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Ballygown South Mine, Silvermines District, Co. Tipperary, Munster, Irelandi
Regional Level Types
Ballygown South MineMine
Silvermines DistrictDistrict
Co. TipperaryCounty
MunsterProvince
IrelandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
52° 47' 20'' North , 8° 14' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Silvermines288 (2017)0.6km
Nenagh5,500 (2015)8.5km
Nenagh Bridge6,672 (2010)10.6km
Newtown296 (2013)10.7km
Reardnogy176 (2017)11.5km


Victorian era ''calamine'' workings. The walls of the furnace building remain with adjacent limonite-rich spoil heaps. There is also a nearby engine house and a moderately sized albeit partially flooded opencast pit.

Irish grid ref: R840710

Situation June 2005:
Spoil heaps still remain intact however the mineralized spoil is becoming increasingly difficult to find. The vast majority of spoil has oxidised beyond specimen grade material and is seldom worth picking up.
Having said that diligent digging will sometimes produce hemimorphite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Tabular/Platey
Colour: Translucent, White
Description: Found in associated with goethite. Small translucent tabular crystals which appear very similar to hemimorphite.
Reference: Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Jackstraw
Colour: White
Description: Found as well formed ''jackstraw'' crystals. Also, secondary prismatic crystals can be found in dolomite vugs, from the limestone boulders strewn around the site. The crystals appear to have formed from the oxidation of sphalerite.
Reference: Anders Errson Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Coronadite ?
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Habit: Rhombs
Colour: White,iron stained, grey
Description: Commonly found lining vugs in limestone boulders. Generally quite oxidised.
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Habit: Fibrous sprays
Colour: White
Description: Rare white fibrous sprays found in/on gossan.
Reference: Anders Errson Collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Habit: Botryoidal, Mammilated, Stalactitic
Colour: Black
Description: Goethite albeit oxidised is the source of all the limonite and fresh mammilations are visible on breaking limonite rocks. The hemimorphite appears to form on the goethite indicating it was first in the paragenesis. It usually forms mammilations when associated with hemimorphite or else stalatitic botryoids when it is by itself.
Reference: Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: White, transparent
Description: Well formed albeit small crystals can occasionally be found associated with goethite.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Hetaerolite ?
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Hetaerolite var: ?
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Habit: Massive/Coatings
Colour: Rust coloured / orange
Description: In abundance in the spoil heap and is host to all the minerals. It appears that the limonite was cause by the oxidisation of goethite.
Reference: Barry Flannery Collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Muscovite var:
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Pyritohedrons
Colour: Golden Metallic
Description: Found in dolomite vugs, which are in turn found in limestone boulders. Well formed pyritohedrons seem to have been largely unaffected by weathering and oxidisation.
Reference: Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: Tetrahedral / Complex crystals
Colour: Various shades of honey
Description: Found in dolomite vugs which are in turn found in limestone boulders strewn about the site. Unoxidised crystals are rare but some have been found and they appeared to be well formed honey blende crystals.
Reference: Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite ?4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite ?4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite ?4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite ?7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite ?7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite ?7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
CCarbon
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Barry Flannery (personal observations June 2005)

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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