high stratovolcano, and one of Iceland's most active volcanoes.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

11 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Description: Deposited in vesicles from vapor phase.
Reference: GSA Southeastern Section - 60th Annual Meeting (23–25 March 2011) Paper No. 13-17
Heklaite (TL)
Formula: KNaSiF6
Type Locality:
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Hieratite
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Jakobssonite (TL)
Formula: CaAlF5
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P. & Leonardsen, E. (2012): Jakobssonite, CaAlF5, a new mineral from fumaroles at the Eldfell and Hekla volcanoes, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 751-760.
Leonardsenite (TL)
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić,T., Acquafredda, P. and Jakobsson, S.P. (2011): Leonardsenite, IMA 2011-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2889; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893
Malladrite
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Óskarssonite
Formula: AlF3
Reference: Balić-Žunić T., Mitolo D., Garavelli A., Jakobsson S.P., Leonardsen E. (2014): New fumarolic minerals from Mt. Hekla volcano, Iceland: FeF3(H2O)3. Plinius, 40, 294.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17.
Topsøeite (TL)
Formula: FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-́Žunic, T., Garavelli, A. Mitolo, D. (2017): Topsøeite, IMA 2016-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409; Balić-Zunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D. (2018): Topsøeite, FeF3(H2O)3, a new fumarolic mineral from the Hekla volcano, Iceland. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 841-848.
Verneite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca3Al2F14
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Hieratite3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Malladrite3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Heklaite (TL)-KNaSiF6
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5·2H2O
Topsøeite (TL)-FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
Óskarssonite-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Heklaite (TL)11.5.8.KNaSiF6
Hieratite11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5·2H2O
Topsøeite (TL)-FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
Óskarssonite-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
H TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
NNitrogen
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
O TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
FFluorine
F JakobssoniteCaAlF5
F HeklaiteKNaSiF6
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
F TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
F VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F ÓskarssoniteAlF3
NaSodium
Na HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Na VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
AlAluminium
Al JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Al VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al ÓskarssoniteAlF3
SiSilicon
Si HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
KPotassium
K HeklaiteKNaSiF6
K HieratiteK2[SiF6]
CaCalcium
Ca JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Ca VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
FeIron
Fe TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 656505
Igneous: extrusive; Extrusive: mafic

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Arctic-North Atlantic region, Iceland, North Atlantic, East Greenland volcanic belt

Comments: Oceanic basin; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Basalt, olivine basalt, tholeiite, alkali basalt, basanite, pillow basalt, flood basalt

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Holocene
0 - 0.0117 Ma



ID: 3148171
Holocene basalt

Age: Anthropocene (0 - 0.0117 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Tertiary
2.588 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185314
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17.
Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P. & Leonardsen, E. (2012): Jakobssonite, CaAlF5, a new mineral from fumaroles at the Eldfell and Hekla volcanoes, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 751-760.
Mitolo D., Garavelli A., Balić-Žunić T., Acquafredda P., Jakobsson S.P. (2013): Leonardsenite, MgAlF5(H2O)2, A New mineral species from Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey Island, Iceland. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 377-386.
Balić-Žunić T., Mitolo D., Garavelli A., Jakobsson S.P., Leonardsen E. (2014): New fumarolic minerals from Mt. Hekla volcano, Iceland: FeF3(H2O)3. Plinius, 40, 294.
Balić-Zunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D. (2018): Topsøeite, FeF3(H2O)3, a new fumarolic mineral from the Hekla volcano, Iceland. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 841-848.

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