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Ertsberg East Complex (GBT), Ertsberg Complex, Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District), Carstensz Mts, New Guinea, Papua Province, Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya), Indonesiai
Regional Level Types
Ertsberg East Complex (GBT)Complex
Ertsberg ComplexComplex
Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)District
Carstensz MtsMountain Range
New Guinea- not defined -
Papua ProvinceProvince
Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)- not defined -
IndonesiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
4° 4' 34'' South , 137° 8' 7'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Gunung Bijih Timur; GBT


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
North Australian Element, AustraliaCraton
New GuineaIsland
Maoke PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


32 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Richard W. Henley; Frank J. Brink; Penelope L. King; Clyde Leys; Jibamitra Ganguly; Terrance Mernagh; Jill Middleton; Christian J. Renggli; Melanie Sieber; Ulrike Troitzsch; Michael Turner (2017): High temperature gas–solid reactions in calc–silicate Cu–Au skarn formation; Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172, 106.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; LEDVINA, M. D. and KYLE, J. R. (2014), Investigating the Pathways and P-T-X Conditions of Hydrothermal Fluid Flow responsible for Cu-Au Mineralization in the Ertsberg East Skarn System, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 578–579; Richard W. Henley; Frank J. Brink; Penelope L. King; Clyde Leys; Jibamitra Ganguly; Terrance Mernagh; Jill Middleton; Christian J. Renggli; Melanie Sieber; Ulrike Troitzsch; Michael Turner (2017): High temperature gas–solid reactions in calc–silicate Cu–Au skarn formation; Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172, 106.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Richard W. Henley; Frank J. Brink; Penelope L. King; Clyde Leys; Jibamitra Ganguly; Terrance Mernagh; Jill Middleton; Christian J. Renggli; Melanie Sieber; Ulrike Troitzsch; Michael Turner (2017): High temperature gas–solid reactions in calc–silicate Cu–Au skarn formation; Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172, 106.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Kyle, J. R., Gandler, L., Mertig, H., Rubin, J. and Ledvina, M. (2014), Stratigraphic Inheritance Controls of Skarn-hosted Metal Concentrations: Ore controls for Ertsberg-Grasberg District Cu-Au skarns, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Kyle, J. R., Gandler, L., Mertig, H., Rubin, J. and Ledvina, M. (2014), Stratigraphic Inheritance Controls of Skarn-hosted Metal Concentrations: Ore controls for Ertsberg-Grasberg District Cu-Au skarns, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Kyle, J. R., Gandler, L., Mertig, H., Rubin, J. and Ledvina, M. (2014), Stratigraphic Inheritance Controls of Skarn-hosted Metal Concentrations: Ore controls for Ertsberg-Grasberg District Cu-Au skarns, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica
Dozyite (TL)
Formula: Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Type Locality:
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; MinRec 27:301]
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: LEDVINA, M. D. and KYLE, J. R. (2014), Investigating the Pathways and P-T-X Conditions of Hydrothermal Fluid Flow responsible for Cu-Au Mineralization in the Ertsberg East Skarn System, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 578–579
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Kyle, J. R., Gandler, L., Mertig, H., Rubin, J. and Ledvina, M. (2014), Stratigraphic Inheritance Controls of Skarn-hosted Metal Concentrations: Ore controls for Ertsberg-Grasberg District Cu-Au skarns, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; LEDVINA, M. D. and KYLE, J. R. (2014), Investigating the Pathways and P-T-X Conditions of Hydrothermal Fluid Flow responsible for Cu-Au Mineralization in the Ertsberg East Skarn System, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 578–579
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Kyle, J. R., Gandler, L., Mertig, H., Rubin, J. and Ledvina, M. (2014), Stratigraphic Inheritance Controls of Skarn-hosted Metal Concentrations: Ore controls for Ertsberg-Grasberg District Cu-Au skarns, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Kyle, J. R., Gandler, L., Mertig, H., Rubin, J. and Ledvina, M. (2014), Stratigraphic Inheritance Controls of Skarn-hosted Metal Concentrations: Ore controls for Ertsberg-Grasberg District Cu-Au skarns, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica; LEDVINA, M. D. and KYLE, J. R. (2014), Investigating the Pathways and P-T-X Conditions of Hydrothermal Fluid Flow responsible for Cu-Au Mineralization in the Ertsberg East Skarn System, Papua, Indonesia. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 578–579
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:509-534

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dozyite (TL)9.EC.60Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dozyite (TL)71.4.2.1Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
AlAluminium
Al DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Richard W. Henley; Frank J. Brink; Penelope L. King; Clyde Leys; Jibamitra Ganguly; Terrance Mernagh; Jill Middleton; Christian J. Renggli; Melanie Sieber; Ulrike Troitzsch; Michael Turner (2017) High temperature gas–solid reactions in calc–silicate Cu–Au skarn formation; Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172, 106.
Mealey, G.A. (1996) Grasberg, Mining the Richest and Most Remote Deposit of Copper and Gold in the World. Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, 384 pages.


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