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Southern District (HaDarom District), Israeli
Regional Level Types
Southern District (HaDarom District)District
IsraelCountry

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Key
01060170014946300114197.jpg
Halite encrustation on the shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
03010400014946300113359.jpg
Shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
01060170014946300114197.jpg
Halite encrustation on the shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
03010400014946300113359.jpg
Shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
01060170014946300114197.jpg
Halite encrustation on the shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ashdod224,656 (2017)
Beersheba186,600 (2017)
Ashkelon105,995 (2017)
Qiryat Gat47,450 (2017)
Eilat45,588 (2018)
Dimona33,558 (2017)
Other Languages:
Arabic:
المنطقة الجنوبية, إسرائيل
French:
district sud, Israël
German:
Südbezirk, Israel
Hebrew:
מחוז הדרום, ישראל
Italian:
distretto Sud, Israele
Russian:
Южный округ, Израиль
Simplified Chinese:
南部区, 以色列
Spanish:
Distrito Meridional, Israel
Afrikaans:
Suidelike distrik, Israel
Aragonese:
Destrito Sud, Israel
Armenian:
Հարավային մարզ, Իսրայել
Azeri:
Cənubi dairəsi , İsrail
Basque:
Hegoaldeko barrutia, Israel
Bavarian:
Sidbeziak, Israel
Belarusian:
Паўднёвая акруга Ізраіля, Ізраіль
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Паўднёвая акруга, Ізраіль
Breton:
Distrig ar Su, Israel
Bulgarian:
Южен окръг, Израел
Catalan:
districte del Sud, Israel
Cebuano:
Southern District, Israel
Chechen:
Къилба кӀошт, Израиль
Czech:
Jižní distrikt, Izrael
Danish:
Syddistriktet, Israel
Dutch:
Zuid, Israël
Esperanto:
Suda distrikto de Israelo, Israelo
Estonian:
Lõunaringkond, Iisrael
Farsi/Persian:
استان جنوب, اسرائیل
Finnish:
Eteläinen hallintoalue, Israel
Georgian:
სამხრეთი რაიონი, ისრაელი
Hungarian:
Déli körzet, Izrael
Indonesian:
Distrik Selatan, Israel
Japanese:
南部地区, イスラエル
Judaeo-Spanish:
Distrito del Sud, Israel
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Израильдің оңтүстік округі, Израиль
Korean:
남부구, 이스라엘
Latvian:
Dienvidu apgabals, Izraēla
Lithuanian:
Pietų apskritis, Izraelis
Macedonian:
Јужен округ, Израел
Malay:
Daerah Selatan, Israel
Manx:
Slyst Yiass, Israel
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Lâm-pō͘-koān , Í-sek-lia̍t
Norwegian:
Sørdistriktet, Israel
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Det sørlege distriktet i Israel, Israel
Polish:
Dystrykt Południowy, Izrael
Portuguese:
Distrito Sul, Israel
Quechua:
Urin distritu , Israyil
Romanian:
Districtul de Sud, Israel
Scots:
Soothren Destrict, Israel
Serbian:
Јужни округ, Израел
Serbo-Croatian:
Južni okrug, Izrael
Swedish:
Södra distriktet, Israel
Tamil:
தெற்கு மாவட்டம், இசுரேல்
Traditional Chinese:
南部區, 以色列
Turkish:
Güney Bölgesi, İsrail
Ukrainian:
Південний округ, Ізраїль
Urdu:
جنوبی ضلع , اسرائیل
Vietnamese:
Quận Nam, Israel
Western Punjabi:
تھلواں ضلع, اسرائیل
Yiddish:
דרום דיסטריקט, ישראל


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

160 valid minerals. 28 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., Bar-Matthews, M. (1992): Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy 4, 1337-1346.; Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., Bar-Matthews, M. (1992): Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy 4, 1337-1346.
Alforsite
Formula: Ba5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Krzątała, A.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Vapnik, Y.; Galuskin, E. (2020) Walstromite, BaCa2(Si3O9), from Rankinite Paralava within Gehlenite Hornfels of the Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Minerals 10, 407.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.; Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: 2km east of Eilat
Reference: Manfred Kampf collection
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Itamar, A. (1993): Hydrothermal alteration of quartz syenite in Shen Ramon, Israel: mineralogy, petrography and economic evaluation. Proc. Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 8th, 823-834.
