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Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field, Banat Mts, Caraş-Severin, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore fieldOre Field
Banat MtsMountain Range
Caraş-SeverinCounty
RomaniaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° North , 21° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~7km
Locality type:Ore Field
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Porphyry Mo and Cu-Mo, and skarn-type Cu-(W,Mo,Co,Au) orebodies, related to Upper Cretaceous-Palaeozoic plutons and apophyses of monzodiorite-diorite and granodiorite composition.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

57 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Alloclasite (TL)
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschermak(1866); Canadian Mineralogist:11:150(1971) & 14:561(1976).; Kingston P W (1971) On alloclasite, a Co-Fe sulpharsenide, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 838-846
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Cioflica, G. & Vlad, Ş.N. (1980) European Copper Deposits, Belgrade, 67–71.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Reference: Cioflica, G. & Vlad, Ş.N. (1980) European Copper Deposits, Belgrade, 67–71.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
'Csiklovaite'
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cupropavonite ?
Formula: Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Ştefan Marincea, Delia-Georgeta Dumitraş, Cristina Ghineţ, André-Mathieu Fransolet, Frédéric Hatert, and Mélanie Rondeaux (2011) GEHLENITE FROM THREE OCCURRENCES OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE SKARNS, ROMANIA: NEW MINERALOGICAL DATA. Canadian Mineralogist, 49:1001-1014.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gold
Formula: Au
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cioflica, G. & Vlad, Ş.N. (1980) European Copper Deposits, Belgrade, 67–71.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Hörnesite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Verhandl.kaiserl.-königl.Reichsanst.Wien,(1859) 11, 41; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Junoite
Formula: Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Kobellite ?
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Kupčíkite
Formula: Cu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Makovickyite
Formula: Cu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
'Ochran'
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
'Oravitzite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cioflica, G. & Vlad, Ş.N. (1980) European Copper Deposits, Belgrade, 67–71.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Szakáll, S. (Ed.) (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Granit, Prague.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
'Scapolite'
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Cioflica, G. & Vlad, Ş.N. (1980) European Copper Deposits, Belgrade, 67–71.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Constantinescu, E. (1980) Mineralogy and genesis of the skarn deposit at Sasca Montană. Ed. Acad. Rep. Soc. România, Bucharest, 158 p. (in Romanian).; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Wittite ?
Formula: Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alloclasite (TL)2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cupropavonite ?2.JA.05aCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Ingodite2.DC.05Bi2TeS
Junoite2.JB.25aCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Kobellite ?2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Kupčíkite2.JA.10bCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Makovickyite2.JA.05dCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wittite ?2.JB.20Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hörnesite (TL)8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Csiklovaite'-
'Ochran'-
'Oravitzite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Ingodite2.8.20.4Bi2TeS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite (TL)2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Nuffieldite3.3.4.1Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Kobellite ?3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Wittite ?3.6.5.2Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Junoite3.7.14.1Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
1 < ø < 2
Cupropavonite ?3.8.10.6Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Makovickyite3.8.10.2Cu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite (TL)40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Augite
var: Ferroaugite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Csiklovaite'-
Kupčíkite-Cu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Ochran'-
'Oravitzite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
S MilleriteNiS
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
S JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S IngoditeBi2TeS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
S WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
CoCobalt
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Cu KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Cu KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Cu JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
SeSelenium
Se JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Se WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Ag CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te IngoditeBi2TeS
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Pb KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Pb NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Pb WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
Bi KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Bi JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi IngoditeBi2TeS
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Bi WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 83.01 Ma to 73.87 ± 0.4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)73.87 ± 0.4 MaOraviţa (Oravicza; Orawitza), Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field, Banat Mts, Caraş-Severin, Romania
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)83.01 MaCiclova (Csiklova), Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field, Banat Mts, Caraş-Severin, Romania

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Vlad, S.N. (1997) Calcic skarns and transversal zoning in the Banat mountains, Romania: indicators of an Andean-type setting. Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.

Localities in this Region
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