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Whim shaft, Perkiomen Mines, Audubon, Lower Providence Township, Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 7' 51'' North , 75° 26' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.1308333333, -75.4388888889

A shaft intermediate between the Ecton and Perkiomen mines. Minerals could be collected on the dumps close to the shaft.

Note on mineral list: all species listed for Perkiomen Mines might be found at this location as well.

Mineral List

15 valid minerals.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Smith, II, R. C. (1977) Chapter 45 Perkiomen-Ecton Mine Area, Montgomery County in Zinc and Lead Occurrences in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 4th series, Mineral Resouurce Report 72, p. 247-262 including 18 figures and Plate 6b.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 591, 893.

Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. Ed.: 834.

Rocks & Minerals (1946): 21: 17, 140.

Rocks & Minerals (1949): 24: 492-495.

Barnes, John H. (1973), "Three New Minerals for Pennsylvania," Pennsylvania Geol., Vol 4(4): 30-31.

Grant, Raymond W. (Sep, 1974), "Pennsylvania Mineral Species as of August, 1974," in Pennsylvania Minerals (PM), PM(141).

Smith, Robert C., II (1974), "Interesting Minerals from Pennsylvania Zinc-Lead Occurrences," Pennsylvania Geol., Vol. 5(3): 9.

Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 186-188.

Geyer, Smith, Barnes (1976), MATRIX: 11(2), C. M. Wheatley: the Pennsylvania Years, Part 1, The Ecton-Perkiomen Mine, 65-86.

Smith, II, R. C. (1978) Pseudomalachite Chapter in The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1966-1975, Friends of Mineralogy, Pennsylvania Chapter, Special Publication No. 1, p. 197-200.

Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of Pennsylvania, Inc.: 52, 64-65.

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