'Amber'
Reference: George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.; Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Anastasenkoite
Formula: CaFe2+(P2O7)
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Murashko, M. N., Vapnik, Y., Vlasenko, N. S., Vereshchagin, O. S., Bocharov, V. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., Lozhkin, M. S., Zolotarev, A. A.: Anastasenkoite, IMA 2020-026, in: CNMNC Newsletter 56, Eur. J. Mineral." 32 https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-443-2020, 2020
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Sokol, E.V., Seryotkin, Y.V., Kokh, S.N., Vapnik, Ye., Nigmatulina, E.N., Goryainov, S.V., Belogub, E.V., Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Flamite, (Ca,Na,K)2(Si,P)O4, a new mineral from ultrahigh-temperature combustion metamorphic rocks, Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 583-596.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Hans Niedermeier (2000) Mineralien Welt, 11, #5, 58-62.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Vapnik, Y., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Krivovichev, S. V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., Gorelova, L. A., ... & Zaitsev, A. N. (2019). Murashkoite, FeP, a new terrestrial phosphide from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant. Mineralogy and Petrology, 113(2), 237-248.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Hatzor, Y. H., & Levin, M. (1997). The shear strength of clay-filled bedding planes in limestones—back-analysis of a slope failure in a phosphate mine, Israel. Geotechnical & Geological Engineering, 15(4), 263-282.
Aradite (TL)
Formula: BaCa6[(SiO4)(VO4)](VO4)2F
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Galuskina, I.O., Pakhomova, A., Armbruster, T., Vapnik, Y., Włodyka, R., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2015): New minerals with a modular structure derived from hatrurite from the pyrometamorphic Hatrurim Complex. Part II. Zadovite, BaCa6[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)2F and aradite, BaCa6[(SiO4)(VO4)](VO4)2F, from paralavas of the Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1073-1087.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Stein, M., Goldstein, S.L. (2006): U-Th and radiocarbon chronologies of late Quaternary lacustrine records of the Dead Sea basin: Methods and applications. In: Enzel, Y., Agnon, A., Stein, M. (eds.), New Frontiers in Dead Sea Paleoenvironmental Research, Geological Society of America Special Papers, Volume 401, 141-154.
Aravaite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Ca18(SiO4)6(PO4)3(CO3)F3O
Type Locality:
Reference: Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Vapnik, Y., Olieric, V., Pauluhn, A. (2018) Aravaite, Ba2Ca18(SiO4)6(PO4)3(CO3)F3O: modular structure and disorder of a new mineral with single and triple antiperovskite layers. Acta Crystallographica Section B: 74(6): 492-501.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., Bar-Matthews, M. (1992): Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy 4, 1337-1346.; Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Ariegilatite
Formula: BaCa12(SiO4)4(PO4)2F2O
Reference: Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Vapnik, Y., Olieric, V., Pauluhn, A. (2018) Aravaite, Ba2Ca18(SiO4)6(PO4)3(CO3)F3O: modular structure and disorder of a new mineral with single and triple antiperovskite layers. Acta Crystallographica Section B: 74(6): 492-501.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1489/
Barioferrite (TL)
Formula: BaFe3+12O19
Reference: IMA Approvals - July 2009
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Vapnik, Y., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Krivovichev, S. V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., Gorelova, L. A., ... & Zaitsev, A. N. (2019). Murashkoite, FeP, a new terrestrial phosphide from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant. Mineralogy and Petrology, 113(2), 237-248.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Murashko, M. et al (2010) Zapiski RMO, 139, 3, 22-30.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Vapnik, Y., Olieric, V., Pauluhn, A. (2018) Aravaite, Ba2Ca18(SiO4)6(PO4)3(CO3)F3O: modular structure and disorder of a new mineral with single and triple antiperovskite layers. Acta Crystallographica Section B: 74(6): 492-501.
Bennesherite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Fe2+Si2O7
Type Locality:
Reference: Krzątała, A., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., Vapnik, Y., Galuskin, E. (2019): Bennesherite, IMA 2019-068. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine, 83, https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Bentorite
Formula: Ca6(Cr3+,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Juroszek, R.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Krüger, H.; Tribus, M.; Kürsten, C. (2020) Raman Spectroscopy and Single-Crystal High-Temperature Investigations of Bentorite, Ca6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O. Minerals 10, 38.
