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Fenice Capanne Mine, Massa Marittima, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 0' 42'' North , 10° 54' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.01194,10.91500
GeoHash:G#: spxu8qh49
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera Fenice Capanne, Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscana, Italia

Fenice Capanne or older name Fenice Massetana was a mixed sulphides mine: copper, lead, zinc.

The mineral occurrence was known before and during the Middle Ages (also from 6–7th centuries B.C.), but its industrial exploitation and production only started at the end of 1800. Its best production years were reached between 1920 and 1930. It consisted of a big copper sulphides-quartz lode with N-S orientation, with strike around 45° towards E. The lode is embedded in argillites and calcareous Eocene rocks which are metamorphized by thermal action due to the plutonic complex of the area. The lode was really very rich in ores near its surface but it became poorer in copper content with increasing depth. The Fenice Capanne mining complex activity ended in 1985.
See also the genetically similar Accesa mine.

Mineral List

26 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 3146373
Cretaceous limestone

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{sandstone,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 3186392
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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D'Achiardi, A., (1872/73). Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.
Toso, P., (1892) Miniere di rame: Fenice Massetana e Capanne Vecchie. Relazione sul servizio minerario, 3, pp.106-108 - Corpo Reale delle miniere, Roma.
Lotti, B. (1893): Descrizione geologico-mineraria dei dintorni di Massa Marittima in Toscana. Memorie descrittive della carta geologica d'Italia, 8, pp.1-171 - Regio Ufficio geologico d'Italia, Roma.
Attolico, D. (1921) Le Miniere della Fenice Massetana e delle Capanne Vecchie. -In "Miscellanea di descrizioni e notizie riguardanti i luoghi visitati durante la XXXIV riunione della Società geologica Italiana", pp.57-67. SOCIETA' GEOLOGICA ITALIANA, Pisa.
Squarzina, F. (1963) Cenni sulle principali miniere di rame e di piriti in italia. L'industria mineraria, serie II, anno XIV, 10, pp.575-582.
Associazione Mineraria Italiana, Roma.
Dill, H. (1979) Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80. [http://www.neogeo.unisi.it/dbgmnew/Archivio/T-271/TESTO_271.01.PDF; also discusses Fenice Capanne]
Lombardi, E. (1985) Le miniere delle Colline Metallifere. in: “Massa Marittima e il suo territorio nella storia e nell'arte”, chapter V, pp.172-180 – Cantagalli Ed., Siena.
Nannoni, R., Capperi, M. (1983) La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Mario, C. and Roberto, N. (1997) "La mine de Fenice Capanne (Grosseto)." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1(Janvier/Février), 63-82.
Mascaro, I., Benvenuti, M., Corsini, F., Costagliola, P., Lattanzi, P., Parrini, P., & Tanelli, G. (2001) Mine wastes at the polymetallic deposit of Fenice Capanne (southern Tuscany, Italy). Mineralogy, geochemistry, and environmental impact. Environmental Geology, 41(3-4), 417-429.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Carlini, R., Mangoni, G. (2015) Jamesonite: nuove segnalazioni dalle Colline Metallifere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 262-265.

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