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Madrelena Mine, Tres Pozos, Baja California, Mexicoi
Regional Level Types
Madrelena MineMine
Tres Pozos- not defined -
Baja CaliforniaState
MexicoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 20' North , 116° 30' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ejido Héroes del Desierto446 (2018)5.2km
Carmen Serdán140 (2018)12.8km
Rancho Ramos130 (2013)14.2km
Villas Campestre168 (2014)20.1km
Hacienda Tecate1,871 (2014)25.9km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina la Madrelena, Tres Pozos, Baja California Norte, Mexico


Metasedimentary roof pendant or septum bounded by granitic rocks. The mine is located about 10 Mi S of El Condor and 35 Mi SE of Tecate.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Alforsite
Formula: Ba5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Bazirite
Formula: BaZr(Si3O9)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Cerchiaraite-(Fe)
Formula: Ba4Fe3+4O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
Colour: orange (also patchy blue) to colorless pleochroism in thin section
Description: sparse orange (also patchy blue) to colorless pleochroism enlongate crystals in thin section (plane-polarized light), associated with sanbornite (along with titantaramellite, gillespite, and others). Chemical analysis (wt%, by EPMA): SiO2 28.07 TiO2 0.05 (corrected for interference of Ba on Ti) SnO2 0.01 Al2O3 5.71 V2O3 0.04 (corrected for interferences of Ba and Ti on V) Fe2O3 11.02 (all Fe calculated as Fe3+) Mn2O3 0.45 (all Mn calculated as Mn3+) MgO 0.91 CaO 0.03 SrO 0.11 BaO 43.49 Na2O 0.08 K2O 0.01 F 0.22 Cl 2.21 H2O 6.01 (calculated by stoichiometry, based on 10 OH+F+Cl, based on formula of Kampf et al., 2013) TOTAL 98.19 (includes ∑(minor elements) and -O=(F+Cl)) sought but below detection limit: P, S, Sc, Cr, Zr, Ga, Co, Ni, Zn normalized to 22 oxygen equivalent, assuming ∑Fe=Fe3+ and ∑Mn=Mn3+: (Ba3.85Na0.04Sr0.01Ca0.01)∑3.91(Fe[III]1.86Al1.51Mg0.30Mn[III]0.08Ti0.01V0.01)∑3.77(Si6.30)O5(OH)8[(OH)1.00Cl0.84F0.16]∑10.00
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (petrography + EPMA characterized; thin section FKM-53); Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Gillespite
Formula: BaFe2+Si4O10
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Pabstite
Formula: Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Reference: Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Pellyite
Formula: Ba2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist22:653-658; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist22:653-658; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Sanbornite
Formula: Ba2(Si4O10)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist22:653-658; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Taramellite
Formula: Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Titantaramellite (TL)
Formula: Ba4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Type Locality:
Description: Representative chemical analysis of titantaramellite from this locality. (unpublished EPMA data; analyst: F. Mazdab; sample: thin section FKM-53): wt% SiO2 33.42 TiO2 9.21 (corrected for interference of Ba on Ti) ZrO2 0.02 SnO2 0.14 B2O3 4.09 (calculated by stoichiometry) Al2O3 0.31 V2O3 0.40 (corrected for interferences of Ba and Ti on V) Cr2O3 0.19 Sc2O3 0.01 Fe2O3 5.54 (calculated from total Fe based from charge balance) FeO 0.82 MnO 0.23 MgO 2.05 SrO 0.10 BaO 41.04 (corrected for interference of Ti on Ba) Na2O 0.05 F 0.29 Cl 1.75 TOTAL 99.49 (includes ∑(minor elements) and -O=(F+Cl)) sought but below detection limit: S, P, Ga, Co, Ni, Zn, Ca, K normalized to ∑cations = 18: (Ba4.00Na0.03Sr0.01)∑4.04(Ti1.73Fe[III]1.03Mg0.75Fe[II]0.17Al0.09V0.08Mn[II]0.05Cr0.04Sn0.01)∑3.96(B1.74Si8.26)∑10.00O29(Cl0.73F0.23)∑0.96
Reference: Alfors, J.T. & Pabst, A. (1984): Titanian taramellites in western North America, American Mineralogist, 69, 358-373.; www.minsocam.org/msa/Handbook/Titantaramellite.PDF; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alforsite8.BN.05Ba5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Bazirite9.CA.05BaZr(Si3O9)
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerchiaraite-(Fe)9.CF.25Ba4Fe3+4O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Gillespite9.EA.05BaFe2+Si4O10
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pabstite9.CA.05Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Pellyite9.DO.10Ba2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Sanbornite9.EF.10Ba2(Si4O10)
Taramellite9.CE.20Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Titantaramellite (TL)9.CE.20Ba4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Alforsite41.8.5.2Ba5(PO4)3Cl
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Bazirite59.1.1.1BaZr(Si3O9)
Pabstite59.1.1.3Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 4-membered rings with [Si2O7] dimers
Taramellite64.3.1.1Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Titantaramellite (TL)64.3.1.2Ba4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Gillespite71.2.3.2BaFe2+Si4O10
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sanbornite74.3.4.1Ba2(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Pellyite78.6.3.1Ba2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Cerchiaraite-(Fe)-Ba4Fe3+4O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cerchiaraite-(Fe)Ba4Fe43+O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
B TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
CCarbon
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
O AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3Cl
O GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10
O SanborniteBa2(Si4O10)
O TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O PabstiteBa(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
O PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
O WitheriteBaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Cerchiaraite-(Fe)Ba4Fe43+O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Mg TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Mg PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
AlAluminium
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Si GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10
Si SanborniteBa2(Si4O10)
Si TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si PabstiteBa(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Si PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Cerchiaraite-(Fe)Ba4Fe43+O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Cl AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Cl Cerchiaraite-(Fe)Ba4Fe43+O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
TiTitanium
Ti TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Ti TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Ti PabstiteBa(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Fe GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10
Fe TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Fe PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Cerchiaraite-(Fe)Ba4Fe43+O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
ZrZirconium
Zr BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)
SnTin
Sn PabstiteBa(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
BaBarium
Ba TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Ba AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3Cl
Ba GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10
Ba SanborniteBa2(Si4O10)
Ba TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba PabstiteBa(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Ba PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)
Ba Cerchiaraite-(Fe)Ba4Fe43+O3(OH)3(Si4O12)[Si2O3(OH)4]Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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