'Bisbeeite'
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3 · nH2O
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Bredigite
Formula: Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Brownmillerite
Formula: Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Vapnik, Y., Olieric, V., Pauluhn, A. (2018) Aravaite, Ba2Ca18(SiO4)6(PO4)3(CO3)F3O: modular structure and disorder of a new mineral with single and triple antiperovskite layers. Acta Crystallographica Section B: 74(6): 492-501.
Calciolangbeinite
Formula: K2Ca2(SO4)3
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Hans Niedermeier (2000) Mineralien Welt, 11, #5, 58-62.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Geology Vol 20-9 (1992), p. 829
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Anenburg, M., Bialik, O. M., Vapnik, Y., Chapman, H. J., Antler, G., Katzir, Y., & Bickle, M. J. (2014). The origin of celestine–quartz–calcite geodes associated with a basaltic dyke, Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Geological Magazine, 151(5), 798-815.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1489/; Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Chlormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Reference: Shulamit Gross (1977) The mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geol. Surv. of Israel, Bull. # 70.; Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Chromatite
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Reference: Shulamit Gross (1977) The mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geol. Surv. of Israel, Bull. # 70.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai (2000) Dictionary of Gems and Gemology. Springer
'Clays'
Reference: Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., Bar-Matthews, M. (1992): Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy 4, 1337-1346.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Galuskin, E.; Galuskina, I.; Vapnik, Y.; Murashko, M. Molecular Hydrogen in Natural Mayenite. Minerals 2020, 10, 560.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Segev, A., Halicz, L., Steinitz, G., & Lang, B. (1992) K-Ar geochronology of manganese nodules from the cambrian Timna formation, Har Mikhrot, Timna valley. Israel Geological Society annual meeting. pp 128-129
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Itamar, A. (1993): Hydrothermal alteration of quartz syenite in Shen Ramon, Israel: mineralogy, petrography and economic evaluation. Proc. Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 8th, 823-834.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Vapnik, Y., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Krivovichev, S. V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., Gorelova, L. A., ... & Zaitsev, A. N. (2019). Murashkoite, FeP, a new terrestrial phosphide from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant. Mineralogy and Petrology, 113(2), 237-248.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Itamar, A. (1993): Hydrothermal alteration of quartz syenite in Shen Ramon, Israel: mineralogy, petrography and economic evaluation. Proc. Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 8th, 823-834.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1489/
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Vapnik, Y., Prusik, K., Stasiak, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2017): Gurimite, Ba3(VO4)2, and hexacelsian, BaAl2Si2O8 – two new minerals from schorlomite-rich paralava of the Hatrurim Complex, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1009-1019.; Arkadiusz Krzątała, Evgeny V. Galuskin, Irina O. Galuskina, Yevgeny Vapnik (2018) “Uranian cuspidine” – a potentially new mineral from paralava of Eastern Gurim, Hatrurim Complex, Israel. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 358
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Arkadiusz Krzątała, Evgeny V. Galuskin, Irina O. Galuskina, Yevgeny Vapnik (2018) “Uranian cuspidine” – a potentially new mineral from paralava of Eastern Gurim, Hatrurim Complex, Israel. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 358
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Vapnik, Y., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Krivovichev, S. V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., Gorelova, L. A., ... & Zaitsev, A. N. (2019). Murashkoite, FeP, a new terrestrial phosphide from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant. Mineralogy and Petrology, 113(2), 237-248.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Hans Niedermeier (2000) Mineralien Welt, 11, #5, 58-62.
'Eilat Stone'
Reference: Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai (2000) Dictionary of Gems and Gemology. Springer
'Ellestadite'
Reference: Gross S (1984) Occurrence of ye'elimite and ellestadite in an unusual cobble from the "pseudo-conglomerate" of the Hatrurim basin, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel Current Research, 1-4
Ellinaite (TL)
Formula: CaCr2O4
Description: In paralavas
Reference: Sharygin, V. V., Britvin, S. N., Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Nigmatulina, E. N., Yakovlev, G. A., Novoselov, K. A., and Murashko, M. N.: Ellinaite, IMA 2019-091, in: CNMNC Newsletter 53, Eur. J. Mineral., 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-209-2020, 2020.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.; Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Flamite (TL)
Formula: Ca8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Sokol, E.V., Seryotkin, Y.V., Kokh, S.N., Vapnik, Y., Nigmatulina, E.N., Goryainov, S.V., Belogub, E.V. and Sharygin, V.V. (2014) Flamite, IMA 2013-122. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 550; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558. ; Sokol, E.V., Seryotkin, Y.V., Kokh, S.N., Vapnik, Ye., Nigmatulina, E.N., Goryainov, S.V., Belogub, E.V., Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Flamite, (Ca,Na,K)2(Si,P)O4, a new mineral from ultrahigh-temperature combustion metamorphic rocks, Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 583-596.
