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Kliphoog Mine, Okiep Copper District, Namakwa District (Namaqualand), Northern Cape, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Kliphoog MineMine
Okiep Copper DistrictDistrict
Namakwa District (Namaqualand)District
Northern CapeProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 29° 33' 45'' South , 17° 52' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -29.56248,17.88088
GeoHash:G#: k6sxyfk6n
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


Tungsten mine.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Biotite'
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Sillimanite'9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
'Thorite'9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AlAluminium
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
UUranium
U Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Stenian : 1022 Ma to 1011 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Mesoproterozoic
   Stenian
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)1011 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)1022 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic - Mesoproterozoic
541 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3190510
Mesoproterozoic-Neoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 1600 Ma)

Comments: Bushmanland

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3311952

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Plutonic and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Statherian - Orosirian
1600 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2235278
Khurisberg Subgroup of Bushmanland Group

Age: Paleoproterozoic (1600 - 2050 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Khurisberg Subgroup

Description: Quartzites, schists

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Re-Os dating and sulphur isotope composition of molybdenite from tungsten deposits in western Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for ore genesis and the timing of metamorphism. Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.


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