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Flinders area, Victoria, Australiai
Regional Level Types
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VictoriaState
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The section of coastline between Cape Schanck and the township of Flinders on the Mornington Peninsula has been the most productive zeolite collecting areas in Victoria. The initial description of minerals in the Flinders area was made back in 1854 by A.R.C. Selwyn, the first Government Mineral Surveyor of Victoria. His report refers to carbonate mineralisation along the Bass Straight coast precisely where the township of Flinders is situated today. The zeolites analcite, chabazite, gmelinite and natrolite were first mentioned in reports in 1896.
"The Flinders 'plateau' basalts form part of the widespread Older Volcanics and cover the south-eastern portion of the Mornington Peninsula. Along the stretch of coast extending from West Head to Cape Schanck the basalts are exposed on steep cliffs up to 90 metres high and on wide shore platforms. The sequence is made up of numerous distinct lava flows, which are tilted eastward at a small angle east of Cape Schanck. Bores sunk by the Victorian Mines Department at Cape Schanck and Flinders in 1911, indicate an overall thickness of at least 650 metres for the basalts. The lava flows have been emplaced in rapid succession as they are often separated by thin partings of ash, tuff scoria or soils. The basalts at Flinders are regarded as Eocene to Miocene in age. Flows near the top of the sequence close to Flinders itself, have been dated at 42 million years old. They are mostly alkali olivine basalts."
The main mineralised locations in the Flinders area are as follows-
WEST HEAD (at Flinders township)
LITTLE BIRD ROCK
CAIRNS BAY (previously recorded as Simmons Bay)
BUSHRANGERS BAY (includes Elephant Rock)
CAPE SCHANCK
Highly vesicular Eocene olivine basalt flows of the Older Basalt are found along the coastline of the Mornington Peninsula between Flinders and Cape Schanck, particularly at Cairns Bay (= Simmons Bay) and Little Bird Rock (Birch, 1976; Coulsell, 1980; Birch, 1988b; Hall, 1989).

Colorless to white or pink trapezohedra of analcime, to 8 mm in diameter, are very abundant with some crystals up to 2 cm across. Analcime is the first zeolite to crystallize in the cavities (preceded only by montmorillonite) and is commonly overgrown by gmelinite/chabazite intergrowths and natrolite, with rarer thomsonite, copper, aragonite, calcite, or dolomite (Birch, 1988b). Rarely, tiny analcime crystals are found on natrolite and calcite (Hall, 1989).

Analcime, cowlesite, levyne-offretite, chabazite, and montmorillonite are found in vesicular basalt at Cairns Bay, near Flinders (Birch, 1988a). In the Cairns Bay and Little Bird Rock areas, it is believed that zeolites forming near the surface of an older basalt flow were covered and reheated by a younger flow (Rew, 1969). The reheating partly dissolved existing zeolites and redeposited new minerals as the solutions cooled.

With the exception of West Head named above, these localities are not in a specific Shire but are unincorporated and come under state control.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Museum of Victoria specimen M39943
'Chabazite'
Reference: Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Erionite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Dogan,Umran and Dogan,Meral (2008) Re-evaluation and re-classification of erionite series minerals,Environ Geochem Health 30:355-366
'Gmelinite'
'Gmelinite var: Ledererite'
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'
Reference: Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Lévyne-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Offretite ?
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Min Rec 17:6 p377-379
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Erionite-Na9.GD.20(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lévyne-Ca9.GD.15(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite ?9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Gmelinite'-
'var: Ledererite'-
'Lévyne'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Thomsonite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite ?77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Erionite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Gmelinite'-
'var: Ledererite'-
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Lévyne-Ca-(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
'Phillipsite'-
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
SiSilicon
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
SSulfur
S CelestineSrSO4
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Ca Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Birch, W.D. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.2. (110 pages).
Tschernich, R.(1992) Zeolites of the World, p.49.
King, V. and Chenelatto, M. (2011) History of Ledererite. A Crystallographic Variety of Gmelinite, Mineral News, vol. 27, pp 1-2, 5-7.

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