SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Billingham anhydrite mine, Billingham, Co. Durham, England, UK

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 35' 49'' North , 1° 15' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.59711,-1.26162
UK National Grid Reference:NZ477227
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Billingham anhydrite mine is located on the north bank of the River Tees, near Stockton. Shaft sinking began in September 1926 and bottomed 14 months later at a depth of 850 ft. By 1953 the mine incorporated 200 miles of underground roadways and one square mile of workings. Production ceased in 1971 and the mine closed in 1978 when the shaft was capped.

Owned and operated by Imperial Chemical Industries, Billingham anhydrite mine formed part of the giant ICI Billingham works that covered a site of about 1,000 acres and was, in the 1960s, the second largest chemical factory in the world. A visit by Aldous Huxley to the Billingham site is said to have inspired his novel "Brave New World"

Anhydrite occurred in three seams the Upper, Main, and Lower anhydrite seams, the Main (worked) seam consisting of 15-20 ft. of massive anhydrite averaging 90 per cent. purity. It formed an essential raw material for the chemical works in its manufacture of sulphuric acid and ammonium sulphate fertiliser.

In 1983, NIREX, the Nuclear Industry Radioactive Waste Executive, announced a proposal to use disused mine as a site for the disposal of intermediate level nuclear waste. There was huge public resistance since, despite the site's geological suitability, much of the mine's 11 million cubic metres of potential storage space lies under the town of Billingham. Although plans for nuclear storage were dropped in 1985, a proposal in 2007 by a private waste management company to re-open the mines for "use as a long-term disposal facility for low hazard waste" met with similar opposition.


Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 3191056
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic
201.3 - 252.17 Ma



ID: 2032435
Triassic Rocks (Undifferentiated)

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 252.17 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone and conglomerate, interbedded

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Triassic
247.2 - 252.17 Ma



ID: 3137334
Early Triassic sandstone

Age: Early Triassic (247.2 - 252.17 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mine & Quarry Engineering (Dec 53 - Feb 54) The Billingham Mine — Part 1, 2 & 3
Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 172-175.

 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 22, 2020 08:21:00 Page generated: March 20, 2018 16:22:24
Go to top of page