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Lost River; Grothe-Pearson; Tozer Prospect, Port Clarence District, Nome Borough, Alaska, USA

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Location: This prospect is a 0.75 mile, east-west trending zone along the Rapid River fault where it crosses Lost River valley. This is approximately 4.5 miles upstream from the mouth of Lost River on the Bering Sea (21 miles west of Brevig Mission). The prospect is best exposed on a low bench on the east side of the river at elevations of 200 to 250 feet just north of the mouth of Tin Creek. This prospect was not separately identified by Cobb and Sainsbury (1972) or Cobb (1975). It is also known as the Grothe-Pearson prospect (Sainsbury, 1969, plate 5); it merges to the west with the Bessie-Maple prospect (TE038) and to the south with the Idaho prospect (TE040). The Tozer prospect (Sainsbury, 1969, plate 5) is included here as part of the Lost River valley prospect.
Geology: Sainsbury (1969; 1972) maps the Rapid River fault as a 12-mile long east-west trending thrust fault in the southern part of the York Mountains although stratigraphic relations across the fault suggest normal displacement. Sainsbury (1969) indicates that the Rapid River fault is continuous for another 1.5 miles east of this prospect but earlier mapping (Sainsbury, 1964) suggests the possiblity that the Rapid River fault is offset by the north-south trending Lost River normal fault in the area of this prospect. Bedrock in the prospect area is Ordovician limestone locally cut by thin felsic dikes. Mineralization is probably at least locally present over about 5,000 feet of strike of the Rapid River fault including the Lost River valley and Bessie-Maple prospect (TE038) to the west. Soil samples across this prospect on the east side of Lost River are highly anomalous in base metals, tin, and beryllium (Sainsbury, 1969, plate 5). Mineralization exposed in dozer trenches is of several types; (1) fluorite and chyrsoberyl veins with diaspore, tourmaline, and white mica, (2) fluorite veins with or without fine-grained silica, (3) sulfide-bearing veins with stannite and related gossanous zones, and (4) quartz-muscovite- tourmaline-pyrite veinlets with up to 1.1% tin. Samples of the fluorite-beryllium mineralization contain 0.4 to almost 2% BeO and 50 to 59% fluorite (Sainsbury, 1963, p. 8). The complex, polymetallic character of the sulfide mineralization is well developed here as it is in the Bessie-Maple prospect to the west. Gossanous samples from trenches contain up to several percent lead, almost 1% copper, 4% zinc, 0.9% tin, 8 opt silver, and greater than 1,000 ppm arsenic (Hudson, 1983).
Workings: Several surface dozer trenches and reconnaissance geochemical surveys have been completed on the bench east of Lost River.
Age: The age of the mineralization is assumed to be related to the development of tin systems in the Lost River area and therefore Late Cretaceous, the age of the tin-mineralizing granites there (Hudson and Arth, 1983).
Alteration: The veining and related replacement in this area can be thought of as distal alteration to more intense, tin metallization at depth. Mass balance calculations show significant SiO2, Al2O3, alkali, and fluorine enrichment with this type of alteration (Sainsbury, 1968, p. 1567).
Production: None
Reserves: Not defined

Commodities (Major) - Ag, Be, Cu, fluorite, Pb, Sn, Zn
Development Status: None
Deposit Model: Fluorite-, beryllium-, and sulfide-bearing veins and replacements in limestone

Mineral List

11 entries listed. 9 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Cobb, E.H., 1975, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Teller quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 75-587, 130 p. Cobb, E.H., and Sainsbury, C.L., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Teller quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-426, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000. Hudson, T.L., 1983, Interim report on the Lost River district, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: Anchorage, Alaska, Anaconda Minerals Company internal report (Report held by Cook Inlet Region, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska). Hudson, T.L., and Arth, J. G., 1983, Tin granites of Seward Peninsula, Alaska: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 94, p. 768-790. Sainsbury, C.L., 1963, Beryllium deposits of the western Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 479, 18 p. Sainsbury, C.L., 1964, Geology of the Lost River mine area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1129, 80 p. Sainsbury, C.L., 1969, Geology and ore deposits of the central York Mountains, western Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1287, 101 p. Sainsbury, C.L., 1972, Geologic map of the Teller quadrangle, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Map I-685, 4 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

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