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Itamar, A. (1993): Hydrothermal alteration of quartz syenite in Shen Ramon, Israel: mineralogy, petrography and economic evaluation. Proc. Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 8th, 823-834.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Tonsuaadu, K., Veiderma, M., Koel, M., & Nathan, Y. (2000). Thermal analysis of Israeli phosphorites. In PROCEEDINGS-ESTONIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CHEMISTRY (Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 44-52). TRUEKITUD OU.
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.; Krzątała, Arkadiusz & Panikorovskii, Taras & Galuskina, Irina & Galuskin, Evgeny. (2018). Dynamic Disorder of Fe3+ Ions in the Crystal Structure of Natural Barioferrite. Minerals. 8. 340. 10.3390/min8080340.
Fluorellestadite var. Wilkeite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Fluorkyuygenite (TL)
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2]
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Fluormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32F2
Reference: Galuskin, E.; Galuskina, I.; Vapnik, Y.; Murashko, M. Molecular Hydrogen in Natural Mayenite. Minerals 2020, 10, 560.
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Fresnoite
Formula: Ba2Ti(Si2O7)O
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Galuskina, I.O., Pakhomova, A., Armbruster, T., Vapnik, Y., Włodyka, R., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2015): New minerals with a modular structure derived from hatrurite from the pyrometamorphic Hatrurim Complex. Part II. Zadovite, BaCa6[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)2F and aradite, BaCa6[(SiO4)(VO4)](VO4)2F, from paralavas of the Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1073-1087.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Itamar, A. (1993): Hydrothermal alteration of quartz syenite in Shen Ramon, Israel: mineralogy, petrography and economic evaluation. Proc. Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 8th, 823-834.
Gazeevite (TL)
Formula: BaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Galuskina, I.O., Armbruster, T., Vapnik, Y., Kusz, J., Dulski, M., Gardocki, M. and Dzierz˙anowski, P. (2015) Gazeevite, IMA 2015- 037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 946; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Juroszek, R.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Krüger, H.; Tribus, M.; Kürsten, C. (2020) Raman Spectroscopy and Single-Crystal High-Temperature Investigations of Bentorite, Ca6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O. Minerals 10, 38.
'Glass'
Reference: Bentor, Y. K. (1952). Magmatic Intrusions and Lava-sheets in the Raman area of the Nagev (Southern Israel). Geological Magazine, 89(2), 129-140. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.139 Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., & Bar-Matthews, M. (1992). Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy, 1337-1346. Eyal, M., Becker, A., & Samoylov, V. (1996). Mt. Arod–an Early Cretaceous basanitic volcano with a fossil lava lake. Isr. J. Earth Sci, 45, 31-38. Garfunkel, Z., & Katz, A. (1967). New magmatic features in Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Geological Magazine, 104(6), 608-629. Lang, B., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., Verdurmen, E. A., & Steinitz, G. (1988). K-Ar and Rb-Sr ages of early Cretaceous magmatic rocks from Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences, 37(2-3), 65-72. Samoilov, V. S., & Vapnik, Y. (2007). Fractional melting–the determining factor in the origin of the tephrite–basanite–nephelinite rock suite: evidence from western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 184(2), 181-195. Starinsky, A., Bielski, M. & Bonen, D. (1980). Rb-Sr whole rock age of the syenitic intrusions (Shen Ramon and Gavnunim) in the Ramon area, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 29, 177-181. Vapnik, Y. (2005). Melt and fluid inclusions and mineral thermobarometry of mantle xenoliths in Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 15-28. Vapnik, Y., Sharygin, V. V., Samoilov, V., & Yudalevich, Z. (2007). The petrogenesis of basic and ultrabasic alkaline rocks of western Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: geochemistry, melt and fluid inclusion study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(4), 663-684.
