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Kitum Cave, Mount Elgon, Trans-Nzoia County, Kenyai
Regional Level Types
Kitum CaveCave
Mount ElgonMountain
Trans-Nzoia County- not defined -
KenyaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 1° 2' 56'' North , 34° 34' 48'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 1.04910,34.58020
GeoHash:G#: sb0tfyux3
Locality type:Cave
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kapchorwa11,300 (2016)41.7km
Sironko14,000 (2016)42.1km
Malikisi4,319 (2018)45.0km
Mbale76,493 (2016)45.2km
Kitale75,123 (2013)47.5km


Minerals found in wood fragments from a pre-Pleistocene ancient forest that clothed the Mt Elgon volcano. The area is protected by two National Parks (one on each side of the Uganda-Kenyan border).

Cave has been "excavated" by elephants in search of sodium salts. It is formed in a pyroclastic volcanic rocks.

Regions containing this locality

Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Western Province, KenyaProvince

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Apatite'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Biotite'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Paolo Forti - Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 3-13.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Paolo Forti - Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 3-13.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Mohrite
Formula: (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Paolo Forti - Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 3-13.; Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Nitromagnesite
Formula: Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Paolo Forti - Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 3-13.
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Stercorite
Formula: Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Nitromagnesite5.NC.05Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mohrite7.CC.60(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Stercorite8.CJ.05Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitromagnesite18.2.3.1Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mohrite29.3.7.1(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Stercorite39.3.1.1Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Gmelinite'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Phillipsite'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
H NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
NNitrogen
N StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
N NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
OOxygen
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
O NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
SiSilicon
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K SylviteKCl
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
CaCalcium
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
BaBarium
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3308904

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3186107
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate volcanic rocks; phonolite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.

External Links



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