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Mooralla, Southern Grampians Shire, Victoria, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 20' 49'' South , 142° 3' 4'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -37.34694,142.05111
GeoHash:G#: r1m583nqq
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Since the 1960s smoky quartz 'geodes' have been highly sought after from the designated gem collecting site near Mooralla, near the Grampians in western Victoria. The geodes are formed below the surface in weathered greenish-grey rhyolite, known as the Rocklands Rhyolite, which erupted in the Late Devonian period. Decades of collecting have resulted in a landscape of low dumps, partly filled in pits and holes as deep as six metres in an area where good specimens were once recovered from close to the surface.

The predominantly smoky quartz crystals, very dark brown to black in colour, are noted for their transparency and lustre, and often contain wispy swirls and gas bubbles in fluid inclusions. They are found as simple to complex crystals or groups of crystals up to three or four centimetres across and loose crystals, weathered out of the rhyolite, are common. Most valued are spherical geodes up to 10 centimetres across, with one or more crystals attached to the inside walls of the geode.

The inside walls of the geodes are often lined with small opaque and colourless quartz crystals up to a few millimetres long, and sometimes amethystine to pink or lilac quartz of similar size.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

5 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Judy Rowe Collection
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Judy Rowe Collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
'Rhyolite'
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Rhyolite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Agate-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rhyolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 702606
Rocklands Volcanic Group

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Rocklands Volcanic Group

Description: Subaerial caldera volcanics: rhyolitic ignimbrite, minor rhyolitic lava, fluvial sandstone

Comments: igneous felsic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Early Devonian - Late Silurian
393.3 - 427.4 Ma



ID: 3193146
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (393.3 - 427.4 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region
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Australia

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