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Rotläufchen Mine, Waldgirmes, Wetzlar, Hesse, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Rotläufchen, Waldgirmes, Wetzlar, Hessen, Deutschland
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° North , 8° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~3km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Ancient iron and manganese mine, abandoned in 1905.
Located 1.5 km north of Waldgirmes and about 6 km NE of Wetzlar.

Note on the mineral list: for "coeruleolactite" see references and information given for Planerite-Turquoise Series.

Regions containing this locality

Rhenish Massif, Europe

Massif - 1,168 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: The IMA revision of the beraunite group indicates that the ferric-iron dominant member of the group is eleonorite.
Reference: Dana 6: 797, 823; Dana 7:II:874, 960.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 998; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 935.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Dana 6: 797, 823; Dana 7:II:874, 960.
Eleonorite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N., Aksenov, S., Rastsvetaeva, R. Schäfer, Ch., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Scholz, R. 7, de Oliveira, L., Britvin, S. (2016): Eleonorite, Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4•6H2O: Validation as a mineral species and new data, Mineralogical Magazine, in press
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: ko Jansen.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Reference: Dietrich, R. (1978a): Neues zur Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen in Waldgirmes bei Wetzlar, Teil I. Aufschluss, 29, 107-124. (in German) Dietrich, R. (1978b): Neues zur Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen in Waldgirmes bei Wetzlar, Teil II. Aufschluss, 29, 139-153. (in German) Dietrich, R. (1982): Die Mineralien der Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen. Emser Hefte, 4 (3), 22-47. (in German); Dietrich, R. (1978b): Neues zur Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen in Waldgirmes bei Wetzlar, Teil II. Aufschluss, 29, 139-153. (in German); Dietrich, R. (1982): Die Mineralien der Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen. Emser Hefte, 4 (3), 22-47. (in German)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Matulaite
Formula: (Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'
Description: Originally reported to be coeruleolactite. All purported coeruleolactite examined by the authors of the 1998 report (Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E.) were largely Planerite, or Occasionally turquoise. Published analysis indicates that the vacancy in the 'A' site is between 0.51-0.54 atom fraction, the balance in Cu-0.40 and Zn-0.06 to 0.09. It is suggested by this analysis that the turquoise structure likely cannot accommodate Ca in the 'A' site.
Reference: Weiss, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland- West.; Foord, E.E. and Taggart, J.E. (1998) A reexamination of the turquoise group; the mineral aheylite, planerite (redefined), turquoise and coeruleolactite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 93-111.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Dana 6: 797, 823; Dana 7:II:874, 960.
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: https://e-rocks.com/item/csw177410/beraunite-strunzite
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 963; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beraunite' ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Delvauxite8.DM.35CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Matulaite8.DK.30(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Eleonorite (TL)-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Laubmannite (of Moore)-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Planerite-Turquoise Series-
Psilomelane-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Delvauxite42.6.6.1CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Matulaite42.13.3.1(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Eleonorite (TL)-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
CCarbon
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
OOxygen
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
MgMagnesium
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
P Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
P Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
CaCalcium
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Fe Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
CuCopper
Cu Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Streng, A. (1881) Ueber die Phosphate von Waldgirmes. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, Teil 1, 101-119.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 797, 823.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 874, 960, 998.
Dietrich, R. (1978) Neues zur Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen in Waldgirmes bei Wetzlar, Teil I. Der Aufschluss, 29, 107-124 (in German).
Dietrich, R. (1978) Neues zur Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen in Waldgirmes bei Wetzlar, Teil II. Der Aufschluss, 29, 139-153 (in German).
Dietrich, R. (1982) Die Mineralien der Phosphatparagenese der Grube Rotläufchen. Emser Hefte, 4 (3), 22-47 (in German).
Lapis (1983) (2), 36.
Chukanov, N., Aksenov, S., Rastsvetaeva, R. Schäfer, Ch., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Scholz, R. 7, de Oliveira, L., and Britvin, S. (2016) Eleonorite, Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4•6H2O: Validation as a mineral species and new data. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(1), 61-76.


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