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Kassiteres-Sapes area, Xanthi, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Kassiteres-Sapes areaArea
XanthiRegional Unit
East Macedonia and ThraceAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 1' 24'' North , 25° 47' 15'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.02333,25.78750
GeoHash:G#: sx636u1fh
Locality type:Area
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate


Porphyry copper-gold deposits.

The Kassiteres-Sapes area is a telescoped porphyry Cu-Mo-Re ± Au and epithermal Au-Ag-Cu-Te system, hosted within Oligocene calc-alkaline to high-K calc-alkaline granodiorite-tonalite, microdiorite and quartz-feldspar porphyries and their volcanic equivalents.

[See also "Sappes Mine" in Évros Prefecture - hierarchy presently uncertain.]

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Rhodope Mts, Bulgaria/GreeceMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

45 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ortelli, M., Moritz, R., Voudouris, P., & Spangenberg, J. (2009). Tertiary porphyry and epithermal association of the Sapes-Kassiteres district, Eastern Rhodopes, Greece. Smart Science for Exploration and Mining, 536-538.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: C. Mavrogonatos, P. Voudouris, P. Spry, V. Melfos, S. Klemme, J. Berndt, C. Kanellopoulos, R. Moritz (2018): First zunyite-bearing lithocap in Greece: The case of Konos Hill Mo-Re-Cu-Au porphyry system. The 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science, 16-31 July 2018, Proceedings, 12 pp. (https://sciforum.net/paper/view/conference/5450).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Biotite'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Ortelli, M., Moritz, R., Voudouris, P., & Spangenberg, J. (2009). Tertiary porphyry and epithermal association of the Sapes-Kassiteres district, Eastern Rhodopes, Greece. Smart Science for Exploration and Mining, 536-538.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ortelli, M., Moritz, R., Voudouris, P., & Spangenberg, J. (2009). Tertiary porphyry and epithermal association of the Sapes-Kassiteres district, Eastern Rhodopes, Greece. Smart Science for Exploration and Mining, 536-538.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: C. Mavrogonatos, P. Voudouris, P. Spry, V. Melfos, S. Klemme, J. Berndt, C. Kanellopoulos, R. Moritz (2018): First zunyite-bearing lithocap in Greece: The case of Konos Hill Mo-Re-Cu-Au porphyry system. The 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science, 16-31 July 2018, Proceedings, 12 pp. (https://sciforum.net/paper/view/conference/5450).
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ortelli, M., Moritz, R., Voudouris, P., & Spangenberg, J. (2009). Tertiary porphyry and epithermal association of the Sapes-Kassiteres district, Eastern Rhodopes, Greece. Smart Science for Exploration and Mining, 536-538.
Rheniite
Formula: ReS2
Reference: Panagiotis Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Luca Bindi, Robert Moritz, Melissa Ortelli and Tamara Kartal (2013) Extremely Re-Rich Molybdenite from Porphyry Cu-Mo-Au Prospects in Northeastern Greece: Mode of Occurrence, Causes of Enrichment, and Implications for Gold Exploration. Minerals 3, 165-191.; C. Mavrogonatos, P. Voudouris, P. Spry, V. Melfos, S. Klemme, J. Berndt, C. Kanellopoulos, R. Moritz (2018): First zunyite-bearing lithocap in Greece: The case of Konos Hill Mo-Re-Cu-Au porphyry system. The 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science, 16-31 July 2018, Proceedings, 12 pp. (https://sciforum.net/paper/view/conference/5450); Mavrogonatos, C., Voudouris, P., Spry , P.G., Melfos, V., Klemme, S., Berndt, J., Baker, T., Moritz, R., Bissig, T., Monecke, T. & Zaccarini, F. (2018): Mineralogical study of the advanced argillic alteration zone at the Konos Hill Mo–Cu–Re–Au porphyry prospect, NE Greece. Minerals 8, 479.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Mavrogonatos, C., Voudouris, P., Spry , P.G., Melfos, V., Klemme, S., Berndt, J., Baker, T., Moritz, R., Bissig, T., Monecke, T. & Zaccarini, F. (2018): Mineralogical study of the advanced argillic alteration zone at the Konos Hill Mo–Cu–Re–Au porphyry prospect, NE Greece. Minerals 8, 479.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Voudouris, P. C. (2014): Hydrothermal corundum, topaz, diaspore and alunite supergroup minerals in the advanced argillic alteration lithocap of the Kassiteres-Sapes porphyry-epithermal system, western Thrace, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 191, 117-136.
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: C. Mavrogonatos, P. Voudouris, P. Spry, V. Melfos, S. Klemme, J. Berndt, C. Kanellopoulos, R. Moritz (2018): First zunyite-bearing lithocap in Greece: The case of Konos Hill Mo-Re-Cu-Au porphyry system. The 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science, 16-31 July 2018, Proceedings, 12 pp. (https://sciforum.net/paper/view/conference/5450); Mavrogonatos, C., Voudouris, P., Spry , P.G., Melfos, V., Klemme, S., Berndt, J., Baker, T., Moritz, R., Bissig, T., Monecke, T. & Zaccarini, F. (2018): Mineralogical study of the advanced argillic alteration zone at the Konos Hill Mo–Cu–Re–Au porphyry prospect, NE Greece. Minerals 8, 479.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05Cu10Te4S13
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rheniite2.EB.35ReS2
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6Cu10Te4S13
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2 < ø < 2.49
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
Rheniite-ReS2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S CovelliteCuS
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S RheniiteReS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S DigeniteCu9S5
ClChlorine
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te TelluriumTe
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
ReRhenium
Re RheniiteReS2
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Voudouris, P.; Tarkian, M.; Arikas, K. (2006): Mineralogy of telluride-bearing epithermal ores in the Kassiteres-Sappes area, western Thrace, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 87, 31-52.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Voudouris, P. C. (2014): Hydrothermal corundum, topaz, diaspore and alunite supergroup minerals in the advanced argillic alteration lithocap of the Kassiteres-Sapes porphyry-epithermal system, western Thrace, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 191, 117-136.

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