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Croix-de-Pallières, Saint-Félix-de-Pallières, Gard, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Croix-de-PallièresGroup of Mines
Saint-Félix-de-Pallières- not defined -
GardDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 2' 44'' North , 3° 56' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.04556,3.93889
GeoHash:G#: spff9dhpy
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Thoiras390 (2016)2.4km
Saint-Félix-de-Pallières220 (2016)3.1km
Corbés138 (2016)3.2km
Anduze3,295 (2016)3.8km
Vabres110 (2016)4.1km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Languedoc-Roussillon


The Croix-de-Pallières mine was exploited from 1844 by the Société de la Vieille Montagne with an intensification of its exploitation during the period from 1948 to 1971. Its total production is estimated at 80,000 t of Zn, 34,000 t of Pb, 30 t of Ag, 520 t of Cd and 28 t of Ge from more than 1 Mt of mixed ore. Mining activity ceases in 1971 due to lack of reserves. Despite extension research carried out by the company between 1975 and 1979, the business will not resume and the concession will be waived in 2004 by Umicore (Gouin and Bailly, 2011).

Large dumps of ancient lead and zinc mines, located in a woodland 1.5 km SSW of Saint-Félix and about 4 km WSW of Anduze.

"(Coming from Anduze). Leave Alès to the south on the N110 [currently the D6110]. To the right of Saint-Christol follow the D910 [currently the D910A] until Anduze. Continue straight ahead on the D133. At the intersection towards Saint-Felix, turn right towards Pallières. On both sides of the road, there are old workings with calcite crystals, dolomite, and galena on the dumps." [Belot, 1978]

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: JM Johannet.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: JM Johannet.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Der Aufschluss (1974) 3, 193-197.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: JM Johannet.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: JM Johannet.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Der Aufschluss (1974) 3, 193-197.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Der Aufschluss (1974) 3, 193-197.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: JM Johannet.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: JM Johannet.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: JM Johannet.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: JM Johannet.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Aufschluss 1974(3), 193-197

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
CuCopper
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3145993
detrital and evaporitic deposit

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{gypsum, anhydrite,dolomite/dolostone,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Der Aufschluss (1974) 3, 193-197.
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Johannet, J.M. and Pécorini, R. (2005) Les mines de La Croix de Pallières, Saint Félix de Pallières (Gard). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 88, 17-28.


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