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Fenice Capanne Mine, Massa Marittima, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 0' 42'' North , 10° 54' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.01194,10.91500
GeoHash:G#: spxu8qh49
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera Fenice Capanne, Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscana, Italia


Fenice Capanne or older name Fenice Massetana was a mixed sulphides mine: copper, lead, zinc.

The mineral occurrence was known before and during the Middle Ages (also from 6–7th centuries B.C.), but its industrial exploitation and production only started at the end of 1800. Its best production years were reached between 1920 and 1930. It consisted of a big copper sulphides-quartz lode with N-S orientation, with strike around 45° towards E. The lode is embedded in argillites and calcareous Eocene rocks which are metamorphized by thermal action due to the plutonic complex of the area. The lode was really very rich in ores near its surface but it became poorer in copper content with increasing depth. The Fenice Capanne mining complex activity ended in 1985.
See also the genetically similar Accesa mine.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Giuliano Bettini Collection
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Description: Found in association with pyrite from cavities in calcite veins. It was originally classified as boulangerite.
Reference: Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Bardi T., Bazzoni C., Bernocchi M., Carlini R., Mangoni G. (2015): Jamesonite: nuove segnalazioni dalle Colline Metallifere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 262-265.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cosalite'2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Felsőbányaite'7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
'Fibroferrite'7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Descloizite'8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SbAntimony
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3146373
Cretaceous limestone

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{sandstone,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186392
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
D'Achiardi, A., (1872/73). Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.
Toso, P., (1892) Miniere di rame: Fenice Massetana e Capanne Vecchie. Relazione sul servizio minerario, 3, pp.106-108 - Corpo Reale delle miniere, Roma.
Lotti, B. (1893): Descrizione geologico-mineraria dei dintorni di Massa Marittima in Toscana. Memorie descrittive della carta geologica d'Italia, 8, pp.1-171 - Regio Ufficio geologico d'Italia, Roma.
Attolico, D. (1921) Le Miniere della Fenice Massetana e delle Capanne Vecchie. -In "Miscellanea di descrizioni e notizie riguardanti i luoghi visitati durante la XXXIV riunione della Società geologica Italiana", pp.57-67. SOCIETA' GEOLOGICA ITALIANA, Pisa.
Squarzina, F. (1963) Cenni sulle principali miniere di rame e di piriti in italia. L'industria mineraria, serie II, anno XIV, 10, pp.575-582.
Associazione Mineraria Italiana, Roma.
Dill, H. (1979) Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80. [http://www.neogeo.unisi.it/dbgmnew/Archivio/T-271/TESTO_271.01.PDF; also discusses Fenice Capanne]
Lombardi, E. (1985) Le miniere delle Colline Metallifere. in: “Massa Marittima e il suo territorio nella storia e nell'arte”, chapter V, pp.172-180 – Cantagalli Ed., Siena.
Nannoni, R., Capperi, M. (1983) La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Mario, C. and Roberto, N. (1997) "La mine de Fenice Capanne (Grosseto)." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1(Janvier/Février), 63-82.
Mascaro, I., Benvenuti, M., Corsini, F., Costagliola, P., Lattanzi, P., Parrini, P., & Tanelli, G. (2001) Mine wastes at the polymetallic deposit of Fenice Capanne (southern Tuscany, Italy). Mineralogy, geochemistry, and environmental impact. Environmental Geology, 41(3-4), 417-429.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Carlini, R., Mangoni, G. (2015) Jamesonite: nuove segnalazioni dalle Colline Metallifere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 262-265.


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