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Vlaykov Vruh Mine, Elshitsa, Panagyurishte, Pazardzhik Province, Bulgariai
Regional Level Types
Vlaykov Vruh MineMine
Elshitsa- not defined -
PanagyurishteMunicipality
Pazardzhik ProvinceOblast
BulgariaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 20' 53'' North , 24° 13' 41'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lesichovo1,206 (2017)9.6km
Panagyurishte19,389 (2017)16.6km
Septemvri8,745 (2018)17.2km
Strelcha4,545 (2012)18.4km
Pazardzhik75,977 (2007)18.6km


Porphyry copper deposit mined out from 1962 to 1979.

Located about 1 km to the SE of the Elshitsa deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S BaryteBaSO4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu CopperCu
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 87.7 ± 0.5 Ma to 86.77 ± 0.5 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)86.77 ± 0.5 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)87.7 ± 0.5 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kouzmanov, K., Moritz, R., von Quadt, A., Chiaradia, M., Peytcheva, I., Fontignie, D., Ramboz, C., and Bogdanov, K. (2009) Late Cretaceous porphyry Cu and epithermal Cu–Au association in the Southern Panagyurishte District, Bulgaria: the paired Vlaykov Vruh and Elshitsa deposits. Mineralium Deposita 44, 611-646.
Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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