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Mutoshi Mine (Ruwe Mine), Mutoshi (Ruwe), Kolwezi District, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 10° 40' 42'' South , 25° 32' 7'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -10.67833,25.53528
GeoHash:G#: kw45m044p
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Reduced facies type copper deposit, consisting of two ore beds with a layer of siliceous dolomite between. The mine was started in 1903 and was initially worked for gold.

Regions containing this locality

Central Africa

Region - 530 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1989): Agardite-(Y) of Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Ann. Soc. Geol. Belg. 112, 207-213. (in French); Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Greg Murray collection; Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.; Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992); Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992); Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Reference: Luc Vandenberghe ( XRD Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences)
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Oosterboschite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)7Se5
Palladinite
Formula: PdO
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Carrollite'2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Oosterboschite2.BC.10(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Palladinite4.AB.30PdO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Agardite-(Y)'8.DL.15YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chlorite Group-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Oosterboschite2.16.15.2(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Agardite-(Y)42.5.1.2YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Palladinite-PdO

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PalladinitePdO
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S PyriteFeS2
S Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
CaCalcium
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
CuCopper
Cu Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Cu PalladinitePdO
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
SeSelenium
Se Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
YYttrium
Y Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
PdPalladium
Pd Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Pd PalladinitePdO
Pd Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
SnTin
Sn TinSn
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
UUranium
U MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran
541 - 635 Ma



ID: 3311623

Age: Ediacaran (541 - 635 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
- Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992).
- Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): Sediment-Hosted Copper Deposits of the World: Deposit Models and Database. USGS Open-File Report 03-107.


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