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Gold Mines River, Croghan Kinshela Mountain, Co. Wicklow, Leinster, Irelandi
Regional Level Types
Gold Mines RiverRiver
Croghan Kinshela MountainMountain
Co. WicklowCounty
LeinsterProvince
IrelandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
52° 49' 27'' North , 6° 15' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


In 1796, gold was accidentally discovered in the Ballinvalley (since called the Gold Mines River), a tributary of the River Aughrim. The find soon became public and the neighbourhood crowded with gold seekers. Eventually, the government interfered and commissioned Mrs. Weaver, Mills and King to conduct systematic operations, which were carried on until 1798 when the works were destroyed during the rebellion. In 1801, the stream works were re-opened but soon became unproductive and were abandoned in 1802.

Occasional small specks of gold can still be panned to this day - if you can get down to the stream. It is densely overgrown, fly-infested, and in the middle of a forest. Back in its heyday, the river produced a very large quantity of alluvial gold and a huge 22oz nugget of gold!

Grid reference for section of river half way to source: ITM 717544 676213

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Cassiterite var: Wood Tin
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871) Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634.; Doughty, P.S., Clark, A.M. and Jones, G. C. (1982) Irish Naturalists J. 20, 490-491.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Mica Group'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Description: Electron microprobe analysis of a grain of alluvial platinum from auriferous sand, Croghan Kinshela Mtn., Co. Wicklow, showed 10.86% Ir.
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871) Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634.; Doughty, P.S., Clark, A.M. and Jones, G. C. (1982) Irish Naturalists J. 20, 490-491.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
var: Wood Tin4.DB.05SnO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Cassiterite
var: Wood Tin
-SnO2
'Chlorite Group'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
Quartz
var: Prase
-SiO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
OOxygen
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O HematiteFe2O3
O CorundumAl2O3
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
SiSilicon
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Henwood, W.J. (1871) Observations on Metalliferous Deposits: On the Detrital Gold of Wicklow. Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634.
Doughty, P.S., Clark, A.M. and Jones, G. C. (1982) Irish Naturalists J. 20, 490-491.
Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Stephen Moreton (personal communication).

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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