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Ross Island, Lough Leane, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Munster, Irelandi
Regional Level Types
Ross IslandIsland
Lough Leane- not defined -
Killarney- not defined -
Co. KerryCounty
MunsterProvince
IrelandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
52° 2' 5'' North , 9° 32' 13'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Small lake-side opencast and flooded shaft.
The site is of international importance as a prehistoric copper mine and is an Irish National Monument. Collecting is not likely to be encouraged!

ITM 494526 588126

Russell (1927): "The Ross Island mine is situated on the southern shore of Ross Island on Lough Leane or Lower Lake, Killarney (Six-Inch Ordnance Map, Kerry 66). It had been worked at intervals from very early times, the periods of its greatest activity being 1804 to 1810 and from 1825 to 1829, since when no regular mining has been done. The copper ores were apparently exceptionally rich, and ore to tile value of over £ 100,000 (period value) was obtained. The ores are chalcopyrite, tetrahedrite, and bornite, and they form pockets, irregular patches, and strings, along with calcite in a thin bed of bluish-grey Carboniferous Limestone, underneath which is a bed of highly siliceous limestone completely barren of metallic minerals. There also occurred rarely native copper, cuprite (both crystallized and as tile-ore), malachite, and chessylite (= azurite). [...] The deposit as a whole is perfectly illustrated on a small scale by hand specimens of the ores which may be obtained from the dumps. At the eastern end of the workings is a large water-logged open-work known, from the colour of its waters, as the Blue Hole, and it was from the dump debris from this that the specimens of serpierite were obtained. The ores worked in the Blue Hole were in the northern part chalcopyrite, and in the southern a fine-grained intimate mixture of blende, galena, pyrite, and a little chalcopyrite, exactly similar to the so-called ' blue stone' of the Parys and Mona mines, Anglesey, and to ores occurring at the Ovoca [sic] mines, Co. Wicklow."

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


58 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Colour: Colourless
Reference: Dr Richard Unitt (personal observation)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Listed as "chessylite".
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Rutley, F. (1900) Elements of Mineralogy, 12th Ed.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Dr Richard Unitt Collection
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Habit: spike-like sprigs
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: octahedra
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Cuprite var: Tile ore
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Description: Found in slag material.
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Found only in slag material associated with magnetite.
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Flecks in limestone up to 200 microns.
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: Detrital grains in limestone.
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Dr Richard Unitt collection
Leucoxene
Description: Detrital grains in limestone.
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Description: 10-20 micron inclusions in olivenite.
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.; Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.; Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: spherical aggregates or tufts (0.5mm in diameter) composed of minute crystals flattened parallel to c(001) and elongated in the direction of the a-axis; wool-like masses of very minute crystals.
Colour: greenish-blue; pale blue.
Description: in cavities in smithsonite (Russell, 1927).
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an Occurrence of Niccolite and Ullmannite at the Settlingstones Mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of Serpierite at Ross Island Mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Serpierite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 238, 604-605 (referring to Russell, 1927).; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 593.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Habit: cellular and minutely stalactitic masses containing spots of galena and chalcopyrite.
Colour: brownish
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 593.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. (2004) Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.;
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Reference: No reference listed
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Tile ore4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Cuprite
var: Tile ore
-Cu2O
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TenoriteCuO
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O Cuprite (var: Tile ore)Cu2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S DigeniteCu9S5
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S SpionkopiteCu39S28
S YarrowiteCu9S8
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu SpionkopiteCu39S28
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu YarrowiteCu9S8
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu Cuprite (var: Tile ore)Cu2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Barry Flannery (personal observation)
Weaver, T., F.R.S. (1830-1835) Geological relations of the south of Ireland (contains a description, plan, and section of the Ross Island mine according to Russell, 1927.)
Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Serpierite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 238, 604-605 (referring to Russell, 1927).

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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