Gmalimite (TL)
Formula: K6◻Fe2+24S27
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina I.O., Krüger B., Galuskin E.V., Krüger H., Vapnik Y., Banasik K., Murashko M., Agakhanov A.A. and Pauluhn A. (2019): Gmalimite, IMA 2019-007. CNMNC Newsletter No. 50; Mineralogical Magazine, 31, doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.46; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15578&sid=813c77a70706fa166a7b80754bd6a1e5 (visited 23.07.2019)
Gorerite (TL)
Formula: CaAlFe3+11O19
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, H., Nejbert, K., Vapnik, Y., Tomizaki, T. (2019): Gorerite, IMA 2019-080. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine: 83; https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Görgeyite ?
Formula: K2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
Reference: Anenburg, M., Bialik, O. M., Vapnik, Y., Chapman, H. J., Antler, G., Katzir, Y., & Bickle, M. J. (2014). The origin of celestine–quartz–calcite geodes associated with a basaltic dyke, Makhtesh Ramon, Israel. Geological Magazine, 151(5), 798-815.
Gurimite (TL)
Formula: Ba3(VO4)2
Description: occur in oval polymineralic inclusions in paralava
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Vapnik, Y., Prusik, K., Dzierz˙anowski, P., Murashko, M. and Galuskin, E.V. (2013) Gurimite, IMA 2013-032. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2708; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Vapnik, Y., Prusik, K., Stasiak, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2017): Gurimite, Ba3(VO4)2, and hexacelsian, BaAl2Si2O8 – two new minerals from schorlomite-rich paralava of the Hatrurim Complex, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1009-1019 ; Arkadiusz Krzątała, Evgeny V. Galuskin, Irina O. Galuskina, Yevgeny Vapnik (2018) “Uranian cuspidine” – a potentially new mineral from paralava of Eastern Gurim, Hatrurim Complex, Israel. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 358; Krzątała, A.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Vapnik, Y.; Galuskin, E. (2020) Walstromite, BaCa2(Si3O9), from Rankinite Paralava within Gehlenite Hornfels of the Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Minerals 10, 407.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hans Niedermeier (2000) Mineralien Welt, 11, #5, 58-62.
Halamishite (TL)
Formula: Ni5P4
Type Locality:
Reference: Britvin, S.N., Murashko, M.N., Vapnik, Y., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Krivovichev, S.V., Vereshchagin, O.S., Shilovskikh, V.V., Vlasenko, N.S., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G. (2020) Halamishite, Ni5P4, a new terrestrial phosphide in the Ni–P system. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 47(1): 3.; Britvin, S.N., Murashko, M.N., Vapnik, Ye., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2014) Halamishite, IMA 2013-105. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 167. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 165-170.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Harmunite
Formula: CaFe2O4
Reference: Krzątała, Arkadiusz & Panikorovskii, Taras & Galuskina, Irina & Galuskin, Evgeny. (2018). Dynamic Disorder of Fe3+ Ions in the Crystal Structure of Natural Barioferrite. Minerals. 8. 340. 10.3390/min8080340.
Hashemite
Formula: BaCr6+O4
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Krzątała, A.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Vapnik, Y.; Galuskin, E. (2020) Walstromite, BaCa2(Si3O9), from Rankinite Paralava within Gehlenite Hornfels of the Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Minerals 10, 407.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Vapnik, Y., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Krivovichev, S. V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., Gorelova, L. A., ... & Zaitsev, A. N. (2019). Murashkoite, FeP, a new terrestrial phosphide from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant. Mineralogy and Petrology, 113(2), 237-248.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Hexacelsian (TL)
Formula: BaAl2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Vapnik, Y., Prusik, K., Stasiak, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2017): Gurimite, Ba3(VO4)2, and hexacelsian, BaAl2Si2O8 – two new minerals from schorlomite-rich paralava of the Hatrurim Complex, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1009-1019.; Krzątała, A.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Vapnik, Y.; Galuskin, E. (2020) Walstromite, BaCa2(Si3O9), from Rankinite Paralava within Gehlenite Hornfels of the Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Minerals 10, 407.
Hilgardite
Formula: Ca2B5O9Cl · H2O
Reference: Anthony, et al (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 5, p. 288.
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Segev, A., Halicz, L., Steinitz, G., & Lang, B. (1992) K-Ar geochronology of manganese nodules from the cambrian Timna formation, Har Mikhrot, Timna valley. Israel Geological Society annual meeting. pp 128-129
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al