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Gold Mines River, Croghan Kinshela Mountain, Co. Wicklow, Ireland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 52° 49' 27'' North , 6° 15' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 52.82417,-6.25583
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate

In 1796, gold was accidentally discovered in the Ballinvalley (since called the Gold Mines River), a tributary of the River Aughrim. The find soon became public and the neighbourhood crowded with gold seekers. Eventually, the government interfered and commissioned Mrs. Weaver, Mills and King to conduct systematic operations, which were carried on until 1798 when the works were destroyed during the rebellion. In 1801, the stream works were re-opened but soon became unproductive and were abandoned in 1802.

Occasional small specks of gold can still be panned to this day - if you can get down to the stream. It is densely overgrown, fly-infested, and in the middle of a forest. Back in its heyday, the river produced a very large quantity of alluvial gold and a huge 22oz nugget of gold!

Grid reference for section of river half way to source: ITM 717544 676213

Mineral List

17 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 3192030
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

443.8 - 485.4 Ma

ID: 3157966
S Mayo trough; S Connemara Group; SW Curlew Mountains; Tyrone; Longford-Down massif; Ribband Group; Tagoat Group; Duncannon Grp.

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Connemara Group; Ribband Group; Tagoat Group; Duncannon Group

Description: turbidite

Lithology: Major:{shale/slate}, Minor{sandstone,rhyolite group,basalt group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Henwood, W.J. (1871) Observations on Metalliferous Deposits: On the Detrital Gold of Wicklow. Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634.
Doughty, P.S., Clark, A.M. and Jones, G. C. (1982) Irish Naturalists J. 20, 490-491.
Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Stephen Moreton (personal communication).

Mineral and/or Locality  
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