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Southern District (HaDarom District), Israeli
Regional Level Types
Southern District (HaDarom District)District
IsraelCountry

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Key
01060170014946300114197.jpg
Halite encrustation on the shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
03010400014946300113359.jpg
Shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
01060170014946300114197.jpg
Halite encrustation on the shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
03010400014946300113359.jpg
Shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
01060170014946300114197.jpg
Halite encrustation on the shoreline of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea, Southern District, Israel
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ashdod224,656 (2017)
Beersheba186,600 (2017)
Ashkelon105,995 (2017)
Qiryat Gat47,450 (2017)
Eilat45,588 (2018)
Dimona33,558 (2017)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

55 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: 2km east of Eilat
Reference: Manfred Kampf collection
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Hans Niedermeier (2000) Mineralien Welt, 11, #5, 58-62.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barioferrite (TL)
Formula: BaFe3+12O19
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA Approvals - July 2009
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bisbeeite'
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Segev, A., Halicz, L., Steinitz, G., & Lang, B. (1992) K-Ar geochronology of manganese nodules from the cambrian Timna formation, Har Mikhrot, Timna valley. Israel Geological Society annual meeting. pp 128-129
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Segev, A., Halicz, L., Steinitz, G., & Lang, B. (1992) K-Ar geochronology of manganese nodules from the cambrian Timna formation, Har Mikhrot, Timna valley. Israel Geological Society annual meeting. pp 128-129
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Eilat Stone'
'Ellestadite'
Reference: Gross S (1984) Occurrence of ye'elimite and ellestadite in an unusual cobble from the "pseudo-conglomerate" of the Hatrurim basin, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel Current Research, 1-4
Flamite
Formula: Ca8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Tonsuaadu, K., Veiderma, M., Koel, M., & Nathan, Y. (2000). Thermal analysis of Israeli phosphorites. In PROCEEDINGS-ESTONIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CHEMISTRY (Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 44-52). TRUEKITUD OU.
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Fluorellestadite var: Wilkeite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hilgardite
Formula: Ca2B5O9Cl · H2O
Reference: Anthony, et al (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 5, p. 288.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Segev, A., Halicz, L., Steinitz, G., & Lang, B. (1992) K-Ar geochronology of manganese nodules from the cambrian Timna formation, Har Mikhrot, Timna valley. Israel Geological Society annual meeting. pp 128-129
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Murashko, M. et al (2010) Zapiski RMO, 139, 3, 22-30.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Murashko, M. et al (2010) Zapiski RMO, 139, 3, 22-30.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nataliakulikite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
Type Locality:
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Yakovlev, G.A., Wirth, R., Seryotkin, Y.V., Sokol, E.V., Nigmatulina, E.N., Karmanov, N.S., Pautov, L.A. (2018) Nataliakulikite, IMA 2018-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14984
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Pseudowollastonite'
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Segev, A., Halicz, L., Steinitz, G., & Lang, B. (1992) K-Ar geochronology of manganese nodules from the cambrian Timna formation, Har Mikhrot, Timna valley. Israel Geological Society annual meeting. pp 128-129
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Richard Hauck collection
Rankinite
Formula: Ca3Si2O7
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Silicocarnotite (TL)
Formula: Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Shugar, A. N. Extractive metallurgy in the Chalcolithic Southern Levant: Assessment of copper ores from Abu Matar. in Ben-Yosef, E. and Goren, Y. (eds.): Mining for Copper: Essays in Honor of Professor Beno Rothenberg
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai (2000) Dictionary of Gems and Gemology. Springer
'Wad'
Ye'elimite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Al6(SO4)O12
Type Locality:
Reference: Gross S (1984) Occurrence of ye'elimite and ellestadite in an unusual cobble from the "pseudo-conglomerate" of the Hatrurim basin, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel Current Research, 1-4

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Barioferrite (TL)4.CC.45BaFe3+12O19
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 6 - Borates
Hilgardite6.ED.05Ca2B5O9Cl · H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ye'elimite (TL)7.BC.15Ca4Al6(SO4)O12
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Fluorellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
var: Wilkeite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
'Pseudowollastonite'9.CA.20CaSiO3
Rankinite9.BC.15Ca3Si2O7
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Eilat Stone'-
'Ellestadite'-
Flamite-Ca8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Nataliakulikite (TL)-Ca4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
Silicocarnotite (TL)-Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB12X19
Barioferrite (TL)7.4.3.4BaFe3+12O19
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pentaborates
Hilgardite26.5.14.1Ca2B5O9Cl · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Fluorellestadite52.4.9.3Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [7] coordination
Rankinite55.3.1.1Ca3Si2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Eilat Stone'-
'Ellestadite'-
Flamite-Ca8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
Fluorellestadite
var: Wilkeite
-Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Nataliakulikite (TL)-Ca4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
'Pseudowollastonite'-CaSiO3
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
Silicocarnotite (TL)-Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
'Wad'-
Ye'elimite (TL)-Ca4Al6(SO4)O12

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
OOxygen
O Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
O BarioferriteBaFe123+O19
O SilicocarnotiteCa5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
O NataliakulikiteCa4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Fluorellestadite (var: Wilkeite)Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O TenoriteCuO
O PseudowollastoniteCaSiO3
O RankiniteCa3Si2O7
O KalsiliteKAlSiO4
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O FlamiteCa8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F Fluorellestadite (var: Wilkeite)Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na FlamiteCa8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
AlAluminium
Al Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
Al NataliakulikiteCa4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si SilicocarnotiteCa5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
Si NataliakulikiteCa4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si LarniteCa2SiO4
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Fluorellestadite (var: Wilkeite)Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PseudowollastoniteCaSiO3
Si RankiniteCa3Si2O7
Si KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si FlamiteCa8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
PPhosphorus
P SilicocarnotiteCa5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P FlamiteCa8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S Fluorellestadite (var: Wilkeite)Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AniliteCu7S4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
ClChlorine
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K KalsiliteKAlSiO4
K FlamiteCa8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
Ca SilicocarnotiteCa5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
Ca NataliakulikiteCa4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
Ca LarniteCa2SiO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Fluorellestadite (var: Wilkeite)Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca PseudowollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca RankiniteCa3Si2O7
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca FlamiteCa8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
TiTitanium
Ti NataliakulikiteCa4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe BarioferriteBaFe123+O19
Fe NataliakulikiteCa4Ti2(Fe3+,Fe2+)(Si,Fe3+,Al)O11
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu CopperCu
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
BaBarium
Ba BarioferriteBaFe123+O19
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

African PlateTectonic Plate
Arabian PlateTectonic Plate

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