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Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa), Balme, Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa)Mountain
BalmeCommune
Metropolitan City of TurinMetropolitan City
PiedmontRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° North , 7° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~7km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Alpe della Mussa (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa), Balme, Val d'Ala, Valli di Lanzo, Torino, Piemonte, Italia


Numerous mineral-bearing outcrops on the mountains surrounding the glacial plain of Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa).

In many mineral collections all over the world under the name of Mussa Alp or Pian della Mussa are recorded specimens of garnet, diopside, and vesuvianite from the classic rodingite dykes of Testa Ciarva and Roch Neir (located to the north and south of the plain, respectively). Sometimes, in ancient literature and mineral collections this locality is also written as La Mussa or Lamussa, as for instance in Borson (1830).

Benedetto Costanzo Bonvicino, who Frenchified his surname in Bonvoisin during the Napoleonic period (when Piedmont was annexed to France), described under the name of “mussite” a mineral from Roch Neir in the form of fasciculated crystal aggregates, greyish to whitish to green in colour, and as “alalite” a mineral from Testa Ciarva in the form of transparent, colourless to whitish to greenish prismatic crystals (Bonvoisin, 1806). In 1806 René-Just Haüy demonstrated that the minerals described by Bonvoisin are varieties of a unique mineral species, that he named diopside (Tonnelier, 1806 and 1809). Thus, Roch Neir and Testa Ciarva at Pian della Mussa (Balme) are the type localities for diopside (Ciriotti et al., 2009). On the contrary, the information that Becchi delle Curbassere (Ala di Stura) [see http://www.mindat.org/loc-60196.html] is another of the type localities for diopside, probably due to erroneuos interpretations of the original literature, is unfounded.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: - Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
Clinohumite var: Titanclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Habit: saddle-like xls
Colour: white, creamy, dark brown
Description: It is a Fe-rich dolomite
Reference: Barresi A.A., Caiolo M., Ambrino P., Orlandi P., 2003. Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hornesite, lollingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Maletto G.,Meda F.,Pelizzone G.-I minerali della Val d'Ala -Ellezeta (1976)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Simone Citon photo
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Leardi, L., and Rossetti, P. (1985): Caratteri geologici e petrografici delle metaofioliti della Val d'Ala. Boll. Ass. Min. Subalp., 22, 422-439.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Leardi, L., and Rossetti, P. (1985): Caratteri geologici e petrografici delle metaofioliti della Val d'Ala. Boll. Ass. Min. Subalp., 22, 422-439.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: - Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: - Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
var: Titanclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinohumite
var: Titanclinohumite
-Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Andradite (var: Topazolite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
AlAluminium
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Andradite (var: Topazolite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Andradite (var: Topazolite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Andradite (var: Topazolite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Bonvoisin, C.B. (1806): Description du Péridot Idocrase et de quatre autre substance lithologiques d'éspèce nouvelle, nommées: Succinite, Mussite, Alalite, Topazolite, découvertes dans les vallées de Lans, departement du Po, en Piémont; lue à la séance de la Classe des Sciences exactes de l’Académie impèriale de Turin, le Ier août 1805, suivie de l’analyse de la Topazolite (followed by "Note de J.-C. Delamétherie"). Journ. Phys., 62, 409-431.
- Tonnelier, J. (1806): Note sur le Diopside, espèce nouvelle établie par M. Haüy, comprenent deux variétés trouvées dans les Alps piémontaises, par M. Bonvoisin, et désignées dans le Journal de Physique (mai 1806) sous le nom de Mussite et d’Alalite. Journal de Mines, 20, 115, 65-74.
- Tonnelier, J. (1809): Remarks on the Diopside, a New Species in Mineralogy, established by Mr. Hauy, comprising two Varieties found in the Piedmontese Alps, by Mr. Bonvoisin, and described in the Journal de Physique for May, 1806, under the names of Mussite and Alalite. Nicholson’s Journal [Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts], XXII, 14-20.
- Borson, E. (1830): Catalogue raisonné de la collection minéralogique du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Turin. Ed. Impr. Royale, Turin, 742 pp.
- Barelli, V. (1835): Cenni di statistica mineralogica degli Stati di S.M. il Re di Sardegna, ovvero catalogo ragionato della raccolta formatasi presso l'Azienda Generale dell'Interno. Tipografia Giuseppe Fodratti, Torino, 686 pp.
- Strüver, G. (1867): Sopra alcuni minerali italiani. Atti R. Acc. Sci. Torino, 3, 123-133.
- Strüver, G. (1871): Die Minerallagerstatten des Alathales in Piemont. Neu. Jahrb. Miner. Geol. Pal., 337-352.
- Jervis, G. (1873): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 410 pp.
- Weinschenk, E. (1900): Über einige bemerkenswerte Minerallagerstätten der Westalpen. Die Minerallagerstätten der Mussa Alpe. Zeitschr. Kryst. Miner., 32, 258-265.
- Repossi, Emilio (1919): La val d'Ala ed i suoi minerali. Natura, 10, 89-132.
- Grill, E., and Repossi, Elena (1942): Itinerari mineralogici. La Val d'Ala. Natura, 33, 42-57.
- Repossi, Elena (1942): Ricerche su alcuni minerali della Val d'Ala. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 81, 138-152.
- Dal Piaz, G. V. (1967): Le "granatiti" (rodingiti l.s.) nelle serpentine delle Alpi occidentali italiane. Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, 6, 267-313.
- De Michele, V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
- Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.
- Maletto, G., Meda, F., Pelizzone, G. (1976): I minerali della Val d'Ala. Ellezeta, Ed., Torino, 72 pp.
- Gramaccioli, C.M. (1979): Minerals of the Alpine rodingites of Italy. Min. Record, 10, 2, 85-89.
- Brizio, P., Maletto, G., Pelizzone, G. (1984): Aggiornamento a: "I minerali della Val d'Ala". Not. Miner. Paleont. (Riccione), 39, 3-15 (Part I); 40, 44-48 (Part II).
- Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
- Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2009): Italian type minerals. Edizioni Plus – Università di Pisa, Pisa, 357 pp.

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