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Rocca San Silvestro slag locality, Campiglia Marittima, Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge), Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Rocca San Silvestro slag localitySlag Locality
Campiglia MarittimaMunicipality
Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)- not defined -
Livorno ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° North , 10° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~10km
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Località di scorie di Rocca San Silvestro, Campiglia Marittima, Campiglia Marittima, Campigliese (Monti di Campiglia), Provincia di Livorno, Toscana, Italia


Alteration minerals in medieval metallurgical Cu slags found around the ruins of the miming village of Rocca San Silvestro, near Campiglia Marittima.
The locality is particularly known for nice crystals of connellite and spangolite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.); Gianni Porcellini collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.)
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.)
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.); Gianni Porcellini collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
AlAluminium
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
SSulfur
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
CuCopper
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Perchiazzi, N., Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 13, 3 (3-1990), 145-150.
Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, (4), 13-18; 50.
Mascaro, I., Benvenuti, M., Tanelli, G. (1995): Mineralogy applied to archaeometallurgy: an investigation of medieval slags from Rocca San Silvestro (Campiglia M.ma, Tuscany). Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage, 4, 87-98.
Jansen, H., van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).

External Links


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