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Bolcana Mine, Deva, Hunedoara, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
Bolcana MineMine
Deva- not defined -
HunedoaraCounty
RomaniaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 58' 60'' North , 23° 1' 60'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.98333,23.03333
GeoHash:G#: u80ms5h27
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Porphyry copper deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
'Biotite'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
'Clinochlore-1MIa'
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
'Clinochlore-1MIb'
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680; Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Germanite'2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinochlore-1MIa'-
'Clinochlore-1MIb'-
'Hornblende'-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinochlore-1MIa'-
'Clinochlore-1MIb'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
GeGermanium
Ge GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3145676
Neogene andesite

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{andesite}, Minor{rhyolite,rhyodacite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3188607
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone-carbonate-sandstone-conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Milu, V., Leroy, J. L., & Piantone, P. (2003). The Bolcana Cu–Au ore deposit (Metaliferi Mountains, Romania): first data on the alteration and related mineralisation. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 335(8), 671-680.
- Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1695-1702.
- Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
- Sorin HALGA, Randy RUFF, Barbara STEFANINI, Alexandru NICOLICI (2010): The Rovina Valley project, Apuseni Mts., Romania: gold-copper porphyry discoveries in a historic mining district. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 84, 12-14.
Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.


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